Paenula

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The paenula was a cloak worn by the Romans, akin to the poncho (i.e. a large piece of material with a hole for the head to go through, hanging in ample folds round the body). This was originally worn only by slaves, soldiers and other people of low degree; in the 3rd century, however, it was adopted by fashionable people as a convenient riding or traveling cloak; and finally, by the sumptuary law of 382 (Codex Theodosianus xiv. 10, 1, de habitu . . . intra urbem) it was prescribed as the proper everyday dress of senators, instead of the military chlamys; thereafter, the toga was reserved for state occasions.[1]

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  1. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainPhillips, Walter Alison (1911). "Vestments" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 1057.