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Paederus littoralis01.jpg
Paederus sp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Suborder: Polyphaga
Infraorder: Staphyliniformia
Superfamily: Staphylinoidea
Family: Staphylinidae
Lameere, 1900
Subfamily: Paederinae
Fleming, 1821

The Paederinae are a subfamily of the Staphylinidae, rove beetles.[1][2] The Paederinae include two tribes, Paederini and Pinophilini.[3]

Three of the genera of a subtribe of the Paederini are associated with a skin irritation called Paederus dermatitis, due to a potent vesicant in their haemolymph.[4] This irritant, pederin, is highly toxic, more potent than cobra venom.[5] Thirty-six genera and 436 species are found in North America, generally in damp places, under logs, in caves and ant nests, in litter, or on foliage. Genera include Rugilus and Trisunius.


  1. ^ Newton, A. F., Jr., M. K. Thayer, J. S. Ashe, and D. S. Chandler. 2001. 22. Staphylinidae Latreille, 1802. pp. 272–418. In: R. H. Arnett, Jr., and M. C. Thomas (eds.). American beetles, Volume 1. CRC Press; Boca Raton, FL. ix + 443 p.
  2. ^ Anlaş, Sinan; I. Ethem Çevik** (2008). "Faunistic studies on Paederinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) in Manisa province, Turkey". Munis Entomology & Zoology. 3 (2): 665–674. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  3. ^ "Paederinae". Fauna Europaea. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  4. ^ Capineira, John L; J. Howard Frank (2008). "Dermatitis linearis". Encyclopedia of entomology. Springer. pp. 1179–. ISBN 978-1-4020-6242-1. The 28 species thus far shown to produce such a toxin belong to three of the 14 genera of Paederina, namely Paederus, Paederidus, and Megalopaederus 
  5. ^ "Ectoparasites". Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp. Retrieved 2007-06-04. 

External links[edit]

  • Paederinae at [1]