Paengma Line

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Paengma Line
Overview
Native name 백마선(白馬線)
Type Heavy rail, Regional rail
Status Operational
Locale North P'yŏngan
Termini Yŏmju
South Sinŭiju
Stations 7
Operation
Opened 5 November 1905
1 April 1908 (Passenger service)
Owner Korean State Railway
Operator(s) Korean State Railway
Technical
Line length 39.6 km (24.6 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Minimum radius 400 m (1,300 ft)
Maximum incline 13‰
Route map

DPRK-Paengma Line.png

P'yŏngŭi Line
0.0 Yŏmju
P'yŏngŭi Line
Yŏmju-gun/P'ihyŏn-gun
Taebong River
8.7 Ryangch'aek(Ryangch'aek Bearing Factory)
Taebong River
16.5 P'ihyŏn
Ryonggyeri(P'ihyŏn Brick Factory)
Taebong River
Ponghwa Chemical Complex
25.8 Paengma
underground facility
Ponghwa Chemical Complex tank car yard
Ponghwa Chemical Complex
Songhwa Residence (elite)
P'ihyŏn-gun/Sinŭiju-si
37.0 Sŏkha(Sinŭiju Cosmetics Factory)
P'yŏngŭi Line
39.6 South Sinŭiju
Tŏkhyŏn Line
P'yŏngŭi Line
Paengma Line
Chosŏn'gŭl 백마선
Hancha
Revised Romanization Baegma-seon
McCune–Reischauer Paengma-sŏn

The Paengma Line is a non-electrified standard-gauge secondary line of the Korean State Railway in North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Yŏmju on the P'yŏngŭi Line to South Sinŭiju, likewise on the P'yŏngui Line.[1]

The ruling grade of the line is 13‰, and the minimum curve radius is 400 m (1,300 ft). There are 26 bridges with a total length of 1,363 m (4,472 ft), and two tunnels with a total length of 803 m (2,635 ft).[2]

History[edit]

The Namsi (now Yŏmju)—South Sinŭiju stretch of railway was opened on 5 November 1905 as part of the mainline of the Kyŏngŭi Line from Kyŏngsŏng (Seoul) to Sinŭiju. On 16 October 1943, South Sinŭiju Station became a connecting station with the Sinŭiju—YangsiNamsi Yangsi Line, which the Chosen Government Railway had taken over from the privately owned Tasado Railway on 1 April of that year.[3]

After the establishment of the DPRK and the nationalisation of its railways to create the Korean State Railway, the line from Ryongch'ŏn (formerly Yangsi) to Yŏmju (formerly Namsi) remained separate as the Yangsi Line. In 1964 the Korean State Railway decided to make the shorter Yangsi Line the mainline of the P'yŏngui Line, and the former mainline between Yŏmju and South Sinŭiju was separated, becoming the current Paengma Line.

Services[edit]

There is extensive freight traffic on the line, serving the large Ponghwa Chemical Complex at Paengma and several other factories.[2]

A pair of local trains, numbered 418/419, operate between Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn and Yŏmju, running along this line instead of the P'yŏngŭi line.[1] There is also a short branch from Paengma to the private Songhwa Residence.[4]

Route[edit]

A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified.

Distance
(km)
Station Name
(Transcribed)
Station Name
(Chosŏn'gŭl)
Connections
0.0 Yŏmju 염주 P'yŏngŭi Line
8.7 Ryangch'aek 량책
16.5 P'ihyŏn 피현
Ryonggye-ri 룡계리
25.8 Paengma 백마
37.0 Sŏkha 석하
39.6 South Sinŭiju (Namsinŭiju) 남신의주 P'yŏngŭi Line, Tŏkhyŏn Line

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  2. ^ a b North Korea Geographic Information: Transportation Geography - Paengma Line (in Korean)
  3. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa Nr. 4837, 19 March 1943
  4. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/picturegalleries/7782145/A-birds-eye-view-of-the-prisons-and-palaces-of-Kim-Jong-ils-North-Korea.html
  • Ministry of Railways (1937), 鉄道停車場一覧. 昭和12年10月1日現在(The List of the Stations), p485