|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2013)|
Nickname(s): The Tourist Capital of Laguna;
Athens of Laguna;Home of Our Lady of Guadalupe
|Motto: Bayang Maunlad, Bayang Maganda, Bayang Payapa, Lahat ay Masaya|
Map of Laguna showing the location of Pagsanjan
|Region||CALABARZON (Region IV-A)|
|District||4th district of Laguna|
|• Mayor||Girlie "Maita" J. Ejercito (PMP)|
|• Total||26.36 km2 (10.18 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
Pagsanjan (pronounced 'Pag-sang-han') is a second class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 39,313 people. It is situated about 92 kilometres (57 mi) southeast of Manila.
Pagsanjan is the tourist capital of Laguna and the home of the Bangkero Festival. The bangkeros are tour guides, who steer the tourists' boats. They are the boatmen who shoot the 14 rapids between rocks and boulders all the way to the Pagsanjan Falls (or Magdapio Falls), for which the town is well known but are actually located in the neighboring municipality of Cavinti. The Bangkero Festival is celebrated in the month of March.
The incumbent mayor of Pagsanjan, Laguna is Hon. Girlie J. Ejercito, known as former actress Maita Sanchez. She is also the wife of Emilio Ramon "Jorge Estregan, Jr." Ejercito, who served as mayor from 2001–2010 and currently the governor of Laguna.
For 170 years (1688–1858), Pagsanjan was the capital of the province of Laguna. During this long period, the town prospered as the commercial, cultural and learning center of the province, and was called the "Athens of Laguna".
Like a graceful swan, Pagsanjan perches on the riparian delta formed by the confluence of two cool rivers called Balanac and Bumbungan. Originally named Pinagsangahan, meaning "branching" or "juncture", the town was given a Hispanic name by early Spanish colonizers, Pagsanjan, because they found it extremely difficult to pronounce its polysyllabic name.
Pagsanjan has a land area of 26.4 square kilometres. It is located about 92 kilometres (57 mi) southeast of Manila. It is bounded on the east by the Balubad Mountain; on the west by the capital town of Santa Cruz; on the north by the San Isidro Hill and Laguna de Bay; on the northeast by the town of Lumban; on the southeast by the towns of Cavinti and Luisiana; on the south by Mount Banahaw; and on the southwest by the town of Magdalena.
- Barangay I (Pob.)
- Barangay II (Pob.)
- San Isidro
Pagsanjan was originally a barrio of Lumban. In 1668, eight Japanese and Chinese traders who were highly impressed by the strategic location of the barrio at the juncture of Balanac and Bumbungan rivers founded the town. They established a trading settlement and engaged in the betelnut industry. In time, the barrio became the flourishing trading center of eastern Laguna and attracted families from the surrounding communities of Cavinti and Pila. On December 12, 1668, the then Governor, General Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz, issued a gubernatorial decree elevating its status from barrio to a town. In 1688, Pagsanjan replaced Bay as the capital of the province. It remained such until 1858, during which it bloomed as the cultural and commercial center of the province.
Like all peoples of the world, the Pagsanjeños are hospitable and friendly to all visitors, especially the foreigners. They are warmhearted, fiesta-loving and witty. In time of peace, they are amiably peaceful, civic-spirited, and cheerful; in time of war, however, they are brave, intensely patriotic, and fight with fury. They are loyal and proud of their beloved town and ancestral heritage.
The people of Pagsanjan are also fortunate to have a resplendent cultural heritage. This culture is a harmonious blending of the Asian, Hispanic, Mexican, and American civilization influences. It is revealed in their rich folklore, customs and traditions, and colorful fiestas. During colonial times Pagsanjan was a famous center of culture. Her people, according to Fray Felix de la Huerta, Franciscan friar-chronicler, were "muy culto" (highly cultured). The Pagsanjeños then cherished good education. They sent their children to the elementary school to learn the fours R's (reading, writing, arithmetic, and religion). Children of the rich families studied in the homes of private teachers. After acquiring the fundamentals of Spanish and Latin languages, they were sent to Manila to obtain higher education at the Ateneo de Manila, College of San Juan de Letran, and in the University of Santo Tomas. It is a fact that during the Spanish regime Pagsanjan among all towns in Laguna had the highest percentage of illustrados (intellectuals).
This old tradition of acquiring a good education still exists among present-day Pagsanjeños. To them, a college diploma is a status symbol. Today numerous Pagsanjeños study law, medicine, education, nursing, engineering, and other college courses in the colleges and universities in Manila and in foreign countries.
As a cultured people, The Pagsanjeños take pride in their fine homes with beautiful furniture, oil paintings, pianos, and rugs; in their well-groomed lawns, and flower gardens; in their clean, beautiful streets, and sidewalks; and in their attire and personal appearance. But because of the destruction of their ancestral homes in Pagsanjan and the threat of the Huk movement in the towns and barrios of Laguna province, many Pagsanjeño families evacuated their native town and moved permanently to the Greater Manila area. This exodus of Pagsanjeño families mostly represented the elite of the local population, including rich landlords and the talented intellectuals. A few prominent families noted for their lineage and inherited wealth, however, remained in town and cooperated with the common people in the rebuilding of their ruined town.
The rich Pagsanjeño families who left the town resided in Manila, Pasay, Makati, Caloocan City, and San Juan, where they built their homes and reared their families. Some of them sold their ancestral residential lots in Pagsanjan, for they had no intention of restoring their old homes in town. They became absentee landlords, for they simply employed some persons called encargados to manage their family rice farms and coconut plantations.
|Population census of Pagsanjan|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Main attraction in Pagsanjan includes:
- Pagsanjan Falls
- Pagsanjan Arch (also Puerta Real or Arco Real)
- Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe
- Pagsanjan Municipal Building
- Bangkero Festival
- Fiesta of Our Lady of Guadalupe
- Grand Santacruzan
- Flores de Mayo
- Salibanda (Feast of Sto. Niño)
Other Places to Visit
- CLA Town Mall
- Calle Arco
- Raha Sulayman Restaurant
- Step Rite
- Binalot sa Dahon
- Erwin Leyros
- Aling Taleng's Halo-halo
- Don Porong Ejercito Ancestral Mansion
- Don Graciano Cordero Ancestral House
- Frannie Wei Haute Couture
- Emin and Milas
- Pagsanjan Lodge and Summer Resort
- Gregorio F. Zaide - famous historian and author, "Dean of Filipino Historiographers"
- Pedro Pelaez - educator, priest and is considered the "Father of Filipinization of the Church" and "The Godfather of the Philippine Revolution"
- Leandro H. Fernandez - educator, author and historian
- Francisco Benitez - First Dean of UP College of Education, educator and author, husband of Paz Marquez Benitez
- Vicente F. Fabella - educator, economist, civic leader and first Filipino certified public accountant
- Severino Taiño - Brigadier General, friend of Paciano Rizal
- Virginia Llamas - Queen of Manila Carnival in 1922 and wife of Carlos P. Romulo
- Emilio Ramon "Jorge Estregan, Jr." Ejercito a.k.a. ER Ejercito - actor and incumbent governor of Laguna, famous for the movie Asiong Salonga and El Presidente
- Girlie "Maita" Javier Sanchez Ejercito - former actress, current mayor of Pagsanjan and wife of current Laguna Governor Jorge E.R. Ejercito III
- Joseph "Erap" Ejercito Estrada - originally born in Tondo, Manila but considered himself as a true son of Laguna because his ancestors originated in Pagsanjan
- Ernesto Maceda - former councilor of Manila, former senator, columnist and lawyer
- June Lazarte - a famous Filipino animal trainer who became famous for his dog named Saver
- Mario Montenegro - actor
- Abner Afuang - mediaman, former police officer and former mayor of Pagsanjan
- Louie Ignacio - TV director
The official song of the Municipality of Pagsanjan and its people is Pagsanjan March. The anthem was composed by Rogel Taiño, a native of Pagsanjan.
- Pagsanjan March
Patnubayan bayan natin
Pagsanjan mahal sa atin
Karangalan ay ihain
Maligaya niyang tagumpay
Ang marubdob na balakin
Upang tamis ng pag-ibig
Sa puso ay palagiin
Pagsanjan na ating bayan
Na tirahan ng bayani
Bayan ng mga lakan at
Pagsanjan ay idalangin
Pagpalain, bigyang puri
Itanghal at ating ibandila
Ang kanyang gandang iwi
In Popular Culture
Movies and films shot in Pagsanjan
- Apocalypse Now- internationally acclaimed movie about the Vietnam War shot mostly in Pagsanjan
- Code Name: Wild Geese - an Italian "macaroni combat" war film shot in Pagsanjan
- Commando Leopard - a 1985 Italian war film (or Euro War) directed by Antonio Margheriti and starring Lewis Collins
- Der Commander - the last part of the Italian film trilogy; this was shot in different loctions like Amalfi (Italy), Berlin (Germany), Bangkok (Thailand), Pagsanjan (Philippines)
- Robowar - a 1988 science fiction-action-horror film and the rip-off of the 1987 American film Predator shot in the jungles of Pagsanjan
- Alien from the Deep
- Pagdating ng panahon
- Why Is There a Yesterday
- Kamoteng kahoy
- Pagputi ng uwak... Pag-itim ng tagak
- Two Funerals
- Tabing Ilog- youth-oriented drama which aired on ABS-CBN for more than four years and was shot in first lagaslas/rapids leading to Pagsanjan Falls
- Bahay Kubo- a film about typical Filipino family starring Maricel Soriano, dubbed as the Pinoy Mano Po
- Amaya- the first historical epic drama on Philippine television aired on GMA and other countries in Asia
- Indio- The series is shot primarily in the towns of Pagsanjan and Cavinti in the province of Laguna. The entire Spanish-era village was built along the banks of the Pagsanjan River in Pagsanjan especially for the series. It is where most of the "Pueblo" scenes are shot.
- Maging Sino Ka Man- its finale was shot in Lambac, Pagsanjan
- Ang Cute Ng Ina Mo- a comedy movie for MMFF which shows the family of Georgia (Ai-Ai delas Alas) having their vacation in Pagsanjan.
- Maria Mercedes- the Philippine remake of the 1992 Mexican telenovela of the same title.
- Hawak Kamay
- Bonifacio: Ang Unang Pangulo- Part of the film was shot in Pagsanjan where the production staff erected a big battleground set for a scene.
Banco Laguna, Inc. - Head Office (A Rural Bank Since 1965)
- Pagsanjan Falls
- Pagsanjan Arch
- Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish Church (Pagsanjan)
- Pagsanjan Municipal Hall
- Bumbungan River
- Battle of Pagsanjan
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
- "Province: LAGUNA". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
- Pagsanjan Official Site
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pagsanjan, Laguna.|
- Pagsanjan Laguna Bankero Festival
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
|Capital of Laguna