Pagar Alam

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Other transcription(s)
 • Jawi ڤاݢر عالم
Official seal of Pagaralam
Nickname(s): "Besemah"
Motto: Besemah Kota Perjuangan (Besemah, The City of Struggle)
Lokasi Sumatera Selatan Kota Pagar Alam.svg
Pagaralam is located in Sumatra
Location of the city in southern Sumatra
Coordinates: 4°1′0″S 103°15′0″E / 4.01667°S 103.25000°E / -4.01667; 103.25000Coordinates: 4°1′0″S 103°15′0″E / 4.01667°S 103.25000°E / -4.01667; 103.25000
Country Indonesia
Province South Sumatra
 • Total 633.66 km2 (244.66 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 146,973
 • Density 224.75/km2 (582.1/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) 0730

Pagaralam (Jawi: ڤاݢر عالم‎), is a city in South Sumatra, Indonesia. Before established as a definitive city, Pagaralam was an administrative city in Lahat Regency. It has an area of 633.66 km²[1] and a population of 146,973 (2011).

Pagaralam is located on Bukit Barisan Mountains, on the feet of Mount Dempo, a volcano and the highest mountain in South Sumatra, 298 km southwest from the province capital city of Palembang and 60 km southwest of Lahat. The city is bounded by Bengkulu Province to the south, Jarai District to the north, Kota Agung District to the east and Tanjung Sakti District to the west. Pagaralam is the one of main supplier of vegetables in Palembang. Its location in the highland make the city is slightly cooler than much of the rest of South Sumatra cities, together with astounding landscape make the city as one of main tourist destination in South Sumatra and often visited by local tourists, especially from Palembang. Currently, the city is led by Ida Fitriati and Novirzah Djazuli as the mayor and vice-mayor of the city respectively.


Pagaralam is located on Bukit Barisan Mountains, on the feet of Mount Dempo. Much of the soil in the city consists of latosol and andisol with rugged and hilly topography. The soil in this city is classified as soil with high fertility (class I).


In 2000, Pagaralam population is only 112,025 and increased to 126,035 ten years later. One of the factor in the population increase is the settlement of transmigrant who want to live in this city. Beside the city native Besemah people, the city population is also consisted of several people, such as Javanese, Minang, Batak, Chinese, Arabs, and Indian.

Administrative Division[edit]

Pagaralam is divided into 5 districts, which are South Dempo, Central Dempo, North Dempo, South Pagaralam, and North Pagaralam.

District Total Area (km²) Total population Population density (/km²) Population growth rate
South Dempo 239,08 11.708 49 -1,00 %
Central Dempo 151,96 12.595 83 1,30 %
North Dempo 123,98 19.925 161 0,46 %
South Pagar Alam 63,17 44.950 712 1,54 %
North Pagar Alam 55,47 37.185 670 2,04 %


Atung Bungsu Airport[edit]

Atung Bungsu Airport is the only airport in Pagar Alam. It is opened on 28 February 2013.[2]



  1. Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Tarbiyah (STIT)
  2. Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan & Ilmu Pendidikan (STKIP) Muhammadiyah Pagar Alam
  3. Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi (STIE) Lembah Dempo Pagar Alam


Pagaralam has a lot of tourist destination potentials. Beside its landscapes, the city also offer heritage tourism with a lot of megalithic sites. Pagaralam government will build integrated tourism area in a 26 hectares bamboo forest at Curup Jahe in North Pagaralam.[3] The city's tourist destinations are:

  • Gong Stone
  • Dempo Tea Plantations
  • Tegurwangi Megalithic Site
  • Lematang Indah River
  • Waterfalls:
    • Curup Embun Waterfall
    • Curup Mangkok Waterfall
    • Curup Tujuh Kenangan Waterfall
  • Thousand of megalithic sites
  • Lakes:
    • Tebat Gheban Lake
    • Tebat Libagh (Lebar) Lake
  • Rimba Candi
  • Hutan Anggrek


External links[edit]