Pagani Huayra

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Pagani Huayra
The blue one (9252134362).jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Pagani Automobili S.p.A.
Production 2012–2018[1]
2017–present (roadster)
2017–present (BC)
Assembly Modena, Italy
Designer Horacio Pagani
Body and chassis
Class Sports car (S)
Body style 2-door coupe
2-door roadster
Layout RMR layout
Powertrain
Engine 370 cu in (6.0 L) AMG bi-turbo M158 V12
Power output 730 PS (537 kW; 720 hp) (coupe)
764 PS (562 kW; 754 hp) (roadster)
755 PS (555 kW; 745 hp) (BC)
Transmission 7-speed sequential
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,795 mm (110.0 in)
Length 4,605 mm (181.3 in)
Width 2,036 mm (80.2 in)
Height 1,169 mm (46.0 in)
Curb weight 1,350 kg (2,980 lb) (dry)
1,697 kg (3,741 lb) (wet)
1,280 kg (2,820 lb) (Roadster)
1,218 kg (2,685 lb) (Huayra BC)
Chronology
Predecessor Pagani Zonda

The Pagani Huayra (Italian pronunciation: [ˈwai̯ra]) is an Italian mid-engined sports car produced by Pagani. Succeeding the company's previous offering, the Zonda, it had a base price of €850,000. It is named after Huayra-tata, a Quechua wind god.[2][3] The Huayra was named "The Hypercar of the Year 2012" by Top Gear magazine and received a very positive review when tested by Richard Hammond on Top Gear. On February 11, 2015 it was reported that the Pagani Huayra has been sold out. The Huayra was limited to just 100 units as part of Pagani's agreement with engine supplier Mercedes-AMG.[4]

The Pagani Huayra was officially debuted online with several pictures in a press release on January 25, 2011.[3][5][6] The official world debut was at the 2011 Geneva Motor Show held in March.[7]

Performance[edit]

An "exploded" Pagani Huayra on display at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show.

The Huayra uses a twin-turbocharged 6.0 L (5,980 cc) M158 V12 engine developed by Mercedes-AMG specially for the Huayra, which produces 730 PS (720 bhp; 537 kW) at 5800 rpm and 1,000 N⋅m (738 lbf⋅ft) of torque at 2250-4500 rpm.[8] Its top speed is about 238 mph (383 km/h) and it has a 0-60 mph (97 km/h) acceleration time of 2.8 seconds. Using Pirelli tires, the Pagani Huayra is capable of withstanding 1.66 g of lateral acceleration at speeds of up to 230 mph (370 km/h).[3][9]

The Pagani Huayra uses a seven-speed sequential gearbox and a single disc clutch.[3] The choice not to use a dual-clutch in an oil bath was due to the increase in weight of over 70 kg (154 lb), thus negating any advantage of the faster gear changes in a double-clutch transmission.[3] As a result, the entire transmission weighs 96 kg (212 lb).[3]

The car is equipped with Brembo brake calipers, rotors and pads. The calipers have four pistons in front and four in the rear. The rotors are drilled carbon ceramic, 380 mm (15.0 in) in diameter and 34 mm (1.3 in) thick.[10]

Pagani Huayra has a power to weight ratio of 1.85 kg (4.08 lb) per horsepower.

Engine[edit]

Mercedes-Benz's AMG division provides the engine of the Huayra which is hand-built. The 6.0 L (5,980 cc) twin-turbo AMG M158 60° V12, has been designed at the request of Pagani to reduce turbo lag and improve response, realized with smaller turbos, a different intercooler configuration and re-programmed ECU settings.

Like many high-performance cars, the Huayra uses dry sump lubrication. This has several key benefits including guaranteeing oil flow even when the car is subjected to extreme lateral acceleration, preventing "oil surge" which allows the engine to operate more efficiently while the lack of an oil pan allows mounting the engine lower, lowering the car's center of gravity and improving handling. The fuel consumption of the Huayra is 10 mpg‑US (23.5 L/100 km; 12.0 mpg‑imp) in city and 14 mpg‑US (16.8 L/100 km; 16.8 mpg‑imp) in highway (EPA testing).

A water / oil heat exchanger reduces engine warm-up times on cold days and helps maintain a stable temperature for refrigerants and lubricants.

To minimize the use of pipes and fittings (and the overall weight of the vehicle), the expansion tank is mounted directly on the engine. Intercooler fins act as an expansion tank circuit at low temperatures.

The titanium exhaust system was designed and built by MHG-Fahrzeugtechnik.[9] Hydroformed joints were developed to reduce back pressure and ensure a free flow exhaust. Titanium reduces the weight of the exhaust system while the Inconel silencers improve reliability in the most exposed parts of the exhaust at high temperatures. The entire system weighs less than 10 kg (22 lb).

Aerodynamics[edit]

Pagani Huayra at the 2014 Goodwood Festival of Speed.

The Pagani Huayra is different from its predecessor in that it incorporates active aerodynamics.[3] It is capable of changing the height of the front from the ground and independently operating four flaps placed at the rear and front of the car.[3] The behavior of the flaps is managed by a dedicated control unit that is fed information from systems such as the ABS and ECU, which pass on information about the car's speed, yaw rate, lateral acceleration, steering angle and throttle position.[11] This is intended to achieve minimal drag coefficient or maximum downforce depending on the situation.[3] The Huayra's designer Horacio Pagani states that it has a variable drag coefficient of between .31 and .37.[12] The system also prevents excess body roll in the corners by raising the "inside" flaps (i.e. the left ones in a left-handed corner and vice versa), increasing the downforce on that side of the car. The rear flaps also act as an airbrake. Under hard braking, both the front suspension and the two rear flaps are raised to counteract weight transfer to the front wheels and keep the whole car stable, for instance when entering a corner.[11] Air from the radiator is extracted through an arch in the bonnet at an angle that is designed not to affect the streamline around the body. The side air intakes behind the front wheels create a low pressure zone, resulting in downforce.

Variants[edit]

Huayra Roadster[edit]

Pagani Huayra Roadster at the 2017 Geneva Motor Show.
The removable hard top roof of the Huayra Roadster on a special-made rolling frame.

After 2 years of development, the Huayra Roadster was officially unveiled in the 2017 Geneva Motor Show.[13]

The over-all appearance of the car has changed, with the most obvious being the open top (hence the Roadster name). This part of the vehicle is also its key element. The design of the rear is also different, with new eyelid-like fixed flaps that continue with the design and eventually end on the rear lights. The rear engine cover also has a new shape to adapt to the roadster form and now has now has vents for efficient cooling. The wheels are unique and specifically constructed for the car. The car has conventional doors instead of the Gull-wing doors of the coupé as they are impossible to fit on an open top car.

The vehicle utilises the same twin-turbo M158 V12 engine as the coupé, but now has a total of 764 PS (562 kW; 754 hp) at 6200 rpm and 1,000 N⋅m (740 lb⋅ft) of torque at 2400 rpm. All of this power is delivered to the rear wheels via an all-new 7-speed automatic manual transmission by Xtrac. The car now uses a hydraulic and electronic activation system with carbon synchronizers. Bosch has also contributed in the construction of the car and the car uses their ECU system. The weight is now 70 kilograms lighter, for a total of 1,280 kg (2,820 lb), making it the first roadster lighter than the coupe version. Only 100 will be made, all of which have already been sold.[13] The tyre supplier is Pirelli, with P-Zero tyres. The tyre have a white narrow outline, resembling those of an F1 race car. Pagani has also used a new material for the Roadster called carbon triax, which is a tri-axis fiberglass meshed with carbon-fibre power bands.

Pagani says that the car produces 820 kilograms (1,800 lb) of downforce or 1.8 lateral G-force. However, this figure is unproven, but if true, Pagani will have set a new record.[14]

Huayra BC[edit]

Pagani Huayra BC.

The Huayra BC is an extreme, track focused version of the Huayra which was unveiled at the 2016 Geneva Motor Show. The Huayra BC is named after the late Benny Caiola, a friend of Horacio Pagani, and the first Pagani customer. The Huayra BC has an improved version of the standard Huayra's 6.0 L twin-turbo V12 engine, producing 755 PS (555 kW; 745 hp) as well as 1,100 N⋅m (810 lb⋅ft) of torque.[15] The dry weight is reduced by 132 kg (291 lb) to just 1,218 kg (2,685 lb), thanks to the use of a new material called 'carbon triax' which Pagani claims is 50% lighter and 20% stronger than regular carbon fibre, giving the car a power-to-weight ratio of 1.62 kg (3.57 lb) per horsepower. The Huayra BC comes with a lighter titanium exhaust system, new aluminum alloy wheels, and a stripped out interior. The tires are Pirelli P-Zero Corsas that feature 12 different rubber compounds, and the suspension and wishbones are made of aeronautical grade aluminum, known as Avional. The Huayra BC also has a new front bumper with a front splitter and winglets, deeper side skirts, and an air diffuser that stretches the entire width of the rear bumper with a large rear wing. All of the exterior components in the car are used to optimize downforce and drag. The Huayra BC uses an all-new Xtrac 7-speed sequential manual transmission. Pagani has stuck with a single-clutch gearbox because it weighs 40% less than double-clutch gearboxes.

All 20 units of the €2.1 million Huayra BC coupé have been sold out, and orders are already stacking for the BC roadster.[16][17]

Special editions[edit]

Pagani has made several special edition Huayras.

Carbon Edition[edit]

Pagani Huayra Carbon Edition on display.

The first special edition was the Pagani Huayra Carbon Edition, unveiled in 2012, along with the White Edition.[18] It features a full carbon fiber build on the wheels, body, and most of the interior, hence the "carbon" part of the name. The interior features red leather wrapping and carbon fiber inserts. The specifications are the same as the standard Huayra.

White Edition[edit]

Pagani Huayra White Edition.

The White Edition was unveiled in 2012, along with the Carbon Edition.[19] The car features a white and carbon fiber exterior, a white and black interior, and aluminum wheels.

La Monza Lisa[edit]

This special edition Huayra, called "La Monza Lisa", is a special edition of the Huayra that was built for well known car collector Kris Singh.[20] It features tricolore racing stripes and side stripes inspired by the Zonda Revolucion, and a bright red interior with white stitching inspired by a Zonda F Roadster. At the customer's request, Pagani also reengineered the firewall behind the occupants to be finished in a mixture of matte and gloss fully exposed carbon fiber, for visual effect as well as to pass more engine vibration through to the carbon fiber seat backs, per the customer's request. La Monza Lisa also features a one-off exhaust system and custom turbos built by Michael Kübler and Mercedes-AMG.[21]

730S "Da Vinci"[edit]

Pagani Huayra 730S (now known as Da Vinci) on the road.

The 730S special edition was unveiled at the AutoGallery of Beverly Hills in February 2015.[22] Most of the car's specifications are heavily inspired from the Zonda Tricolore. The car was specially built for Alejandro Salomon (a.k.a. Salomondrin), a Mexican-American entrepreneur, former film producer and YouTube personality.

The car was later sold to David Lee, a jewelry & watch tycoon and a well known Ferrari collector[23], due to Salomondrin's complaints after driving it for a year.[24][25] The car was later renamed "Da Vinci" by Lee after his purchase and was upgraded with the Tempesta package, and was featured on Jay Leno's Garage.

Huayra BC Kingtasma[edit]

A Pagani Huayra BC, finished in red carbon fiber, was delivered to the United States and is dubbed "Kingtasma" by the owner. Kingtasma is one of only four Pagani Huayra BCs equipped with a roof scoop, it is also the only Huayra BC fitted with a cup holder from the factory, and not only that but it also features gold carbon fiber crowns on the underside of both of the rear flaps. The Huayra BC Kingtasma is owned by an American real estate tycoon from Glastonbury, Connecticut, USA. The owner and his son often show off the car on their social media pages and that same father-son duo also own the Pagani Huayra dubbed "The King".[26]

Pearl[edit]

The Huayra Pearl, unveiled in May 2016, was another special edition of the Huayra. It features the split rear wing inspired by the old Pagani Zonda C12 cars, and the roof air scoop inspired by the Pagani Zonda Cinque. Like the Carbon Edition and Da vinci, the car is on a woven carbon fiber body. It was involved in an accident in Paris in July 2016[27] but was rebuilt again by the factory in 2017 with an upgraded engine now producing 1,350 PS (1,332 hp), making it the most powerful Pagani Huayra ever made. It can accelerate from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) in 2.2 seconds and has a top speed in excess of 380 km/h (236 mph). It shares many components with the Huayra BC and the Zonda R including the suspension, gearbox, top mounted air intake and the motorsport derived carbo-titanium monocoque due to which it weighs 132 kg (291 lb) less than before. The rebuild took 24 months to complete and the car is currently on sale at a dealership in Dubai. [28]

Dinastia[edit]

The Huayra Dinastia was a special edition of three Huayra coupés revealed to the public in 2016. Horacio Pagani's inspiration for this car came from the Nine-Dragon Wall in China. There were originally going to be 3 units of this car being sold, but after October 2016, based on the request of customers and after the research proving that the purple and red are in the same colour family (shades of magenta), the Red has been replaced with the Purple. Each unit will also have a certain livery. The design of the car reflects Horacio's visit with each unit's livery design resembling one of the dragons on the wall, and it also has an aerodynamic fin on the rear, mostly likely to resemble a dragon's tail.

The liveries of the cars are:

  • Blue carbon livery (Baxia, the water dragon)
  • Purple carbon livery (Yazi, the warrior dragon)
  • Gold carbon livery (Chiwen, the protective dragon of fire and rain)

Mechanically, the Dinastia is identical to the normal Pagani Huayra however, Pagani has installed a lighter titanium exhaust system, new 21" forged aluminum alloy wheels, a new front splitter and winglets, deeper side skirts, and an additional rear fin to help the air stream to minimize drag.

II Ultimo[edit]

The II Ultimo is the final Huayra coupé built for a US based customer. It features the same mechanical components as a normal Huayra coupé but features many bespoke parts unique to the car, such as the pachetto tempesta aerodynamic package, a roof scoop inspired by the Zonda R and a bespoke rear wing. The paint work is also unique and takes inspiration from Formula One driver Lewis Hamilton's F1 car. The interior is also in contrast with the exterior colour and features white leather seats with turquoise floor mats and centre console.[1]

Media[edit]

  • The Huayra also appears in the Jalopnik January DLC Car Pack for Forza Motorsport 4 along with other cars like the Ford Pinto, the Alfa Romeo Montreal and seven others. While all other cars in the pack can be purchased individually the Pagani Huayra can only be obtained by purchasing the whole pack.
  • A fictionalized version, branded the Pegassi Osiris, is included in the Ill Gotten Gains: Part 1 DLC update of Grand Theft Auto Online which was released on June 10, 2015.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sean Szymkowski (11 April 2018). "Final Pagani Huayra coupe enters production". Motor Authority. Retrieved 3 May 2018. 
  2. ^ "Italy's $1.6 Million Pagani Huayra Supercar". Fox News. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Pagani Huayra makes its official web debut". Autoblog. 2011-01-25. Retrieved 2011-01-25. . See especially "Press Release".
  4. ^ "Pagani Huayra Sold Out! Roadster Coming in 2016". gtspirit.com. 
  5. ^ "Pagani Huayra 2011 Pictures and Press Release". DieselStation. 2011-02-15. Retrieved 2011-02-15. 
  6. ^ "Pagani Huayra arrives this year". CoverCars. 2011-01-26. Archived from the original on 2011-04-12. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ "Future Pagani caught testing in videos – AutoWeek Magazine". Autoweek.com. Retrieved 2011-01-24. 
  8. ^ "2011 Pagani Huayra". carfolio.com. February 28, 2013. Retrieved July 31, 2018. 
  9. ^ a b Neil, Dan (August 11, 2012). "Pagani Huayra: If Da Vinci Made a Sports Car". The Wall Street Journal. p. D11. 
  10. ^ "HUAYRA - Brembo Brakes". Brembo.com. Archived from the original on 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2013-12-09. 
  11. ^ a b "Pagani Huayra images and press release". Netcarshow.com. 2011-02-14. Retrieved 2011-02-18. 
  12. ^ "Horacio Pagani's Huayra interview with Jay Leno". jaylenosgarage.com. 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  13. ^ a b Adams, Lawrence (2017-03-07). "Geneva 2017: Pagani Huayra Roadster". GTspirit. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  14. ^ Barlow, Jason. "The Pagani Huayra Roadster pulls a record-breaking 1.8G". British GQ. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ "First drive: the hardcore Pagani Huayra BC". Top Gear. 2016-02-18. Retrieved 2017-01-07. 
  17. ^ Ronan Glon (2016-02-19). "Pagani's insane Huayra BC boasts more power, more carbon fiber, and a more muscular look". News.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2017-01-07. 
  18. ^ "2012 Pagani Huayra Carbon Edition". topspeed.com. 
  19. ^ "2012 Pagani Huayra White Edition". topspeed.com. 
  20. ^ "Pagani Huayra La Monza Lisa". AutomobilesReview.com. 21 August 2014. Archived from the original on 27 February 2015. 
  21. ^ "Kris Singh's Pagani Huayra La Monza Lisa Delivered". gtspirit.com. 
  22. ^ "One Off Pagani Huayra 730S Reached The States And It Shines There". gearheads.org. 
  23. ^ Fleming, Charles. "He owns a dozen Ferraris and has loads of cash. Why can't he buy the elusive $2.2-million LaFerrari Aperta?". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2017-08-16. 
  24. ^ "THE TRUTH ABOUT WHY I SOLD MY PAGANI HUAYRA 730S! #LTACY - Episode 56". youtube.com. 
  25. ^ "Alejandro Salomondrin Sells His Huayra 730S To David Lee". thesupercarblog.com. 
  26. ^ [2]
  27. ^ Login. "Beautiful blue Pagani Huayra Pearl crashes hard in Paris". Autoblog. Retrieved 2017-01-07. 
  28. ^ "Rebuilt Pagani Huayra Pearl". carbuzz. 2017-05-22. Retrieved 2017-11-23. 
  29. ^ "Pagani Huayra exclusive to Need for Speed | PC News". New Game Network. Retrieved 2012-03-24. 

External links[edit]