Pagrus major

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Red seabream
Pagrus major Red seabream ja01.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Sparidae
Genus: Pagrus
P. major
Binomial name
Pagrus major
(Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
  • Chrysophrys major Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
  • Pagrosomus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
  • Sparus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
  • Pagus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)

Pagrus major, the red seabream is a fish species in the family Sparidae. In Japan, Pagrus major is known as madai (真鯛, or "genuine tai") and is prized both for its flavor and for its traditional use as an auspicious food, often served at New Year's and at festive occasions such as weddings. Successful sumo wrestlers are often photographed holding the fish.[1] It is also the most commonly eaten fish in Taiwan. Habitat preference is genetically coded in juveniles, which helps them to choose the optimal microhabitat in a fluctuating environment. Habitat preference is only observed in juvenile fish up to the age of 30 days, while adult fish do not show any habitat preference.

It is widespread in the Northwest Pacific from the northeastern part of South China Sea (Philippines excluded) northward to Japan. It is a marine subtropical oceanodromous demersal fish.

See also[edit]


Takahashi, K and Masuda, R. “ Nurture is above nature: nursery experience determines habitat preference of red sea bream Pagrus major juveniles” Journal of Ethology 37.3 (2019): 317–323. Web. Sep-2019.

  1. ^ Mulvey, Stephen (18 December 2012). "Why do Japanese politicians wave fish?" – via

External links[edit]