Pain au chocolat

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pain au chocolat
Pain au chocolate
Pain au chocolate
Alternative namesChocolatine, chocolate bread, couque au chocolat
TypeViennoiserie sweet roll
Place of originFrance
Serving temperatureHot or Cold
Main ingredientsYeast-leavened dough, chocolate[1]

Pain au chocolat (French pronunciation: [pɛ̃ o ʃɔkɔla] (About this soundlisten), literally "chocolate bread"), also known as chocolatine (pronounced [ʃɔkɔlatin] (About this soundlisten)) in the south-west part of France and in Quebec, is a type of viennoiserie sweet roll consisting of a cuboid-shaped piece of yeast-leavened laminated dough, similar in texture to a puff pastry, with one or two pieces of dark chocolate in the centre.

Pain au chocolat is made of the same layered doughs as a croissant. Often sold still hot or warm from the oven, they are commonly sold alongside croissants in French bakeries and supermarkets.

Name[edit]

In France, the name of the pain au chocolat varies by region:

  • In the Hauts-de-France and in Alsace, the words petit pain au chocolat or petit pain are used.
  • In central France, in southern France and in Paris, pain au chocolat is used.
  • In southwestern France (Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Occitanie) and in Quebec, the word chocolatine is used.

In Belgium, the words couque au chocolat are also used.

They are often sold in packages at supermarkets and convenience stores, or made fresh in pastry shops.

Origins and history[edit]

Legend has it that Marie-Antoinette introduced the croissant to France, but croissants and pains au chocolat are a relatively modern invention.[3] The word croissant, which refers to a plain form of pain au chocolat shaped like a half-moon or "crescent", made its entry in the French dictionary in 1863.[4] The type of pastry, called viennoiserie in French, was introduced in the early 19th century, when August Zang, an Austrian officer, and Ernest Schwarzer, an Austrian aristocrat, founded a Viennese bakery in Paris located at 92, rue de Richelieu.

Originally, croissants and pains au chocolat were made from a brioche base but later evolved to incorporate a buttery flaky dough (pâte feuilletée).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Torres, Jacques. "Croissants, Pain au Chocolat, Pain Raisin and Danish". Food Network. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  2. ^ Tuesday's Tasting - Trader Joe's Chocolate Croissants
  3. ^ "History of the Croissant". 1-800-Bakery.com. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  4. ^ "D'ou viennent les sacrosaints Croissants et Pains au Chocolat?" (in French). Club Doctissimo. Retrieved 16 June 2017.