Pain and Glory
|Pain and Glory|
|Spanish||Dolor y gloria|
|Written by||Pedro Almodóvar|
|Cinematography||José Luis Alcaine|
|Edited by||Teresa Font|
|Music by||Alberto Iglesias|
|Distributed by||Sony Pictures Releasing International|
|Box office||$38.1 million|
Pain and Glory (Spanish: Dolor y gloria) is a 2019 Spanish drama film written and directed by Pedro Almodóvar. It stars Asier Etxeandia, Antonio Banderas, Penélope Cruz, Julieta Serrano and Leonardo Sbaraglia.
The film was released in Spain on 22 March 2019 to positive reviews. It made its international debut at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival, where it competed for the Palme d’Or; Banderas won the award for Best Actor and Alberto Iglesias won for Best Soundtrack. Pain and Glory was nominated as the Spanish entry for Best International Feature Film at the 92nd Academy Awards, with Banderas also being nominated for Best Actor. It was chosen by Time magazine as the best film of the year.
Spanish film director Salvador Mallo is in the middle of a creative crisis. He is afflicted with various physical and mental ailments as his film Sabor (lit. Flavor) is remastered and re-released to appreciative audiences. Prompted by his friend Zulema, he calls Alberto Crespo, the lead actor of Sabor, with whom he has not spoken to for 32 years due to a quarrel over the actor's heroin use during filming. Salvador, who has not used it before, decides to smoke heroin with him. While under the influence, Salvador revisits some of his childhood experiences: one takes place during his childhood, where he moves into a whitewashed cave house with his father and mother, Jacinta. A local laborer and draughtsman named Eduardo learns to read and write under Salvador's tutelage.
After embarrassing him in an impromptu Q&A session, Salvador, to make amends, allows Alberto to use a personal piece of writing of his as a monologue for the stage so Alberto may revive his theatre career. The play is a success, telling the tragic story of Salvador and his lover Federico in 1980s Madrid which is fraught and ends due to Frederico’s addiction to heroin. Federico happens to be sitting in the audience during a performance. Federico (who has married a woman and had children in Argentina) meets Salvador in his apartment where the pair drink toasts to one another, reminisce, and passionately kiss before parting amicably. Salvador, at the end of the film, recognizes that his struggles with heroin and painkiller addiction mirrors that which he witnessed in Federico during their time together. He discards his remaining heroin and accompanied by his assistant Mercedes, he asks his doctor for help with his chronic back pain and heroin addiction.
In a flashback, Salvador's now-elderly mother accuses him of not being a good child. Before he can prove his love to her, she dies in the hospital instead of her village in the countryside. Mercedes hands him an invitation to attend an art exhibition; Salvador recognizes himself as the boy in a drawing on display. His memory flashes back to a morning at the cave home: Eduardo stopped tiling the kitchen to sketch Salvador sitting in the sun, then decided to bathe before finishing the drawing. Salvador leaves to lie down on his bed. Looking at the naked Eduardo his attraction is awakened. He faints, which Eduardo and his mother attribute to sunstroke.
Back in the present day, Salvador buys Eduardo's portrait of him; he reads the letter inscribed on the back which reveals Eduardo had sent the drawing to Jacinta while Salvador was away at school but she had not given to him. The letter ends with Eduardo thanking Salvador for teaching him to read and write. Mercedes says it would be easy to find Eduardo again through Google or by asking around at the village, but Salvador dismisses the idea saying the picture had finally reached him, its intended recipient.
He undergoes surgery to remove a growth affecting his throat that caused him to occasionally choke. In the final scene, a young Salvador waits with his mother en route to their new home in the village of cave houses. They sleep on the floor of a train station as the villagers outside celebrate a local holiday. The young Salvador watches the village's fireworks in wonderment, fixated on the spectacle, while his mother is visibly anxious and upset with their situation, reprising a previous recollection. The camera moves back and reveals a sound engineer recording the pair on the floor of a movie set. Salvador sits behind the camera looking at the monitor; in coming to terms with his relationship with his mother and past desires his creative crisis is finally overcome.
- Antonio Banderas as Salvador Mallo
- Leonardo Sbaraglia as Federico Delgado
- Asier Etxeandia as Alberto Crespo
- Cecilia Roth as Zulema
- Pedro Casablanc as Doctor Galindo
- Nora Navas as Mercedes
- Penélope Cruz as Jacinta (as a young woman)
- Julieta Serrano as Jacinta (elderly)
- Susi Sánchez as Beata
- Julián López as the Presenter
- Paqui Horcajo as Mercedes, the washer woman
- Rosalía as Rosita, the washer woman
- Marisol Muriel as Mari, the washer woman
- César Vicente as Eduardo, the carpenter-painter
- Asier Flores as Salvador Mallo (child)
- Agustín Almodóvar as the priest
- Luis Calero as brother José Maria
- Sara Sierra as Conchita, the daily help
El Deseo announced plans for the new film in April 2018, confirming Antonio Banderas and Asier Etxeandia as leads with Penélope Cruz and Julieta Serrano in supporting roles. The trailer, which was aired on 31 January 2019, revealed Rosalía has a role in the film. In May 2018, Almodóvar was pictured with cinematographer José Luis Alcaine on Twitter, researching locations in the Province of Valencia. The following June, Fotogramas reported that a large part of the filming would take place in Valencia, particularly in the municipality of Paterna. The same month, Agustín Almodóvar posted a photo of his brother, Pedro, on set on Twitter, which were later followed by photos of Banderas, Sbaraglia and Cruz together in screen tests for the film. Agustín Almodóvar, the film producer, announced via Twitter that filming began on 16 July 2018. It concluded after 44 days on 15 September 2018.
Pain and Glory was released in Spain on 22 March 2019. It was released in the United Kingdom by Pathé and 20th Century Fox on 23 August, and received a limited release in the United States on 4 October, by Sony Pictures Classics.
On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 96% based on 293 reviews, with an average rating of 8.3/10. The website's critics consensus reads, "Pain and Glory finds writer-director Pedro Almodóvar drawing on his own life to rewarding effect -- and honoring his craft as only a master filmmaker can." On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 88 out of 100, based on 42 critics, indicating "universal acclaim."
Initial Spanish critical reception of the film was generally positive. Pain and Glory received an average score of 7.7/10 from 1,448 reviews on FilmAffinity, and an average critical rating of 4.3/5 from 14 critical reviews on Sensacine. Fotogramas gave the film a 5-star review who complimented the director's artistry. El Periódico de Catalunya also gave the film five stars, while ABC gave the film 4 out of 5 stars, and El Confidencial gave the film 3 out of 5 stars. Catalan daily Ara compared the film's twilight serenity and checked emotion to that of the masterpiece last films made by John Huston and Carl Theodor Dreyer (Gertrud). Manohla Dargis of the New York Times gave the film a rave review and chose it as her Critic's pick of the week writing " A great deal happens in “Pain and Glory,” just not ritualistically and not at top volume. Its agonies are tempered, its regrets hushed, its restraint powerful." She also named it "The Best Movie of 2019".
Time named Pain and Glory as the best film of 2019. The Guardian ranked the film at No. 10 on it's list of the "50 best films of 2019". Sight & Sound magazine named it the 6th-best film of the year.
The film drew more than 45,000 moviegoers in Spain on the Friday of release, making it the most-viewed film in the country of that day. It was estimated the film earned €300,000 in its first day, rising to €1.2 million in its first weekend. By 12 September 2019, the film has grossed a total of €6.5 million in Spain, making it the highest-grossing Spanish film of the year at the box office. Worldwide, Pain and Glory has accrued $36.6 million.
|Cannes Film Festival||Palme d'Or||Pedro Almodóvar||Nominated|||
|Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Won|||
|Cannes Soundtrack Award||Alberto Iglesias||Won|||
|Queer Palm||Pedro Almodóvar||Nominated|
|Imagen Awards||Best Feature Film||Pedro Almodóvar||Nominated|
|International Cinephile Society Awards||Prix du Jury||Pedro Almodóvar||Won|
|Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Won|
|Sydney Film Festival||Best Film||Pedro Almodóvar||Nominated|
|23rd Hollywood Film Awards||Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Won|||
|84th New York Film Critics Circle Awards||Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Won|||
|45th Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards||Best Foreign Language Film||Pain and Glory||Won|||
|Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Won|
|32nd European Film Awards||Best Film||Pain and Glory||Nominated|||
|People's Choice Award||Pain and Glory||Nominated|
|Best Director||Pedro Almodóvar||Nominated|
|Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Won|
|Best Screenwriter||Pedro Almodóvar||Nominated|
|Best Production Design||Antxon Gómez||Won|||
|Huading Awards||Best Global Motion Picture||Pain and Glory||Nominated|||
|Best Global Director for a Motion Picture||Pedro Almodóvar||Nominated|
|Best Global Actor in a Motion Picture||Antonio Banderas||Nominated|
|Best Global Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture||Asier Etxeandia||Nominated|
|Best Global Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture||Julieta Serrano||Won|
|Best Global Writing for a Motion Picture||Pedro Almodóvar||Nominated|
|9th AACTA International Awards||Best International Actor||Antonio Banderas||Nominated|||
|77th Golden Globe Awards||Best Foreign Language Film||Pain and Glory||Nominated|||
|Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama||Antonio Banderas||Nominated|
|25th Critics' Choice Awards||Best Foreign Language Film||Pain and Glory||Nominated|||
|Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Nominated|
|34th Goya Awards||Best Film||Pain and Glory||Won|||
|Best Director||Pedro Almodóvar||Won|
|Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Won|
|Best Actress||Penélope Cruz||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actor||Asier Etxeandia||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Julieta Serrano||Won|
|Best Original Screenplay||Pedro Almodóvar||Won|
|Best Cinematography||José Luis Alcaine||Nominated|
|Best Editing||Teresa Font||Won|
|Best Art Direction||Antxon Gómez||Nominated|
|Best Production Supervision||Toni Novella||Nominated|
|Best Sound||Sergio Bürmann, Pelayo Gutiérrez and Marc Orts||Nominated|
|Best Costume Design||Paola Torres||Nominated|
|Best Makeup and Hairstyles||Ana Lozano, Sergio Pérez Berbel and Montse Ribé||Nominated|
|Best Original Score||Alberto Iglesias||Won|
|73rd British Academy Film Awards||Best Film Not in the English Language||Pedro Almodóvar and Agustín Almodóvar||Nominated|||
|92nd Academy Awards||Best Actor||Antonio Banderas||Nominated|
|Best International Feature Film||Spain||Nominated|
|31st GLAAD Media Awards||Outstanding Film – Limited Release||Pain and Glory||Nominated|||
|62nd Ariel Awards||Best Ibero-American Film||Pain and Glory||Won|||
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