Pagani Zonda

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Pagani Zonda
Pagani Zonda C12 'chassis 001' Genf 2019 1Y7A5539.jpg
Pagani Zonda C12 (chassis no. 001)
Overview
ManufacturerPagani
Production1999–2019 (special edition/one-off models still occasionally built in limited numbers)
AssemblySan Cesario sul Panaro, Italy
DesignerHoracio Pagani
Body and chassis
ClassSports car (S)
Body style
LayoutRear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
RelatedPagani Zonda R
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,730 mm (107.5 in)
Length4,395–4,435 mm (173.0–174.6 in)
Width2,055 mm (80.9 in)
Height1,151–1,141 mm (45.3–44.9 in)
Curb weightDry weight:
1,210–1,280 kg (2,668–2,822 lb)[1][2]
Chronology
SuccessorPagani Huayra

The Pagani Zonda is a mid-engine sports car produced by Italian sports car manufacturer Pagani. It debuted at the 1999 Geneva Motor Show. Produced on commission in limited units, as of 2019 a total of 140 cars had been built, including development mules. Variants include a 2-door coupé and roadster variant, along with a third new variant being the barchetta. Construction is mainly of carbon fibre.

The Zonda was originally to be named the "Fangio F1" after Formula One champion Juan Manuel Fangio, but, following his death in 1995, it was renamed for the Zonda wind, a term for a hot air current above Argentina.[3]

Model variants[edit]

Zonda C12[edit]

Pagani Zonda C12 rear view

The Zonda C12[4] debuted in 1999 at the Geneva Motor Show. It is powered by a 6.0 L (366 cu in) Mercedes-Benz M120 V12 engine having a power output of either 400 PS (294 kW; 395 hp) or 450 PS (331 kW; 444 hp)[5] at 5,200 rpm and 570–640 N⋅m (420–472 lb⋅ft) of torque at 4,200 rpm mated to a 5-speed manual transmission.

The C12 can accelerate to 97 km/h (60 mph) in 4.0 seconds and to 161 km/h (100 mph) in 9.2 seconds.

Only five cars were built with the 6.0 L engine, though the C12 was still available in 2002 when the C12 S was introduced. One was used for crash testing and homologation, while another was a demonstrator and show car. The remainder were delivered to customers during the next three years. The crash test and homologation car having chassis number 001 was restored by Pagani's recently established restoration program called "Pagani Rinascimento" and was presented to the public at the 2019 Geneva Motor Show for the Zonda's 20th anniversary.[6][7]

Zonda C12-S[edit]

Zonda S 7.3

The Zonda C12-S[8] uses a modified version of the V12 engine used in the C12 enlarged to 7.0 L (427 cu in). Tuned by Mercedes-AMG, the engine has a power output of 550 PS (405 kW; 542 hp) and is mated to a newly developed CIMA 6-speed manual transmission in order to handle the high power output produced by the engine.[9][10]

The C12-S can accelerate to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.7 seconds, to 161 km/h (100 mph) in 7.0 seconds. Lateral acceleration on the skidpad is 1.18 g (11.6 m/s²). The C12-S can attain a top speed of 208 mph (335 km/h).

Zonda S 7.3[edit]

Pagani Zonda S 7.3

Introduced in 2002 the Zonda S 7.3[11] used a new, larger naturally aspirated V12 engine displacing 7,291 cc (7.3 L; 444.9 cu in) designed and manufactured by Mercedes-Benz AMG having a power output of 555 PS (547 hp; 408 kW) at 5,900 rpm and 750 N⋅m (553 lb⋅ft) of torque at 4,050 rpm.[12] To better handle the power, traction control and ABS were made standard. Performance claims were unchanged from the Zonda C12-S.

Zonda Roadster[edit]

Zonda S 7.3 Roadster

In 2003, Pagani presented the Zonda Roadster,[13] an open top version of the Zonda S 7.3. Carrying the same components as the coupé, Pagani promised no loss of performance, a claim supported by the minimal weight gain of 30 kg (66 lb). A total of 40 roadsters were produced.[14]

Zonda F[edit]

Zonda F
Engine
Pagani Zonda F interior

The Zonda F[15] (or Zonda Fangio - named after Formula One driver Juan Manuel Fangio) debuted at the 2005 Geneva Motor Show. It was the most extensive re-engineered variant of the Zonda yet, though it shared much with its predecessors including the 7.3 L AMG V12 engine which through enhanced intake manifolds, exhaust and a revised ECU now had a power output of 602 PS (443 kW; 594 hp) at 6,150 rpm and 760 N⋅m (561 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm. The transmission is largely the same as the C12 S but had stronger internals and differential gears.

Production of the Zonda F was limited to 25 cars. It came equipped with an extra headlight and a new configuration of fog lights in the lower grille, new bodywork (revised front end, new rear spoiler, more aerodynamic vents all around) that improved the car's aerodynamics, and different side mirrors. Further enhancements over the "S" centered on optional carbon/ceramic brakes (measuring 380 mm) developed in conjunction with Brembo, OZ alloy wheels, Inconel exhaust system, hydroformed aluminium intake plenum, and a redesigned "Z preg" weave in the crash structure to improve rigidity and reduce weight.[16]

Zonda Roadster F[edit]

Zonda Roadster F

The Zonda Roadster F[17] debuted at the 2006 Geneva Motor Show. Exterior wise, the roadster was similar to the coupé, but with a removable carbon fibre roof and canvas side curtains, weighing just 5 kg (11 lb) more than the coupé. Power output of the engine increased to 650 PS (478 kW; 641 hp) and 780 N⋅m (575 lb⋅ft) of torque. Production of the Roadster F was limited to 25 units.

The Roadster F maintained chassis rigidity without any gain in curb weight, eschewing conventional thinking by not strengthening the sills, a process which would have needed more than 35 kg (77 lb) of reinforcement. Pagani instead used racing car materials, and construction techniques, strengthening the firewall structure of the chassis tub together with billet alloy braces that connected the points where the roof rails would have joined. The windscreen was also strengthened for safety reasons. These techniques enabled the Roadster to have virtually the same weight as the coupé, 1,230 kg (2,712 lb).[18]

The Zonda Roadster F Clubsport is a light weight version of the Zonda Roadster F. It has an extensive use of the new carbo-titanium material developed Pagani as well as having an upgraded engine. It was tested by Top Gear's The Stig along with James May and achieved a lap time around their test track of 1:17.8, beating the Bugatti Veyron 16.4 tested during the same episode, but lost in a quarter mile drag race against the Veyron by nearly 2.5 seconds.[19] German racing driver Marc Basseng managed to lap the Zonda F Clubsport around the 20.8 kilometres (12.9 mi) Nürburgring Nordschleife in 7:24.7.[20]

Zonda R[edit]

Pagani Zonda R

In 2007, Pagani introduced the Zonda R at the Geneva Motor Show, a track-only version of the Pagani Zonda.

Zonda Cinque[edit]

Zonda Cinque

The Zonda Cinque[21] (Italian for five) was meant to be the last iteration of the Zonda, being a road-legal version of the Zonda R. Only five were built, hence the name, with deliveries set to June 2009 for all five cars. The Zonda Cinque was developed at the request of a Pagani dealer in Hong Kong.

The differences from other variants of the Zonda were the new 6-speed automated manual gearbox, resulting in shifts taking less than 100 milliseconds, dropping the 0–100 km/h (62 mph) acceleration time down to 3.4 seconds. The gearbox has three driving modes, namely Comfort, Sport and Race which optimises the gearbox for different driving conditions. The Cinque also had a revised form of carbon fibre called "carbo-titanium" which incorporates titanium in the weave to increase strength and rigidity. The suspension used magnesium and titanium components, and the 7.3-litre engine's power and torque were increased to 678 PS (499 kW; 669 hp) and 780 N⋅m (575 lb⋅ft). Revised bodywork, which included a longer front splitter, new sideskirts, rear diffuser, bumper canards, and a flatter underside as well as a roof-mounted air intake scoop, enabled the Cinque to generate 750 kg (1,653 lb) of down-force at 355 km/h (221 mph) and 1.45 G of cornering force.[22]

Zonda Cinque Roadster

The Zonda Roadster Cinque[23] had the same specifications as the coupé from which it was derived. Only five units were built, like the coupé.[24]

Zonda Tricolore[edit]

Zonda Tricolore

The Zonda Tricolore,[25] originally conceived as a one-off before production totaled three, was built as a tribute to the Frecce Tricolori, Italy's aerobatic team. It carried much of the body from the Zonda Cinque. The car was unpainted except for a clear blue lacquer, and red, white, and green stripes from the nose along the top of the car's surface. Unique to this car was a small wing placed behind the cockpit which reflected the tail wing of Frecce Tricolori's Aermacchi MB-339 PAN stunt plane. The three Tricolores were priced at £1.2 million. It was also 9.7 km/h (6 mph) faster than a standard Zonda at 354 km/h (220 mph).

Zonda Revolución[edit]

Pagani Zonda Revolución

In 2012 Pagani introduced the Zonda Revolución at the Goodwood Festival of Speed, an evolution of the Pagani Zonda R.

Zonda HP Barchetta[edit]

Zonda HP Barchetta

The Zonda HP Barchetta was unveiled at the 2017 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance as a present to the company's founder, Horacio Pagani for his 60th birthday as well as to commemorate the 18th anniversary of the Zonda. It has unique exterior design cues which makes it different from other Zondas produced with the most distinguishable features being the barchetta body style and rear wheel covers inspired by group C race cars, making it the first Pagani to ever use this styling. It also has a rear spoiler, air intakes and rear lights taken from the 760 series cars. Power comes courtesy of the 7.3 L (445 cu in) Mercedes-Benz V12 engine rated at 800 PS (588 kW; 789 hp) and 850 N⋅m (627 lb⋅ft) of torque making it the most powerful road legal Zonda ever produced. It borrows its seats and suspension from the Huayra BC along with its power output being identical to the BC with the only difference being that the BC has a Bi-turbo engine while the HP Barchetta is naturally aspirated. The wheels of the car also have different colour inlays with the wheels at the left having gold and the wheels at the right having blue inlays. Production is limited to just 3 units with one unit retained for Horacio Pagani's personal collection.[26] The Zonda HP Barchetta marks an end to the Zonda's production run.[27][28]

Technical data (all production variants)[edit]

Model Year Displacement Peak power Peak torque Top speed Acceleration time (seconds)
0–100 km/h (0–62 mph)
Zonda C12 1999 5,987 cc (365.3 cu in) 450 PS (331 kW; 444 hp) at 5,200 rpm 590 N⋅m (435 lb⋅ft) at 3,900 rpm 298 km/h (185 mph) 4.2
Zonda C12-S 2000 7,010 cc (427.8 cu in) 550 PS (405 kW; 542 hp) at 5,500 rpm 750 N⋅m (553 lb⋅ft) at 4,100 rpm 335 km/h (208 mph) 3.7
Zonda S
Zonda Roadster
2002
2003
7,291 cc (444.9 cu in) 555 PS (408 kW; 547 hp) at 5,900 rpm 750 N⋅m (553 lb⋅ft) at 4,050 rpm 335 km/h (208 mph) 3.7
Zonda F 2005 602 PS (443 kW; 594 hp) at 6,150 rpm 760 N⋅m (561 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm 345 km/h (214 mph) 3.6
Zonda F Clubsport
Zonda Roadster F
2006 650 PS (478 kW; 641 hp) at 6,200 rpm 780 N⋅m (575 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm 350 km/h (217 mph) 3.4
Zonda Cinque
Zonda Cinque Roadster
2009 678 PS (499 kW; 669 hp) at 6,200 rpm 780 N⋅m (575 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm 350 km/h (217 mph) 3.4
Zonda Tricolore 2010 670 PS (493 kW; 661 hp) at 6,150 rpm 780 N⋅m (575 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm 350 km/h (217 mph) 3.4
Zonda HP Barchetta 2017 800 PS (588 kW; 789 hp) 850 N⋅m (627 lb⋅ft) over 355 km/h (221 mph)

Zonda One-off Series[edit]

The Zonda One-Off Series is a custom line-up built for special customers, sometimes made as rebuilds of existing (and sometimes crashed) Zonda chassis. These models have a 7.3-litre M297 engine but with a power output of 760 PS (559 kW; 750 hp) and 780 N⋅m (575 lb⋅ft) of torque.

Racing[edit]

Zonda GR[edit]

Pagani Zonda GR

Development of the Zonda GR started in December 2002. Tom Weickardt, owner of American Viperacing, Toine Hezemans, owner of Carsport Holland, and Paul Kumpen, owner of GLPK Racing, incorporated a new company, Carsport Zonda, to develop a racing version of the Zonda. They secured exclusive rights to develop, build and sell competition versions of the Zonda from Horacio Pagani, and the first GR was completed at Carsport's facility in Modena within months.[clarification needed]

The Zonda GR is based on the Zonda S. It was built on the same carbon fibre chassis, with lightweight tube frames present on the front and rear. The bodywork was modified to include front and rear diffusers and louvers for improved aerodynamics. The car was 2 meters (6.6 ft) wide, in accordance with the regulations of the FIA and ACO. The car's weight was reduced to 1,100 kg (2,425 lb), and a new suspension system was designed. Along with new motorsport-oriented wheels and brakes. The engine was equipped with an enlarged radiator, two air intake restrictor plates, and the engine and gearbox also had new oil coolers. The resulting engine is rated at around 600 hp (447 kW; 608 PS) at 5,800 rpm and 580 lb⋅ft (786 N⋅m) of torque at 4,300 rpm with a redline increased to 7,500 rpm. Unrestricted, however, the 7.0 L V12 engine is capable of producing around 780 hp (582 kW; 780 hp) and 750 lb⋅ft (1,017 N⋅m) of torque. Performance figures include a 0 to 97 km/h (60 mph) acceleration time of 3.3 seconds.

The car was entered into the 2003 24 Hours of Le Mans, but retired after ten laps due to a gearbox failure.[29]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Zonda Tricolore". Pagani Automobili. Archived from the original on 30 November 2016. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  2. ^ "Zonda S 7.3". Pagani Automobili. Archived from the original on 22 November 2016. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  3. ^ "Definition of 'zonda'". Collins dictionary. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Pagani Automobili | Zonda | Zonda C12". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Zonda C12". www.pagani.com. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  6. ^ Wong, Daniel (6 March 2019). "Fully-restored Pagani Zonda C12 "chassis 001" unveiled: 2019 Geneva Motor Show". Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  7. ^ Traugott, Jay (3 March 2019). "Behold! First-Ever Pagani Zonda C12 Restored For 20th Anniversary". Carbuzz. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  8. ^ "Zonda C12". pagani.it (in Italian). Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  9. ^ "First Drive: Pagani Zonda C12 S". Motor Trend. 13 January 2003. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  10. ^ D., Nick (13 April 2016). "2003 Pagani Zonda S Roadster". Supercars.net. Retrieved 31 October 2022.
  11. ^ "Pagani Automobili | Zonda | Zonda S 7.3". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  12. ^ Evans, Dan (December 2004). "2004 Pagani Zonda C12 S review: classic MOTOR". Motor. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  13. ^ "Pagani Automobili | Zonda | Zonda Roadster". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  14. ^ Zonda Roadster Archived 24 November 2016 at the Wayback Machine Pagani Automobili 14 July 2013
  15. ^ "Pagani Automobili | Zonda | Zonda F". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  16. ^ Horrell, Paul (3 May 2006). "First Drive: 2005 Pagani Zonda F". Motor Trend. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  17. ^ "Pagani Automobili | Zonda | Zonda Roadster F". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  18. ^ "Further information and photos". Sybarites.org. 24 February 2006. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  19. ^ "Pagani Zonda vs Bugatti Veyron". topgear.com. 9 August 2014. Archived from the original on 9 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  20. ^ "PistonHeads Headlines". Pistonheads.com. 20 August 2009. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  21. ^ "Pagani Automobili | Zonda | Zonda Cinque". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  22. ^ Catchpole, Henry (9 November 2009). "Pagani Zonda Cinque". Evo. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  23. ^ "Pagani Automobili | Zonda | Zonda Cinque Roadster". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  24. ^ "Pagani Zonda Cinque Roadster news - Cinque hole - 2009 - BBC Top Gear". Topgear.com. Retrieved 19 September 2009.
  25. ^ "Pagani Automobili | Zonda | Zonda Tricolore". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  26. ^ "HP Barchetta, the last production Zonda". Road and Track. 21 August 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  27. ^ "Pagani Zonda HP Barchetta revealed". topspeed.com. 22 August 2017. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  28. ^ "Pagani Zonda HP Barchetta specifications". paganihistory.com. 17 January 2018. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  29. ^ "Auto News - GT Cars - Pagani challenges Ferrari ! - The official website of 24 Heures du Mans". 24h-lemans.com.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]