|• Jawi||ڤاݢر عالم|
Tea plantations in Pagaralam outskirts with towering Mount Dempo in the background
|Motto: Besemah Kota Perjuangan (Besemah, The City of Struggle)|
|• Total||633.66 km2 (244.66 sq mi)|
|• Density||224.75/km2 (582.1/sq mi)|
|Time zone||WIB (UTC+7)|
Pagaralam (Jawi: ڤاݢر عالم), is a city in South Sumatra, Indonesia. Before established as a definitive city, Pagaralam was an administrative city in Lahat Regency. It has an area of 633.66 km² and a population of 146,973 (2011).
Pagaralam is located on Bukit Barisan Mountains, on the feet of Mount Dempo, a volcano and the highest mountain in South Sumatra, 298 km southwest from the province capital city of Palembang and 60 km southwest of Lahat. The city is bounded by Bengkulu Province to the south, Jarai District to the north, Kota Agung District to the east and Tanjung Sakti District to the west. Pagaralam is the one of main supplier of vegetables in Palembang. Its location in the highland make the city is slightly cooler than much of the rest of South Sumatra cities, together with astounding landscape make the city as one of main tourist destination in South Sumatra and often visited by local tourists, especially from Palembang. Currently, the city is led by Ida Fitriati and Novirzah Djazuli as the mayor and vice-mayor of the city respectively.
Pagaralam is located on Bukit Barisan Mountains, on the feet of Mount Dempo. Much of the soil in the city are consisted of latosole and andosole with rugged and hilly topography. The soil in this city is classified as soil with high fertility (class I).
In 2000, Pagaralam population is only 112,025 and increased to 126,035 ten years later. One of the factor in the population increase is the settlement of transmigrant who want to live in this city. Beside the city native Besemah people, the city population is also consisted of several people, such as Javanese, Minang, Batak, Chinese, Arabs, and Indian.
Pagaralam is divided into 5 districts, which are South Dempo, Central Dempo, North Dempo, South Pagaralam, and North Pagaralam.
|District||Total Area (km²)||Total population||Population density (/km²)||Population growth rate|
|South Dempo||239,08||11.708||49||-1,00 %|
|Central Dempo||151,96||12.595||83||1,30 %|
|North Dempo||123,98||19.925||161||0,46 %|
|South Pagar Alam||63,17||44.950||712||1,54 %|
|North Pagar Alam||55,47||37.185||670||2,04 %|
Atung Bungsu Airport
Atung Bungsu Airport is the only airport in Pagar Alam. It is opened on 28 February 2013.
- Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Tarbiyah (STIT)
- Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan & Ilmu Pendidikan (STKIP) Muhammadiyah Pagar Alam
- Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi (STIE) Lembah Dempo Pagar Alam
Pagaralam has a lot of tourist destination potentials. Beside its landscapes, the city also offer heritage tourism with a lot of megalithic sites. Pagaralam government will build integrated tourism area in a 26 hectares bamboo forest at Curup Jahe in North Pagaralam. The city's tourist destinations are:
- Gong Stone
- Dempo Tea Plantations
- Lematang Indah River
- Curup Embun Waterfall
- Curup Mangkok Waterfall
- Curup Tujuh Kenangan Waterfall
- Thousand of megalithic sites
- Tebat Gheban Lake
- Tebat Libagh (Lebar) Lake
- Rimba Candi
- Hutan Anggrek
- (Indonesian) Official website
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