Pain and Glory

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Pain and Glory
Theatrical release poster
SpanishDolor y gloria
Directed by
Written byPedro Almodóvar
Produced by
CinematographyJosé Luis Alcaine
Edited byTeresa Font
Music byAlberto Iglesias
Distributed bySony Pictures Releasing International
Release dates
  • 13 March 2019 (2019-03-13) (Madrid)
  • 22 March 2019 (2019-03-22) (Spain)
Running time
114 minutes[1]
Budget$10.8 million[2]
Box office$38.1 million[3][4]

Pain and Glory (Spanish: Dolor y gloria) is a 2019 Spanish drama film written and directed by Pedro Almodóvar.[5][6] It stars Antonio Banderas, Asier Etxeandia, Leonardo Sbaraglia, Nora Navas, Julieta Serrano, and Penélope Cruz.[7][8]

The film was released in Spain on 22 March 2019 to positive reviews.[9] It made its international debut at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival, where it competed for the Palme d'Or[10] and won two awards: Banderas for Best Actor and Alberto Iglesias for Best Soundtrack.[11][12] At the 92nd Academy Awards, Pain and Glory was nominated for Best International Feature Film,[13][14] and Banderas was nominated for Best Actor. Time magazine chose the film as the best movie of 2019.[15]


Spanish film director Salvador Mallo is in decline, both physically and mentally, which has made him reflective. His chronic back pain and headaches, in particular, have kept him from even considering trying to start a new project for several years, and recently he started to experience a persistent and troubling dysphagia.

Flavor, one of Salvador's old films, has just been restored, and he was asked to appear at a screening. He has not seen Alberto Crespo, the lead actor of the film, in 32 years, but he decides to reach out and ask if Alberto will help present Flavor. Their falling-out was centered around Alberto's heroin use during filming, so Alberto, who still smokes heroin, is surprised when Salvador asks for some when he is getting ready to smoke. Under the influence, Salvador remembers moving with his parents into a whitewashed cave-house in Paterna in the 1960s.

When Alberto arrives to take Salvador to the screening, Salvador decides not to go, but the moderator of the planned Q&A gets them to answer audience questions over the phone. Several people ask about the argument between Salvador and Alberto, and Salvador ends up repeating his old criticisms. Although he says he now approves of Alberto's performance, Alberto is enraged and leaves.

Salvador starts to regularly take heroin to manage his pain. He remembers when, as a small boy, his mother arranged for him to teach a young man named Eduardo how to read, write, and do math in exchange for work on the cave, and then used this as evidence of his intelligence to gain him admittance to a seminary. He did not want to leave home or become a priest, but, because they were poor, his mother saw it as the only way for him to get an education.[a]

To make amends, Salvador agrees to let Alberto stage, as a monologue, a story he wrote about a relationship he had in the early 1980s that fell apart due to his partner's heroin use. Coincidentally, Federico, who the story is about, goes to see the show, and Alberto gives Salvador's contact information to him. When the former lovers meet, Federico says he has been living in Argentina and this is the first time he has come back to Madrid in decades. He reveals that he has a wife, from whom he is separated, and two sons, and he has not dated a man since he broke up with Salvador. On his way out the door, Federico offers to stay the night, but Salvador says they should leave their romantic relationship in the past, and Federico insists Salvador come to Buenos Aires to meet his family.

Once he is alone, Salvador goes to take some heroin, but instead throws it all away. He sees doctors about his pain and dysphagia and admits to his heroin use and that he still has not recovered from either the death of his mother four years earlier or a back surgery two years after that. Salvador remembers when his mother lived with him near the end of her life and relates to his assistant, Mercedes, how she had told him she did not want him to write stories about her and thought he had always blamed her for sending him to the seminary. Although, before his mother died, Salvador was able to apologize for not being the son she wanted, he feels guilty he was not able to take her to her village to die, like he had promised.

Mercedes shows Salvador an invitation to a small art gallery that has a portrait of a small boy on it. He seems to recognize the painting, and, during a CT scan of his neck, remembers when Eduardo started it one day after working at the Mallos' cave-house. Eduardo cleaned himself up before leaving, and Salvador swooned when he went to bring the man a towel and saw Eduardo naked, marking his sexual awakening.[b]

After being told his dysphagia is being caused by a calcified growth in his neck, which can be removed, Salvador goes to the art gallery and learns that the owner had found Eduardo's portrait of him at a flea market. Salvador buys the painting and discovers a letter written on the back in which Eduardo thanks him for his help with writing and math and gives him an updated address so they can stay in touch.

On the way to have his operation, Salvador muses to Mercedes that his mother must have received the portrait, but never mentioned it to him at school. Mercedes asks if he will try to find Eduardo, but he says too much time has passed and what matters is that the painting finally made its way to him. Before Salvador loses consciousness from the anesthetic, he mentions to his doctor that he has started writing again. He is then seen on a film set directing a scene from his childhood.



El Deseo announced plans for the new film in April 2018, confirming Antonio Banderas and Asier Etxeandia as leads with Penélope Cruz and Julieta Serrano in supporting roles.[16] Rosalía's appearance in the film was revealed by her presence in the trailer, which premiered on 31 January 2019.[17][18]

In May 2018, Almodóvar was pictured researching locations in the Province of Valencia with cinematographer José Luis Alcaine.[19] The following June, Fotogramas reported that a large part of the filming would take place in Valencia, particularly in the municipality of Paterna.[20] The same month, Agustín Almodóvar, the producer of the film,[21] posted a photo on Twitter of his brother, Pedro, on set, which was later followed by photos of Banderas, Sbaraglia, and Cruz together in screen tests for the film.[20]

Agustín Almodóvar announced via Twitter that filming began on 16 July 2018.[22][23] The 44-day shoot concluded on 15 September.[24]


Pain and Glory was released in Spain on 22 March 2019. It was released in the United Kingdom by Pathé and 20th Century Fox on 23 August,[25] and received a limited release in the United States from Sony Pictures Classics starting on 4 October.[26]


Box office[edit]

The film drew more than 45,000 moviegoers in Spain on the Friday of its release, making it the most-viewed film in the country on that day.[27][28] It was estimated the film earned €300,000 in its first day[29] and €1.2 million in its debut weekend.[30] By 12 September 2019, the film had grossed a total of €6.5 million in Spain, making it the highest-grossing Spanish film of the year at the box office. Worldwide, Pain and Glory has earned $36.6 million.[4]

Critical response[edit]

On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 96% based on 299 reviews, with an average rating of 8.3/10; the website's critics consensus reads: "Pain and Glory finds writer-director Pedro Almodóvar drawing on his own life to rewarding effect -- and honoring his craft as only a master filmmaker can."[31] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 88 out of 100, based on 42 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[32]

Initial Spanish critical reception of the film was generally positive.[33] Pain and Glory received an average score of 7.7/10 from 1,448 reviews on FilmAffinity,[34] and an average critical rating of 4.3/5 from 14 critical reviews on Sensacine.[35] Fotogramas gave the film a 5-star review that complimented the director's artistry.[36] El Periódico de Catalunya also gave the film five stars,[37] while ABC gave the film 4 out of 5 stars,[38] and El Confidencial gave the film 3 out of 5 stars.[39] Catalan daily newspaper Ara compared the film's twilight serenity and checked emotion to that of the masterpiece last films made by John Huston (The Dead) and Carl Theodor Dreyer (Gertrud).[40]

Manohla Dargis of the New York Times gave the film a rave review and chose it as her Critic's pick of the week writing: "A great deal happens in “Pain and Glory,” just not ritualistically and not at top volume. Its agonies are tempered, its regrets hushed, its restraint powerful."[41] She also named it "The Best Movie of 2019".[42]

Time magazine named Pain and Glory as the best film of 2019.[43] The Guardian ranked the film at No. 10 on its list of the "50 best films of 2019".[44] Sight & Sound magazine named it the 6th-best film of the year.[45]

The movie has been said to be an homage to the works of Paul Auster.[citation needed] At one point, while Salvador is in a heroin-induced stupor, Alberto logs on to his computer. As the camera pans across the desktop screen, an icon entitled "Paul Auster" can be seen. The narrative structure and arc of the film, with its many coincidences (Federico stumbling upon the performance of the play; the discovery of Eduardo's portrait of Salvador many years after it was painted) are like a visual depiction of an Auster novel.

In an academic research, Shlomit Lir and Liat Ayalon wrote about the movie in relation to the myth of the absolute creator and of the danger of the process of regression into the world of creative arts, which is actualized in by the protagonist's inability to overcome the residues of the past. According to the authors, the absolute director is so deeply involved in his work that he find it difficult to speak any language other than cinema. [46]


List of awards and nominations
Year Award Category Recipients Result Ref.
2019 Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Pedro Almodóvar Nominated [47]
Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won [48]
Cannes Soundtrack Award Alberto Iglesias Won [49]
Queer Palm Pedro Almodóvar Nominated
Imagen Awards Best Feature Film Pedro Almodóvar Nominated
International Cinephile Society Awards Prix du Jury Pedro Almodóvar Won
Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won
Sydney Film Festival Best Film Pedro Almodóvar Nominated
23rd Hollywood Film Awards Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won [50]
84th New York Film Critics Circle Awards Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won [51]
45th Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards Best Foreign Language Film Pain and Glory Won [52]
Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won
32nd European Film Awards Best Film Pain and Glory Nominated [53]
People's Choice Award Pain and Glory Nominated
Best Director Pedro Almodóvar Nominated
Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won
Best Screenwriter Pedro Almodóvar Nominated
Best Production Design Antxon Gómez Won [54]
Huading Awards Best Global Motion Picture Pain and Glory Nominated [55]
Best Global Director for a Motion Picture Pedro Almodóvar Nominated
Best Global Actor in a Motion Picture Antonio Banderas Nominated
Best Global Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture Asier Etxeandia Nominated
Best Global Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture Julieta Serrano Won
Best Global Writing for a Motion Picture Pedro Almodóvar Nominated
2020 9th AACTA International Awards Best International Actor Antonio Banderas Nominated [56]
77th Golden Globe Awards Best Foreign Language Film Pain and Glory Nominated [57]
Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama Antonio Banderas Nominated
25th Forqué Awards Best Film Nominated [58][59]
Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won
25th Critics' Choice Awards Best Foreign Language Film Pain and Glory Nominated [60]
Best Actor Antonio Banderas Nominated
75th CEC Medals Best Film Pain and Glory Won [61][62]
Best Director Pedro Almodóvar Won
Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won
Best Supporting Actor Asier Etxeandia Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Julieta Serrano Nominated
Penélope Cruz Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Pedro Almodóvar Won
Best Cinematography José Luis Alcaine Nominated
Best Editing Teresa Font Nominated
Best Original Score Alberto Iglesias Won
34th Goya Awards Best Film Pain and Glory Won [63]
Best Director Pedro Almodóvar Won
Best Actor Antonio Banderas Won
Best Actress Penélope Cruz Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Asier Etxeandia Nominated
Leonardo Sbaraglia Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Julieta Serrano Won
Best Original Screenplay Pedro Almodóvar Won
Best Cinematography José Luis Alcaine Nominated
Best Editing Teresa Font Won
Best Art Direction Antxon Gómez Nominated
Best Production Supervision Toni Novella Nominated
Best Sound Sergio Bürmann, Pelayo Gutiérrez and Marc Orts Nominated
Best Costume Design Paola Torres Nominated
Best Makeup and Hairstyles Ana Lozano, Sergio Pérez Berbel and Montse Ribé Nominated
Best Original Score Alberto Iglesias Won
73rd British Academy Film Awards Best Film Not in the English Language Pedro Almodóvar and Agustín Almodóvar Nominated [64]
92nd Academy Awards Best Actor Antonio Banderas Nominated
Best International Feature Film Spain Nominated
29th Actors and Actresses Union Awards Best Film Actor in a Leading Role Antonio Banderas Nominated [65][66]
Best Film Actress in a Leading Role Penélope Cruz Nominated
Best Film Actor in a Secondary Role Asier Etxeandia Won
Best Film Actor in a Minor Role Leonardo Sbaraglia Won
Best Film Actress in a Minor Role Julieta Serrano Won
Susi Sánchez Nominated
31st GLAAD Media Awards Outstanding Film – Limited Release Pain and Glory Nominated [67]
62nd Ariel Awards Best Ibero-American Film Pain and Glory Won [68]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Unfortunately (as he mentioned earlier in the film), Salvador had a good voice, so the priests had him practice singing instead of going to his classes.
  2. ^ Though Eduardo and Salvatore's mother attribute his collapse to heat stroke.


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External links[edit]