Paeonia daurica subsp. mlokosewitschii

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Paeonia daurica subsp. mlokosewitschii
Paeonia mlokosewitschii.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Paeoniaceae
Genus: Paeonia
Species: P. daurica
Subspecies: P. d. subsp. mlokosewitschii
Trinomial name
Paeonia daurica subsp. mlokosewitschii
(Lomakin) D.Y.Hong
  • Paeonia lagodechiana Kem.-Nath.
  • Paeonia mlokosewitschii Lomakin
  • Paeonia triternata var. mlokosewitschii (Lomakin) Stebbins

Paeonia daurica subsp. mlokosewitschii (golden peony or Caucasian peony) is a peony native to the Caucasus Mountains in Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Dagestan, where it grows on rocky slopes in oak, hornbeam, or beech forests. It was formerly regarded as a separate species, Paeonia mlokosewitschii, but in 2002, the Chinese botanist Hong Deyuan reduced it to a subspecies of Paeonia daurica.

It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing twenty-three to twenty-seven inches (60–70 cm) tall, with biternate, glaucous leaves with obovate lobes. In spring it bears large, single, lemon-yellow flowers five inches (10–12 cm) in diameter, the ovary pubescent, the two to four carpels white, pink or yellow, and the stamen filaments yellow-green.

It was discovered by the Polish botanist Ludwik Mlokosiewicz in 1897, after whom it was named by Aleksandr Lomakin. The plant is sometimes nicknamed "Molly the Witch", a humorous mispronunciation of the species name, which most non-Poles find difficult to pronounce.


  1. ^ Hong, D.-Y. (2010), Peonies of the World, Kew Publishing and Missouri Botanical Garden, p. 176, ISBN 978-1-84246-392-5