Paedocypris progenetica

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Paedocypris progenetica
Paedocypris progenetica 001.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Danioninae
Genus: Paedocypris
Species: P. progenetica
Binomial name
Paedocypris progenetica
Kottelat, Britz, H. H. Tan & K. E. Witte, 2006[1]

Paedocypris progenetica is a tiny species of cyprinid fish endemic to the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Bintan where it is found in peat swamps and blackwater streams.[1]

It is the smallest known fish in the world, with females reaching a maximum standard length of 10.3 mm (0.41 in), males 9.8 mm (0.39 in) and the smallest known mature specimen, a female, measuring only 7.9 mm (0.31 in).[2] It held the record for the smallest known vertebrate until the frog Paedophryne amauensis was formally described in January 2012.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kottelat, Maurice; Britz, Ralf; Heok Hui, Tan; Witte, Kai-Erik (2005). "Paedocypris, a new genus of Southeast Asian cyprinid fish with a remarkable sexual dimorphism,comprises the world's smallest vertebrate" (PDF). Proceedings of the Royal Society B. The Royal Society. 273: 895–899. doi:10.1098/rspb.2005.3419. PMC 1560243Freely accessible. PMID 16627273. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2009. Retrieved 26 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Busson, Frédéric; Froese, Rainer (15 November 2011). "Paedocypris progenetica". FishBase. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "World's tiniest frogs found in Papua New Guinea". The Australian. 12 January 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2012.