Pagani Huayra

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Pagani Huayra
Pagani, GIMS 2019, Le Grand-Saconnex (GIMS0023).jpg
Pagani Huayra Roadster
Overview
ManufacturerPagani Automobili S.p.A.
Production
  • 2011–2018[1] (Huayra) (100 units)
  • 2017–2019 (Huayra BC) (20 units)
  • 2017–present (Huayra Roadster) (100 units)
  • 2019–2022 (Huayra Roadster BC) (40 units)
  • 2019–2021 (Imola) (5 units)
  • 2020–2022 (Huayra Tricolore) (3 units)
  • 2021–present (Huayra R) (30 units)
  • 2022 (Huayra Codalunga) (5 units)
  • (All the precedent number of units don't include the number of prototypes)
AssemblySan Cesario sul Panaro, Italy
DesignerHoracio Pagani
Body and chassis
ClassSports car (S)
Body style2-door coupe
2-door roadster
LayoutRear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
DoorsGull-wing (coupé)
Butterfly (R)
RelatedPagani Zonda R
Powertrain
Engine5.980 L (364.9 cu in) twin-turbocharged Mercedes-AMG M158 V12
5.987 L (365.3 cu in) Mercedes-Benz AG's HWA AG V12 (Huayra R)
Power output
  • 740 PS (544 kW; 730 hp) (Huayra)
  • 764 PS (562 kW; 754 hp) (Huayra BC)
  • 764 PS (562 kW; 754 hp) (Huayra Roadster)
  • 802 PS (590 kW; 791 hp) (Huayra Roadster BC)
  • 838 PS (616 kW; 827 hp) (Imola)
  • 840 PS (618 kW; 829 hp) (Huayra Tricolore & Huayra Codalunga)
  • 850 PS (625 kW; 838 hp) (Huayra R)
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,795 mm (110.0 in)
Length4,625 mm (182.1 in)
Width2,036 mm (80.2 in)
Height1,169 mm (46.0 in)
Curb weight
  • 1,350 kg (2,976 lb)

    (Huayra)

    [2]
  • 1,218 kg (2,685 lb) (Huayra BC)
  • 1,280 kg (2,822 lb) (Huayra Roadster)
  • 1,250 kg (2,756 lb) (Huayra Roadster BC)
  • 1,246 kg (2,747 lb) (Imola)
  • 1,270 kg (2,800 lb) (Huayra Tricolore)
  • 1,050 kg (2,315 lb) (Huayra R)
Chronology
PredecessorPagani Zonda
SuccessorPagani Utopia

The Pagani Huayra (Italian pronunciation: [ˈwaira]) is a mid-engine sports car produced by Italian sports car manufacturer Pagani, succeeding the company's previous offering, the Zonda. It is named after Wind, like the previous model (Zonda), the word Huayra came from a Quechua which translates to the word for wind.[3] And not related to Huayra Tata.[4][5] The Huayra was named "The Hypercar of the Year 2012" by Top Gear magazine. On 11 February 2015 it was reported that the Pagani Huayra has been sold out. The Huayra was limited to just 100 units as part of Pagani's agreement with engine supplier Mercedes-AMG.[6]

The Pagani Huayra was officially debuted online with several pictures in a press release on 25 January 2011.[5][7][8] The official world debut was at the headquarters of Pirelli in Milan in February 2011.[9]

Specifications[edit]

A Pagani Huayra on display with all user accessible compartments open
Huyara interior at the Pagani Museum
Mercedes-AMG M158 V12 (gearbox side)
Mercedes-AMG M158 V12

The Huayra has a top speed of about 383 km/h (238 mph) and it has a 0-97 km/h (60 mph) acceleration time of 2.8 seconds. Using Pirelli tyres, the Pagani Huayra is capable of 1.66 g of lateral acceleration. [5][10]

The Pagani Huayra uses a seven-speed sequential gearbox and a single disc clutch. The choice not to use a dual-clutch was due to the increase in weight of over 70 kg (154 lb), thus negating any advantage of the faster gear changes in a double-clutch transmission. As a result, the transmission weighs 96 kg (212 lb).[5]

The car is equipped with Brembo brake calipers, rotors and pads. The calipers have four pistons in front and four in the rear. The rotors are drilled carbon ceramic, 380 mm (15.0 in) in diameter and 34 mm (1.3 in) thick.[11]

The Huayra uses a 6.0 L (5,980 cc) twin-turbocharged M158 60° V12 engine developed by Mercedes-AMG specially for the Huayra, which has a power output of 740 PS (544 kW; 730 hp) at 5,800 rpm and 1,000 N⋅m (738 lbf⋅ft) of torque at 2,250-4,500 rpm. The engine has been designed at the request of Pagani to reduce turbo lag and improve response, achieved with smaller turbochargers, a different intercooler configuration and re-programmed ECU settings.

Like many high-performance cars, the Huayra uses dry sump lubrication. This has several key benefits including guaranteeing oil flow even when the car is subjected to extreme lateral acceleration, preventing "oil surge" which allows the engine to operate more efficiently while the lack of an oil pan allows mounting the engine lower, lowering the car's center of gravity and improving handling. The fuel consumption of the Huayra is 10 mpg‑US (23.5 L/100 km; 12.0 mpg‑imp) in city and 14 mpg‑US (16.8 L/100 km; 16.8 mpg‑imp) in highway (EPA testing).

A water / oil heat exchanger reduces engine warm-up times on cold days and helps maintain a stable temperature for refrigerants and lubricants.

To minimise the use of pipes and fittings (and the overall weight of the vehicle), the expansion tank is mounted directly on the engine. Intercooler fins act as an expansion tank circuit at low temperatures.

The titanium exhaust system was designed and built by MHG-Fahrzeugtechnik.[10] Hydroformed joints were developed to reduce back pressure and ensure a free flow exhaust. Titanium reduces the weight of the exhaust system while the Inconel silencers improve reliability in the most exposed parts of the exhaust at high temperatures. The entire system weighs less than 10 kg (22 lb).

Aerodynamics[edit]

A Huayra's aerodynamic flaps in action

The Pagani Huayra is different from its predecessor in that it incorporates active aerodynamics. It is capable of changing the height of the front from the ground and independently operating four flaps placed at the rear and front of the car. The behavior of the flaps is managed by a dedicated control unit that is fed information from systems such as the ABS and ECU, which pass on information about the car's speed, yaw rate, lateral acceleration, steering angle and throttle position.[12] This is intended to achieve minimal drag coefficient or maximum downforce depending on the situation.[5] The Huayra's designer Horacio Pagani states that it has a variable drag coefficient of between .31 and .37.[13] The system also prevents excess body roll in the corners by raising the "inside" flaps (i.e. the left ones in a left-handed corner and vice versa), increasing the downforce on that side of the car. The rear flaps also act as an airbrake. Under hard braking, both the front suspension and the two rear flaps are raised to counter-act weight transfer to the front wheels and keep the whole car stable, for instance when entering a corner.[12] Air from the radiator is extracted through an arch in the bonnet at an angle that is designed not to affect the streamline around the body. The side air intakes behind the front wheels create a low pressure zone, resulting in downforce.

Model variants[edit]

The removable hard top roof of the Huayra Roadster on a special-made rolling frame

Huayra BC[edit]

Huayra BC

The Huayra BC is a track focused version of the Huayra which was unveiled at the 2016 Geneva Motor Show. The Huayra BC is named after the late Benny Caiola, a friend of Horacio Pagani, and the first Pagani customer. The Huayra BC has an improved version of the standard Huayra's 6.0 L twin-turbocharged V12 engine having a power output of 764 PS (562 kW; 754 hp) @5900 rpm as well as 1,000 N⋅m (738 lbf⋅ft) @ 2500-5600 rpm of torque.[14] The dry weight is reduced by 132 kg (291 lb) to just 1,218 kg (2,685 lb), thanks to the use of a new material called 'carbon triax' which Pagani claims is 50% lighter and 20% stronger than regular carbon fibre, giving the car a power-to-weight ratio of 1.62 kg (3.57 lb) per horsepower. The Huayra BC comes with a lighter titanium exhaust system, new aluminum alloy wheels, and a stripped out interior. The tires are Pirelli P-Zero Corsas that feature 12 different rubber compounds, and the suspension and wishbones are made of aeronautical grade aluminum, known as Avional. The Huayra BC also has a new front bumper with a front splitter and winglets, deeper side skirts, and an air diffuser that stretches the entire width of the rear bumper with a large rear wing. The car could be ordered with an optional roof scoop. All of the exterior components in the car are used to optimize downforce and drag. The Huayra BC uses an Xtrac 7-speed sequential manual transmission. Pagani has stuck with a single-clutch gearbox because it weighs 40% less than double-clutch gearboxes.

Pagani planned to make 20 units of the Huayra BC, which were all sold out.[15][16] In reality, Pagani drastically overproduced the Huayra BC, producing 30 units instead of the promised 20, to the irritation of some owners.

Huayra Roadster[edit]

Pagani Huayra Roadster

After 2 years of development, the Huayra Roadster was officially unveiled at the 2017 Geneva Motor Show.[17]

The over-all appearance of the car has changed, with the most obvious being the removable top (hence the Roadster name). This part of the vehicle is also its key element. The design of the rear is also different, with new eyelid-like fixed flaps that continue with the design and eventually end on the rear lights. The rear engine cover also has a new shape to adapt to the roadster form and now has vents for efficient cooling. The wheels are unique and specifically constructed for the car. The car has conventional doors instead of the Gull-wing doors of the coupé as they are impossible to fit on an open top car while maintaining the low weight.

The vehicle utilises the same twin-turbocharged M158 V12 engine as the coupé, but it now has a total power output of 764 PS (562 kW; 754 hp) at 6,200 rpm and 1,000 N⋅m (738 lbf⋅ft) of torque at 2,400 rpm. All of this power is delivered to the rear wheels via a 7-speed automated manual transmission by Xtrac. The car now uses a hydraulic and electronic activation system with carbon synchronizers. Bosch has also contributed in the construction of the car and the car uses their ECU system. The weight is now 70 kg (154 lb) lighter, for a total of 1,280 kg (2,820 lb), making it the first roadster lighter than the coupe version. Only 100 will be made, all of which have already been sold.[17] The tyre supplier is Pirelli, with P-Zero tyres. The tyre have a white narrow outline, resembling those of an F1 race car. Pagani has also used a new material for the Roadster called carbon triax, which is a tri-axis fiberglass meshed with carbon-fibre power bands.

Pagani states that the car produces 816 kg (1,800 lb) of downforce or 1.8 lateral G-force. However, this figure is unproven, but if true, Pagani will have set a new record.[18]

Huayra Roadster BC[edit]

Huayra Roadster BC
Pagani Huayra Roadster BC at Milano Monza Motor Show 2021

Introduced in July 2019, the Huayra Roadster BC, often mistakenly called the Huayra BC Roadster, is the track-oriented version of the Roadster. It shares few aerodynamic parts as present on the BC and has a modified version of the 6.0-litre twin-turbocharged V12 engine rated at 802 PS (590 kW; 791 hp) and 1,050 N⋅m (774.5 lb⋅ft) of torque. The 7-speed Xtrac sequential gearbox with single clutch used on the roadster is 35% lighter than a contemporary dual-clutch gearbox. The Huayra Roadster BC sits at 1,250 kg (2,756 lb) which is slightly heavier than the coupe, with a dry weight of 1,217 kg (2,683 lb). It is 30 kg (66 lb) lighter than the Huayra Roadster 1,280 kg (2,822 lb). The monocoque of the Roadster BC is constructed of carbon-titanium HP62 material to keep weight low and make the construction rigid. The Roadster BC is claimed to generate 500 kg (1,102 lb) of downforce at 280 km/h (174 mph) due to its large fixed rear wing and aerodynamic elements. In addition to movable active Aero elements, the titanium exhaust incorporates flaps in the catalytic converters to divert exhaust gases over the underfloor elements like a Formula 1 car's blown diffuser. Production of the Huayra Roadster BC will be limited to 40 units only.[19][20]

Imola[edit]

Huayra Imola

The Imola is named after the Autodromo Internazionale Enzo e Dino Ferrari (Imola Circuit), where it underwent 16,000km of high-speed testing. It is the most powerful street-legal variant of the Huayra, using the same Mercedes-AMG V12 tuned to 838 PS (827 hp; 616 kW) and 1,100 N⋅m (811 lb⋅ft).[21] Weight saving measures such as a new carbon fibre blend and lightweight paint application have reduced the Imola's dry weight to 1,246 kg (2,747 lb).[22] Exterior changes from the standard Huayra include a large seven-section diffuser, a large roof scoop, a shark fin, more pronounced side skirts and a wide fixed rear wing with an integrated stoplight.[23][24] Six Imola were built: 5 for customers and 1 prototype for Horacio Pagani.

Huayra Tricolore[edit]

The Huayra Tricolore, was built to celebrate the 60th Anniversary of Frecce Tricolori, Italy's aerobatic team.

The Tricolore uses a twin-turbo 6.0-liter V12 engine sourced from Mercedes-AMG which has been tuned to produce 829 horsepower and 811 pound-feet of torque, which is 38bhp and 37lb ft more than the power and torque produced by a standard Huayra BC engine.[25] The car is only available in roadster form and shares much of the bodywork of the Roadster BC. It is unpainted except for a clear blue lacquer, and red, white, and green stripes from the nose along the top of the car's surface. Inside, the Tricolore is equipped with white and blue leather seats with Italian flag stripes, and the Tricolori logo is embroidered into the headrests. The Pitot tube mounted on the nose of the car, a metal measuring device that's typically uses on planes to measure air speed, is a unique feature of the Tricolore.[26]

The production is limited to three customer units as its predecessor and priced at €5,500,000+taxes ($6.7 Million+taxes) each.[27][28] In reality, there will be four Huayra Tricolore: 3 customer cars and 1 prototype owned by the company. The first two customer cars have been delivered, as of early 2022. One car went to a customer in Stuttgart, Germany, while another went to a customer in Wisconsin, USA (but delivered through Pagani of Dallas).

Huayra R[edit]

Pagani Huayra R at Milano Monza Motor Show 2021.
Rear View of Huayra R

In March 2021, Pagani introduced the Huayra R, a track-only version of the Huayra and the successor of the Pagani Zonda R. The Huayra R uses the "Pagani V12-R", a version of the 6.0 L naturally aspirated Mercedes-Benz V12 engine built from the ground up by HWA AG[29] to produce 850 PS (625 kW; 838 hp) at 8,250 rpm as well as 750 N⋅m (553 lbf⋅ft) of torque at 5,500 rpm to 8300 rpm, and a redline at 9,000 rpm.[30] The Huarya R has a 6-speed sequential transmission newly developed for the car, and various weight saving measures have resulted in a lower dry weight of 1,050 kg (2,315 lb).[31]

Pagani plans a limited 30-car production run for the Huayra R, similar to the limited 15-car production run of the track-only version of the Pagani Zonda, the Zonda R.[32] It will cost €2.6mln + taxes (around $3.1mln + taxes).

Huayra Codalunga[edit]

Huayra Codalunga at the Goodwood Festival of Speed 2022.

On June 16, 2022, Pagani introduced the Huayra Codalunga, a 5 units limited version of the Huayra, to pay homage to the lines of racecars from the 1960s, like the Porsche 917 (Horacio's favorite car). Prices started at €7mln+tax (around $7.36mln+tax) with all 5 units being sold before its unveiling. This car was the result of a special project by Pagani Grandi Complicazioni.[33]

"One-off" special editions[edit]

Pagani has developed several special editions of the Huayra upon customer request.

Carbon Edition[edit]

Huayra Carbon Edition on display

The first special edition was the Pagani Huayra Carbon Edition, unveiled in 2012, along with the White Edition.[34] It features a full carbon fibre body, wheels and interior trim, hence the "carbon" part of the name. The interior features red leather upholstery and carbon fibre inserts. The specifications are the same as the standard Huayra.

White Edition[edit]

Huayra White Edition.

The White Edition was unveiled in 2012, along with the Carbon Edition.[35] The car features a white and black carbon fibre exterior, a white and black interior, and aluminum wheels.

La Monza Lisa[edit]

Huayra Monza Lisa

This special edition Huayra, called "La Monza Lisa" was built for well known car collector Kris Singh.[36] The car is chassis number 60. It features tricolore racing stripes and side stripes inspired by the Zonda Revolucion, and a bright red interior with white stitching inspired by a Zonda F Roadster. At the customer's request, Pagani also reengineered the firewall behind the occupants to be finished in a mixture of matte and gloss fully exposed carbon fibre for visual effect as well as to pass more engine vibration through to the carbon fibre seats. La Monza Lisa also features a one-off exhaust system and bespoke turbochargers built by Michael Kübler and Mercedes-AMG.[37]

730S "Da Vinci"[edit]

Huayra 730S (now known as Da Vinci) on the road

The 730S special edition was unveiled at the AutoGallery of Beverly Hills in February 2015.[38] Most of the car's specifications are heavily inspired from the Zonda Tricolore. The car was specially built for Alejandro Salomon (a.k.a. Salomondrin), a Mexican-American entrepreneur, former film producer and YouTube personality.

The car was later sold to David Lee, an American jewellery salesman and Ferrari collector,[39] due to Salomondrin's complaints after driving it for a year.[40] The car was later renamed "Da Vinci" by Lee after his purchase and was upgraded with the Tempesta package.

Huayra BC Kingtasma[edit]

Huayra BC Kingtasma with roof scoop

A Pagani Huayra BC, finished in red carbon fibre, was delivered to the United States and is dubbed "Kingtasma" by the owner. The Kingtasma is one of only four Pagani Huayra BC models equipped with a roof scoop, it is also the only Huayra BC fitted with a cup holder from the factory. It also features gold carbon fibre crowns on the underside of both of the rear flaps. The Huayra BC Kingtasma is owned by an American real estate tycoon from the east coast of the United States. The owner, same father-son duo, also own the Pagani Huayra called "The King".[41]

Huayra BC Macchina Volante[edit]

Huayra BC Macchina Volante

Collector Kris Singh had commissioned a special BC called "Macchina Volante" (the Flying Machine)[42] which is named after a project Leonardo De Vinci had been working on before he passed. The car features blue carbon fiber inspired by the Zonda Kiryu, unique Zonda mirrors, air chimneys on the rear fender taken from the Zonda R, and a bespoke rear wing. The interior features a tartan fabric, which is inspired by the same seating material used in the Mercedes-Benz W196 race car. [43] Upon delivery of the car, Kris Singh was reportedly upset at some small details not being as he specified. Angry at Pagani, he did not drive the car much and later sold it. It now resides in Columbus, Ohio under the ownership of The Triple F Collection.

Pearl[edit]

Huayra Pearl

The Huayra Pearl, unveiled in May 2016, is a special edition of the Huayra. It features the split rear wing inspired by the Zonda C12, and the roof air scoop inspired by the Zonda Cinque. Like the Carbon Edition and Da Vinci, the car has an exposed carbon fibre body finished in a dark blue colour. It was involved in an accident in Paris in July 2016[44] but was rebuilt again by the factory in 2017 with an upgraded engine. It shares many components with the Huayra BC and the Zonda R including the suspension, gearbox, top mounted air intake and the motorsport derived carbo-titanium monocoque which reduces weight by 132 kg (291 lb) less than before. The rebuild took 24 months to complete.[45] The car crashed again in December 2021 in Saudi Arabia.[46]

Dinastia[edit]

Pagani Huayra Dinastia

The Huayra Dinastia was a special edition of three Huayra coupés revealed to the public in 2016. Horacio Pagani's inspiration for this car came from the Nine-Dragon Wall in China. Three cars were initially planned to be built and sold, but after October 2016, based on the request of customers and after the research proving that the purple and red are in the same colour family (shades of magenta), the Red has been replaced with the Purple. Each unit also has a certain livery. The design of the car reflects Horacio's visit with each unit's livery design resembling one of the dragons on the wall, and it also has an aerodynamic fin on the rear, mostly likely to resemble a dragon's tail.

The liveries of the cars are:

  • Blue carbon livery (Baxia, the water dragon)
  • Purple carbon livery (Yazi, the warrior dragon)
  • Gold carbon livery (Chiwen, the protective dragon of fire and rain)

Mechanically, the Dinastia is identical to the normal Pagani Huayra however, Pagani has installed a lighter titanium exhaust system, new 21-inch forged aluminium alloy wheels, a new front splitter and winglets, deeper side skirts, and an additional rear fin to help the air stream to minimize drag.

Hermès Edition[edit]

The Huayra Hermès Edition, unveiled in 2016, is a special edition Huayra owned by Iranian-American millionaire Manny Khoshbin. It features the Tempesta package as well as coffee brown colored exposed carbon fiber bodywork and a matching custom caramel leather interior designed by Hermès, and handmade and stitched at their factory in Paris. Other changes include a custom Hermès shift knob, intake grates with laser cut "H" pattern reminiscent of their logo, and a set of matching Huayra luggage bags.[47][48][49]

Lampo[edit]

Huayra Lampo

In December 2017, Pagani introduced the Huayra Lampo in partnership with Lapo Elkann of Garage Italia Customs. The car is inspired by the Fiat Turbina concept introduced in 1954. This particular Huayra gets the ‘Tempesta’ pack too: larger front openings, plus new aero elements on the front splitter and sills. The car is chassis number 68.[50]

Jeden[edit]

Huayra Jeden

The Huayra Jeden (Polish for "one") is inspired by the Pagani Zonda Cinque. The car was delivered to a US customer in Connecticut.

Cento[edit]

Huayra Cento

The Huayra Cento (Italian for "hundred") is a special edition in blue and black bare carbon fiber.

L'Ultimo[edit]

Huayra L'Ultimo
Rear view

The L'Ultimo is the final Huayra coupé built for a US based customer. The car's chassis number is #141. It features the same mechanical components as a normal Huayra coupé but features many bespoke parts unique to the car, such as the Pacchetto Tempesta aerodynamics package, a roof scoop inspired by the Zonda R and a bespoke rear wing. The paint work is also unique and takes inspiration from the Mercedes-AMG Formula One team’s cars. The interior is also in contrast with the exterior colour and features white leather seats with turquoise floor mats and centre console.[1]

NC[edit]

Based off a Huayra BC Coupé with an upgraded engine and roof scoop inspired by the Zonda Cinque, 760s and one-offs, delivered to a customer in New York, USA.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Media[edit]

References[edit]

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