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Pailadzo Captanian (Armenian: Փայլածո Կապտանյան), was a survivor of the Armenian Genocide and an author. She is also credited with inspiring the creation of Rice-A-Roni which is based on her own recipe of Armenian pilaf.
During the Armenian Genocide in 1915, Pailadzo, while pregnant, was forced to march through the Syrian desert to Aleppo.
After the Genocide, she wrote her memoirs in French, titled "Memoires d'une deportee". In 1919, the memoirs were published and are considered important contribution to Armenian Genocide research, since it was penned shortly after the events. The book contributed to Raphael Lemkin's research and his understanding of the Genocide.
Also in 1919, Mrs. Captanian was reunited with her two other sons whom she had entrusted to a Greek family before the deportations. Afterwards, Pailadzo and her sons moved to the United States, where she worked as a seamstress and sewed draperies for President Franklin D. Roosevelt's home in Hyde Park, New York.
After World War II, Pailadzo and her family moved to San Francisco. While in San Francisco, she rented a room to Lois and Tom DeDomenico. Pailadzo taught Lois how to make Armenian pilaf and in 1955 Tom and his brother Vincent, who worked at the Golden Grain Macaroni pasta company founded by their father, came up with the initial recipe for the rice-and-macaroni mixture called Rice-A-Roni.
- Birth Of Rice-A-Roni: The Armenian-Italian Treat - National Public Radio, 2008
- What you see before your eyes: documenting Raphael Lemkin's life by exploring his archival Papers, 1900–1959 Archived 2007-06-10 at the Wayback Machine - Journal of Genocide Research, 2005
- Birth Of Rice-A-Roni: The Armenian-Italian Treat
- Captanian, Payladzo A. "Memoires d'une deportee" (Paris: M. Flinikowski, Editor, 1919) OCLC 80594597
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