Pain and Glory
|Pain and Glory|
Spanish release poster
|Spanish||Dolor y gloria|
|Written by||Pedro Almodóvar|
|Music by||Alberto Iglesias|
|Cinematography||José Luis Alcaine|
|Edited by||Teresa Font|
|Distributed by||Sony Pictures Releasing International|
|Box office||$38.1 million|
Pain and Glory (Spanish: Dolor y gloria) is a 2019 Spanish drama film written and directed by Pedro Almodóvar. It stars Antonio Banderas, Asier Etxeandia, Penélope Cruz, Julieta Serrano and Leonardo Sbaraglia.
The film was released in Spain on 22 March 2019 to positive reviews. It made its international debut at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival, where the film was selected to compete for the Palme d’Or, while Banderas won the award for Best Actor and Alberto Iglesias won for Best Soundtrack. Pain and Glory was nominated as the Spanish entry for Best International Feature Film at the 92nd Academy Awards, with Banderas also being nominated for Best Actor (his first such nomination). It was chosen by Time magazine as the best film of the year.
The film narrates a series of reunions of Salvador Mallo (Antonio Banderas), a film director in his decline. Some of these reunions play out in real time, others are recalled through flashbacks: his childhood in the 1960s, when he moved with his family to the primitive village of Paterna, his schooling, his first adult love in Madrid in the 1980s, the pain of the breakup of this relationship, writing as a therapy to forget, the discovery of cinema, facing the impossibility of continuing filming, etc.
Spanish film director Salvador Mallo is in the middle of a creative crisis, afflicted with physical and mental ailments, just as an earlier film of his (Sabor, or Flavor) has been remastered and re-released to appreciative audiences. Prompted by his old friend, Zulema (Cecilia Roth) he calls in on Alberto Crespo (Asier Etxeandia), the lead actor from Sabor, with whom he has not spoken for 32 years due to a quarrel over the influence of the actor's heroin use on his performance. Crespo introduces Salvador to heroin smoking.
When taking the drug Salvador revisits some of his childhood experiences: one takes place during his childhood, where he moves into a whitewashed cave house with his father (Raúl Arévalo) and mother Jacinta (Penélope Cruz), and a local laborer named Eduardo (César Vicente) learns to read and write under his tutelage.
Crespo brings a monologue of Salvador's memories from 1980s Madrid to the stage in which Salvador's lover Federico (Leonardo Sbaraglia) is mentioned; Federico happens to be sitting in the audience. Federico (who has married and had children in Argentina) meets Salvador in his apartment where the pair drink toasts to one another, reminisce and flirt briefly before parting amicably. Salvador recognizes that his struggles with heroin and drug addiction mirrors that which he witnessed in Federico during their time together. With his assistant, Mercedes (Nora Navas), he tells a doctor that he needs treatment for his backpain and heroin addiction.
In a flashback, his now-elderly mother (Julieta Serrano) accuses him of having left her and of not having been a good child. Before he can prove his love to her, she dies in the hospital instead of in the country, as she had wished. Salvador's assistant hands him an invitation to attend an art exhibition and he recognizes himself as the boy in a drawing on display. His memory flashes back to the cave home when the laborer was tiling the kitchen. Eduardo stops to sketch Salvador sitting in the sun, then says he needs to bathe. Salvador leaves to lie down on his bed, sweating from the heat, and faints from sunstroke when fetching a towel for Eduardo.
Back in the present day, and Salvador has bought Eduardo's portrait of him, which he had sent to his mother while Salvador was away at school but she had hidden from him. On the reverse side is a letter from Eduardo thanking Salvador for teaching him to read and write. Mercedes says it would be easy to find Eduardo again through Google or by asking around at the village, but Salvador dismisses the idea.
He finally undergoes surgery to remove a growth affecting his throat that was causing him to occasionally choke for no reason. In the final scene we revisit the young Salvador with his mother en route to their new home in the village of cave houses: they are having to sleep on the floor of a train station because the village they are passing through is having their local fiesta. The young Salvador watches the village's fireworks in wonderment, fixated on the spectacle, while his mother is visibly anxious and upset with her situation. The camera moves back and reveals a sound engineer recording the pair on the floor of a movie set. We see Salvador behind the camera, recreating a memory from his childhood on film, his creative crisis overcome.
- Antonio Banderas as Salvador Mallo
- Leonardo Sbaraglia as Federico Delgado
- Asier Etxeandia as Alberto Crespo
- Cecilia Roth as Zulema
- Pedro Casablanc as Doctor Galindo
- Nora Navas as Mercedes
- Penélope Cruz as Jacinta (as a young woman)
- Julieta Serrano as Jacinta (elderly)
- Susi Sánchez as Beata
- Julián López as the Presenter
- Paqui Horcajo as Mercedes, the washer woman
- Rosalía as Rosita, the washer woman
- Marisol Muriel as Mari, the washer woman
- César Vicente as Eduardo, the carpenter-painter
- Asier Flores as Salvador Mallo (child)
- Agustín Almodóvar as the priest
- Luis Calero as brother José Maria
- Sara Sierra as Conchita, the daily help
El Deseo announced plans for the new film in April 2018, confirming Antonio Banderas and Asier Etxeandia as leads with Penélope Cruz and Julieta Serrano in supporting roles. The trailer, which was aired on 31 January 2019, revealed Rosalía has a role in the film. In May 2018, Almodóvar was pictured with cinematographer José Luis Alcaine on Twitter, researching locations in the Province of Valencia. The following June, Fotogramas reported that a large part of the filming would take place in Valencia, particularly in the municipality of Paterna. The same month, Agustín Almodóvar posted a photo of his brother, Pedro, on set on Twitter, which were later followed by photos of Banderas, Sbaraglia and Cruz together in screen tests for the film. Agustín Almodóvar, the film producer, announced via Twitter that filming began on 16 July 2018. It concluded after 44 days on 15 September 2018.
The first trailer was released online on 31 January 2019. The film's official poster was revealed on 11 February, followed by another trailer on 18 February 2019. The film's stars and Almodóvar himself attended a photo call in Madrid for the film on 12 March 2019, before the premiere took place at the Cine Capitol in Madrid on 13 March.
Pain and Glory was released in Spain on 22 March 2019. It was released in the United Kingdom by Pathé and 20th Century Fox on 23 August, and received a limited release in the United States on 4 October, by Sony Pictures Classics.
On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 96% based on 263 reviews, with an average rating of 8.33/10. The website's critics consensus reads, "Pain and Glory finds writer-director Pedro Almodóvar drawing on his own life to rewarding effect -- and honoring his craft as only a master filmmaker can." On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 88 out of 100, based on 42 critics, indicating "universal acclaim."
Initial Spanish critical reception of the film was generally positive. Pain and Glory received an average score of 7.7/10 from 1,448 reviews on FilmAffinity, and an average critical rating of 4.3/5 from 14 critical reviews on Sensacine. Fotogramas gave the film a 5-star review who complimented the director's artistry. El Periódico de Catalunya also gave the film five stars, while ABC gave the film 4 out of 5 stars, and El Confidencial gave the film 3 out of 5 stars. Catalan daily Ara compared the film's twilight serenity and checked emotion to that of the masterpiece last films made by John Huston and Carl Theodor Dreyer (Gertrud).
The film drew more than 45,000 moviegoers in Spain on the Friday of release, making it the most-viewed film in the country of that day. It was estimated the film earned €300,000 in its first day, rising to €1.2 million in its first weekend. By 12 September 2019, the film has grossed a total of €6.5 million in Spain, making it the highest-grossing Spanish film of the year at the box office. Worldwide, Pain and Glory has accrued $36.6 million.
|Cannes Film Festival||Palme d'Or||Pedro Almodóvar||Nominated|||
|Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Won|||
|Cannes Soundtrack Award||Alberto Iglesias||Won|||
|Queer Palm||Pedro Almodóvar||Nominated|
|Imagen Awards||Best Feature Film||Pedro Almodóvar||Nominated|
|International Cinephile Society Awards||Prix du Jury||Pedro Almodóvar||Won|
|Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Won|
|Sydney Film Festival||Best Film||Pedro Almodóvar||Nominated|
|23rd Hollywood Film Awards||Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Won|||
|84th New York Film Critics Circle Awards||Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Won|||
|45th Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards||Best Foreign Language Film||Pain and Glory||Won|||
|Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Won|
|32nd European Film Awards||Best Film||Pain and Glory||Nominated|||
|People's Choice Award||Pain and Glory||Nominated|
|Best Director||Pedro Almodóvar||Nominated|
|Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Won|
|Best Screenwriter||Pedro Almodóvar||Nominated|
|Best Production Design||Antxon Gómez||Won|||
|9th AACTA International Awards||Best International Actor||Antonio Banderas||Nominated|||
|77th Golden Globe Awards||Best Foreign Language Film||Pain and Glory||Nominated|||
|Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama||Antonio Banderas||Nominated|
|25th Critics' Choice Awards||Best Foreign Language Film||Pain and Glory||Nominated|||
|Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Nominated|
|34th Goya Awards||Best Film||Pain and Glory||Won|||
|Best Director||Pedro Almodóvar||Won|
|Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Won|
|Best Actress||Penélope Cruz||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actor||Asier Etxeandia||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Julieta Serrano||Won|
|Best Original Screenplay||Pedro Almodóvar||Won|
|Best Cinematography||José Luis Alcaine||Nominated|
|Best Editing||Teresa Font||Won|
|Best Art Direction||Antxon Gómez||Nominated|
|Best Production Supervision||Toni Novella||Nominated|
|Best Sound||Sergio Bürmann, Pelayo Gutiérrez and Marc Orts||Nominated|
|Best Costume Design||Paola Torres||Nominated|
|Best Makeup and Hairstyles||Ana Lozano, Sergio Pérez Berbel and Montse Ribé||Nominated|
|Best Original Score||Alberto Iglesias||Won|
|73rd British Academy Film Awards||Best Film Not in the English Language||Pedro Almodóvar and Agustín Almodóvar||Nominated|||
|92nd Academy Awards||Best International Feature Film||Spain||Nominated|
|Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Nominated|
|31st GLAAD Media Awards||Outstanding Film – Limited Release||Pain and Glory||Nominated|||
- List of submissions to the 92nd Academy Awards for Best International Feature Film
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