Pain and Glory

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Pain and Glory
Spanish release poster
SpanishDolor y gloria
Directed by
Produced by
Written byPedro Almodóvar
Music byAlberto Iglesias
CinematographyJosé Luis Alcaine
Edited byTeresa Font
Distributed bySony Pictures Releasing International
Release date
  • 22 March 2019 (2019-03-22)
Running time
113 minutes[1]
Box office$38.1 million[2][3]

Pain and Glory (Spanish: Dolor y gloria) is a 2019 Spanish drama film written and directed by Pedro Almodóvar.[4][5] It stars Antonio Banderas, Asier Etxeandia, Penélope Cruz, Julieta Serrano and Leonardo Sbaraglia.[6][7]

The film was released in Spain on 22 March 2019 to positive reviews.[8] It made its international debut at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival, where the film was selected to compete for the Palme d’Or,[9] while Banderas won the award for Best Actor and Alberto Iglesias won for Best Soundtrack.[10][11] Pain and Glory was nominated as the Spanish entry for Best International Feature Film at the 92nd Academy Awards,[12][13] with Banderas also being nominated for Best Actor (his first such nomination). It was chosen by Time magazine as the best film of the year.[14]


The film narrates a series of reunions of Salvador Mallo (Antonio Banderas), a film director in his decline. Some of these reunions play out in real time, others are recalled through flashbacks: his childhood in the 1960s, when he moved with his family to the primitive village of Paterna, his schooling, his first adult love in Madrid in the 1980s, the pain of the breakup of this relationship, writing as a therapy to forget, the discovery of cinema, facing the impossibility of continuing filming, etc.[15][16][17]

Spanish film director Salvador Mallo is in the middle of a creative crisis, afflicted with physical and mental ailments, just as an earlier film of his (Sabor, or Flavor) has been remastered and re-released to appreciative audiences. Prompted by his old friend, Zulema (Cecilia Roth) he calls in on Alberto Crespo (Asier Etxeandia), the lead actor from Sabor, with whom he has not spoken for 32 years due to a quarrel over the influence of the actor's heroin use on his performance. Crespo introduces Salvador to heroin smoking.

When taking the drug Salvador revisits some of his childhood experiences: one takes place during his childhood, where he moves into a whitewashed cave house with his father (Raúl Arévalo) and mother Jacinta (Penélope Cruz), and a local laborer named Eduardo (César Vicente) learns to read and write under his tutelage.

Crespo brings a monologue of Salvador's memories from 1980s Madrid to the stage in which Salvador's lover Federico (Leonardo Sbaraglia) is mentioned; Federico happens to be sitting in the audience. Federico (who has married and had children in Argentina) meets Salvador in his apartment where the pair drink toasts to one another, reminisce and flirt briefly before parting amicably. Salvador recognizes that his struggles with heroin and drug addiction mirrors that which he witnessed in Federico during their time together. With his assistant, Mercedes (Nora Navas), he tells a doctor that he needs treatment for his backpain and heroin addiction.

In a flashback, his now-elderly mother (Julieta Serrano) accuses him of having left her and of not having been a good child. Before he can prove his love to her, she dies in the hospital instead of in the country, as she had wished. Salvador's assistant hands him an invitation to attend an art exhibition and he recognizes himself as the boy in a drawing on display. His memory flashes back to the cave home when the laborer was tiling the kitchen. Eduardo stops to sketch Salvador sitting in the sun, then says he needs to bathe. Salvador leaves to lie down on his bed, sweating from the heat, and faints from sunstroke when fetching a towel for Eduardo.

Back in the present day, and Salvador has bought Eduardo's portrait of him, which he had sent to his mother while Salvador was away at school but she had hidden from him. On the reverse side is a letter from Eduardo thanking Salvador for teaching him to read and write. Mercedes says it would be easy to find Eduardo again through Google or by asking around at the village, but Salvador dismisses the idea.

He finally undergoes surgery to remove a growth affecting his throat that was causing him to occasionally choke for no reason. In the final scene we revisit the young Salvador with his mother en route to their new home in the village of cave houses: they are having to sleep on the floor of a train station because the village they are passing through is having their local fiesta. The young Salvador watches the village's fireworks in wonderment, fixated on the spectacle, while his mother is visibly anxious and upset with her situation. The camera moves back and reveals a sound engineer recording the pair on the floor of a movie set. We see Salvador behind the camera, recreating a memory from his childhood on film, his creative crisis overcome.



El Deseo announced plans for the new film in April 2018, confirming Antonio Banderas and Asier Etxeandia as leads with Penélope Cruz and Julieta Serrano in supporting roles.[18] The trailer, which was aired on 31 January 2019,[19] revealed Rosalía has a role in the film.[20] In May 2018, Almodóvar was pictured with cinematographer José Luis Alcaine on Twitter, researching locations in the Province of Valencia.[21] The following June, Fotogramas reported that a large part of the filming would take place in Valencia, particularly in the municipality of Paterna.[22] The same month, Agustín Almodóvar posted a photo of his brother, Pedro, on set on Twitter, which were later followed by photos of Banderas, Sbaraglia and Cruz together in screen tests for the film.[22] Agustín Almodóvar, the film producer,[23] announced via Twitter that filming began on 16 July 2018.[24][25] It concluded after 44 days on 15 September 2018.[26]


The first trailer was released online on 31 January 2019.[27] The film's official poster was revealed on 11 February,[28] followed by another trailer on 18 February 2019.[29] The film's stars and Almodóvar himself attended a photo call in Madrid for the film on 12 March 2019,[30] before the premiere took place at the Cine Capitol in Madrid on 13 March.[31]

Pain and Glory was released in Spain on 22 March 2019. It was released in the United Kingdom by Pathé and 20th Century Fox on 23 August,[32] and received a limited release in the United States on 4 October, by Sony Pictures Classics.[33]


Critical response[edit]

On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 96% based on 263 reviews, with an average rating of 8.33/10. The website's critics consensus reads, "Pain and Glory finds writer-director Pedro Almodóvar drawing on his own life to rewarding effect -- and honoring his craft as only a master filmmaker can."[34] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 88 out of 100, based on 42 critics, indicating "universal acclaim."[35]

Initial Spanish critical reception of the film was generally positive.[36] Pain and Glory received an average score of 7.7/10 from 1,448 reviews on FilmAffinity,[37] and an average critical rating of 4.3/5 from 14 critical reviews on Sensacine.[38] Fotogramas gave the film a 5-star review who complimented the director's artistry.[39] El Periódico de Catalunya also gave the film five stars,[40] while ABC gave the film 4 out of 5 stars,[41] and El Confidencial gave the film 3 out of 5 stars.[42] Catalan daily Ara compared the film's twilight serenity and checked emotion to that of the masterpiece last films made by John Huston and Carl Theodor Dreyer (Gertrud).[43]

Time named Pain and Glory as the best film of 2019.[44]

Box office[edit]

The film drew more than 45,000 moviegoers in Spain on the Friday of release, making it the most-viewed film in the country of that day.[45][46] It was estimated the film earned 300,000 in its first day,[47] rising to €1.2 million in its first weekend.[48] By 12 September 2019, the film has grossed a total of €6.5 million in Spain, making it the highest-grossing Spanish film of the year at the box office. Worldwide, Pain and Glory has accrued $36.6 million.[3]


List of awards and nominations
Year Award Category Recipients Result Ref.
Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Pedro Almodóvar Nominated [49]
Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won [50]
Cannes Soundtrack Award Alberto Iglesias Won [51]
Queer Palm Pedro Almodóvar Nominated
Imagen Awards Best Feature Film Pedro Almodóvar Nominated
International Cinephile Society Awards Prix du Jury Pedro Almodóvar Won
Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won
Sydney Film Festival Best Film Pedro Almodóvar Nominated
23rd Hollywood Film Awards Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won [52]
84th New York Film Critics Circle Awards Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won [53]
45th Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards Best Foreign Language Film Pain and Glory Won [54]
Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won
32nd European Film Awards Best Film Pain and Glory Nominated [55]
People's Choice Award Pain and Glory Nominated
Best Director Pedro Almodóvar Nominated
Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won
Best Screenwriter Pedro Almodóvar Nominated
Best Production Design Antxon Gómez Won [56]
9th AACTA International Awards Best International Actor Antonio Banderas Nominated [57]
77th Golden Globe Awards Best Foreign Language Film Pain and Glory Nominated [58]
Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama Antonio Banderas Nominated
25th Critics' Choice Awards Best Foreign Language Film Pain and Glory Nominated [59]
Best Actor Antonio Banderas Nominated
34th Goya Awards Best Film Pain and Glory Won [60]
Best Director Pedro Almodóvar Won
Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won
Best Actress Penélope Cruz Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Asier Etxeandia Nominated
Leonardo Sbaraglia Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Julieta Serrano Won
Best Original Screenplay Pedro Almodóvar Won
Best Cinematography José Luis Alcaine Nominated
Best Editing Teresa Font Won
Best Art Direction Antxon Gómez Nominated
Best Production Supervision Toni Novella Nominated
Best Sound Sergio Bürmann, Pelayo Gutiérrez and Marc Orts Nominated
Best Costume Design Paola Torres Nominated
Best Makeup and Hairstyles Ana Lozano, Sergio Pérez Berbel and Montse Ribé Nominated
Best Original Score Alberto Iglesias Won
73rd British Academy Film Awards Best Film Not in the English Language Pedro Almodóvar and Agustín Almodóvar Nominated [61]
92nd Academy Awards Best International Feature Film Spain Nominated
Best Actor Antonio Banderas Nominated
31st GLAAD Media Awards Outstanding Film – Limited Release Pain and Glory Nominated [62]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Pain and Glory (15)". British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
  2. ^ "Pain and Glory (2019)". The Numbers. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Pain and Glory (2019)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  4. ^ "Arranca en Valencia el rodaje de la nueva película de Pedro Almodóvar". EFE (in Spanish). 16 July 2018. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  5. ^ Redacción (16 July 2018). "Una comarca de cine. Pedro Almodóvar y Achero Mañas ruedan estos días en Paterna y Torrent". Hortanoticias (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  6. ^ "Pedro Almodóvar rueda en Paterna su nueva película, 'Dolor y Gloria'". El Mundo (in Spanish). Valencia: Unidad Editorial. 17 July 2018. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  7. ^ "Sbaraglia se sumó a la nueva película de Almodóvar". La Nación (in Spanish). Grupo de Diarios América. 30 June 2018. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  8. ^ Marie De La Fuente, Anna (December 13, 2018). "Sony Pictures to Release Pedro Almodovar's 'Pain & Glory' (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  9. ^ "Cannes festival 2019: full list of films". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  10. ^ "Bong Joon-ho's Parasite Wins the Palme d'Or at Cannes". Variety. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Bong Joon-ho's Parasite wins Palme d'Or at Cannes film festival". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  12. ^ Jiménez, Jesús (5 September 2019). "'Dolor y gloria', de Pedro Almodóvar, representará a España en los Oscar 2020". RTVE (in Spanish). Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  13. ^ Jones, 2019 by Benjamin (5 September 2019). "Oscars: Spain Picks Pedro Almodovar's 'Pain and Glory' for International Feature Category". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  14. ^ Zacharek, Stephanie (November 25, 2019). "The 10 Best Movies of 2019". Time. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  15. ^ EFE (16 July 2018). "Ruedan en València la nueva película de Pedro Almodóvar". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Valencia. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  16. ^ Valencia, C. (14 July 2018). "Cuenta atrás para el rodaje de Almodóvar en Paterna". Las Provincias (in Spanish). Valencia. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  17. ^ C., R. (23 January 2019). "Primeras imágenes de 'Dolor y gloria', la nueva película de Almodóvar". La Razón (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  18. ^ Hopewell, John; de Pablos, Emiliano (17 April 2018). "Pedro Almodovar, Antonio Banderas, Penelope Cruz Team Up on 'Dolor y Gloria'". Variety. Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
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  20. ^ "Rosalía aparece en el tráiler de la nueva película de Almodóvar". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 18 February 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  21. ^ Velasco, Carmen (5 May 2018). "Pedro Almodóvar recorre Paterna en busca de localizaciones para su nueva película". Las Provincias (in Spanish). Valencia: Vocento. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  22. ^ a b Silvestre, Juan (18 June 2018). "'Dolor y gloria: primera imagen de Pedro Almodóvar en el set". Fotogramas (in Spanish). Hearst Magazines International. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  23. ^ "Comienza en Paterna el rodaje de la nueva película de Almodóvar". Levante - El Mercantil Valenciano (in Spanish). Editorial Prensa Valenciana, S.A. 16 July 2018. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  24. ^ Play Cine (16 July 2018). "Comienza el rodaje de "Dolor y gracia", la nueva película de Almodóvar". ABC (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  25. ^ EFE (17 July 2018). "Arranca el rodaje de la nueva película de Almodóvar". Diario de Córdoba (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  26. ^ Mullor, Mireia (16 September 2018). "Finaliza el rodaje de 'Dolor y gloria' de Pedro Almodóvar". Fotogramas (in Spanish). Hearst Magazines International. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  27. ^ Munzenrieder, Kyle. "Almodóvar's 'Dolor y Gloria' Trailer Unites Penélope Cruz and Antonio Banderas". W Magazine. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  28. ^ Press, Europa (11 February 2019). "Dolor y Gloria, lo nuevo de Pedro Almodóvar, presenta su cartel oficial". Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  29. ^ 20Minutos (18 February 2019). "Vídeo: Tráiler final de 'Dolor y gloria', lo último de Almodóvar". - Últimas Noticias. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
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  33. ^ Fleming Jr, Mike (1 May 2019). "Pedro Almodovar's 'Pain & Glory' Set For October 4 Bow By Sony Pictures Classics". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
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  36. ^ Silvestre, Por Juan (25 March 2019). "'Dolor y gloria' se convierte en el mejor estreno español del año". Fotogramas. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  37. ^ "Dolor y gloria (2019)". Retrieved 18 April 2019 – via
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  39. ^ Martínez, Por Beatriz (18 March 2019). "Dolor y gloria". Fotogramas. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  40. ^ Casas, Quim (20 March 2019). "CRÍTICA - Crítica de 'Dolor y gloria': el artista (Almodóvar) ante sí mismo". elperiodico. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  41. ^ "Crítica de "Dolor y gloria": Todo sobre mí y mi madre". abc. 21 March 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  42. ^ "'Dolor y gloria': Pedro Almodóvar se desnuda... pero no tanto". El Confidencial. 24 March 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  43. ^ "'Dolor y gloria', Pedro Almodóvar a la recerca del temps perdut". (in Catalan). 2019-03-21. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
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  48. ^ ""DOLOR Y GLORIA", DE PEDRO ALMODÓVAR, MEJOR ESTRENO DEL CINE ESPAÑOL 2019". El Blog de Cine Español (in Spanish). 24 March 2019. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
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  50. ^ Blanes, Pepa (25 May 2019). "Antonio Banderas gana el premio a mejor actor en Cannes: la Palma de Oro va para el coreano Bong Joon-ho". Cadena SER (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 May 2019.
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  52. ^ Hipes, Patrick; Hipes, Patrick (2019-10-22). "Hollywood Film Awards 2019 Winners List (So Far): Antonio Banderas, Renée Zellweger, Al Pacino, Laura Dern,'Endgame', More – Update". Deadline. Retrieved 2019-10-25.
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  56. ^ "JURY UNVEILS FIRST EIGHT EFA WINNERS" Check |url= value (help). https. Retrieved 2019-11-19.
  57. ^ Vlessing, Etan (January 3, 2020). "'Parasite' Named Best Picture by Australia's AACTA Awards". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 3, 2020.
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  59. ^ ""ONCE UPON A TIME…IN HOLLYWOOD" NAMED BEST PICTURE TAKES FOUR AWARDS AT 25th ANNUAL CRITICS' CHOICE AWARDS". Broadcast Film Critics Association. January 12, 2020. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
  60. ^ Lang, Jamie (December 2, 2019). "'Pain and Glory,' 'While at War,' Endless Trench' Lead Goya Nominations". Variety. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
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External links[edit]