This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2008)
|Comune di Pagani|
|• Mayor||Raffaele Maria De Prisco (s. 5.10.2020)|
|• Total||12 km2 (5 sq mi)|
|Elevation||35 m (115 ft)|
|• Density||2,900/km2 (7,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||St. Alphonse|
|Saint day||August 1|
Pagani (Italian: [paˈgani], ('e) Pavane in Neapolitan: [(e) pɑˈvɑːnə]) is a town and comune in Campania, Italy, administratively part of the Province of Salerno, in the region known as the Agro Nocerino Sarnese. Pagani has a population of 35,834, as of 2016.
In the period before the Roman supremacy in southern Italy, Taurania appears to have been the chief town in the valley of the Sarnus, Herculaneum, Pompeii, Stabiae and Surrentum all being dependent upon it. It maintained its allegiance to Rome till 309 BC when it joined the revolted Samnites. In 308 BC it repulsed a Roman attempt to land at the mouth of the Sarnus, but in 307 BC it was besieged and surrendered. Under Romans it was named Barbatianus. It obtained favourable terms, and remained faithful to Rome even after Cannae.
Hannibal reduced it in 216 BC by starvation, and destroyed the town. The inhabitants returned when peace was restored. Even during the Social War it remained true to Rome. In 73 BC it was plundered by Spartacus.
It was united to Nocera Inferiore, and it took the name of Nuceria Paganorum, by the Pagans, a noble family living in the castle of Curtis in Plano (the family could have taken this surname from the pagans/Saracens who previously inhabited the area), in the nowadays Pagani.
Churches and religion
Pagani is home to some well-known churches and basilica, including:
- The Shrine of Saint Mary the Crowned of Mount Carmel (Italian: Santuario di Santa Maria Incoronata del Carmine), commonly known as the Shrine of Our Lady of the Hens (Italian: Santuario della Madonna delle Galline). This Marian shrine hosts the annual Feast of Our Lady of the Hens (Italian: Madonna delle Galline). During this week, people dance in the streets to the tammurriata (or tarantella).
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Pagani (Salerno, Campania, Italy) - Population Statistics and Location in Maps and Charts". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
- "Pagani - Italy: Information and Town Profile". Comuni-Italiani.it. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
Media related to Pagani at Wikimedia Commons