Paediatric Glasgow Coma Scale
|Paediatric Glasgow Coma Scale|
|Synonyms||Pediatric Glasgow Coma Score|
|Purpose||assess the level of consciousness of child|
The Paediatric Glasgow Coma Scale (British English) or the Pediatric Glasgow Coma Score (American English) or simply PGCS is the equivalent of the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) used to assess the level of consciousness of child patients. As many of the assessments for an adult patient would not be appropriate for infants, the Glasgow Coma Scale was modified slightly to form the PGCS. As with the GCS, the PGCS comprises three tests: eye, verbal and motor responses. The three values separately as well as their sum are considered. The lowest possible PGCS (the sum) is 3 (deep coma or death) whilst the highest is 15 (fully awake and aware person). The pediatric GCS is commonly used in emergency medical services.
|Eyes||Does not open eyes||Opens eyes in response to painful stimuli||Opens eyes in response to speech||Opens eyes spontaneously||N/A||N/A|
|Verbal||No verbal response||Inconsolable, agitated||Inconsistently inconsolable, moaning||Cries but consolable, inappropriate interactions||Smiles, orients to sounds, follows objects, interacts||N/A|
|Motor||No motor response||Extension to pain (decerebrate response)||Abnormal flexion to pain for an infant (decorticate response)||Infant withdraws from pain||Infant withdraws from touch||Infant moves spontaneously or purposefully|
Best eye response: (E)
- 4. Eyes opening spontaneously
- 3. Eye opening to speech
- 2. Eye opening to pain
- 1. No eye opening or response
Best verbal response: (V)
- 5. Smiles, oriented to sounds, follows objects, interacts.
- 4. Cries but consolable, inappropriate interactions.
- 3. Inconsistently inconsolable, moaning.
- 2. Inconsolable, agitated.
- 1. No verbal response.
Best motor responses: (M)
- 6. Infant moves spontaneously or purposefully
- 5. Infant withdraws from touch
- 4. Infant withdraws from pain
- 3. Abnormal flexion to pain for an infant (decorticate response)
- 2. Extension to pain (decerebrate response)
- 1. No motor response
Any combined score of less than eight represents a significant risk of mortality.
- Merck Manual. "Modified Glasgow Coma Scale for Infants and Children". Retrieved 2008-05-03.