Lake County Courthouse in Painesville
Location of Painesville, Ohio
Location of Painesville in Lake County
|• Total||7.01 sq mi (18.15 km2)|
|• Land||6.83 sq mi (17.68 km2)|
|• Water||0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)|
|Elevation||676 ft (206 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,913.70/sq mi (1,124.92/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1044274|
Painesville is a city in and the county seat of Lake County, Ohio, United States, located along the Grand River 27 miles (43 km) northeast of Cleveland. Its population was 19,563 at the 2010 census.
Painesville was settled shortly after the Revolutionary War. It was still considered part of the Connecticut Western Reserve. General Edward Paine (1746–1841), who had served as a captain in the Connecticut militia during the war, and John Walworth arrived in 1800 with a party of sixty-six settlers, among the first in the Western Reserve. General Paine later represented the region in the territorial legislature of the Northwest Territory.
In 1800 the Western Reserve became Trumbull County and at the first Court of Quarter Sessions, the county was divided into eight townships. The smallest of these townships was named Painesville, for General Paine, and encompassed what later became the townships of Perry, Leroy, Hambden, Concord, Chardon, Mentor, and Kirtland. The township government was organized in 1802. The post office in Painesville was opened in 1803 with John Walworth as postmaster.
In what was to become the commercial center of the township was a settlement called Oak Openings, its name being descriptive of the scrub oaks and sandy soil. It was here in 1805 that Gen. Henry Champion laid out a village plat and called it Champion, a name that it carried only until incorporation in 1832, when the name "Painesville" was chosen in honor of General Paine. Two of his descendants, Eleazer A. Paine and Halbert E. Paine, later served as Union Army generals during the American Civil War.
In 1840 Lake County was created from portions of Geauga and Cuyahoga Counties, and Painesville was made the county seat and a courthouse erected. In 1852, the community of Painesville became a village, and in 1902 the village attained city status.
Painesville is located at (41.722793, -81.249597).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.01 square miles (18.15 km2), of which 6.83 square miles (17.68 km2) are land and 0.18 square miles (0.47 km2), or 2.59%, are water.
Painesville's Hispanic population increased elevenfold between 1990 and 2010. New residents were primarily immigrants from León, Guanajuato, the ninth-largest metropolitan region in Mexico. They had settled in Painesville after finding work in its plant nurseries.
As of the census of 2010, there were 19,563 people, 7,095 households, and 4,381 families living in the city. The population density was 3,110.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,200.9/km2). There were 7,867 housing units at an average density of 1,250.7 per square mile (482.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 68.2% White, 13.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 13.2% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.0% of the population.
There were 7,095 households, of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.8% were married couples living together, 18.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.3% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.33.
The median age in the city was 30.2 years. 28.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.9% were from 25 to 44; 20.5% were from 45 to 64; and 8.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.3% male and 49.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 17,503 people, 6,525 households, and 4,032 families living in the city. The population density was 2,928.6 people per square mile (1,130.1/km2). There were 6,933 housing units at an average density of 1,160.0 per square mile (447.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.99% White, 12.93% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 6.50% from other races, and 2.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.89% of the population. 15.2% were of German, 9.7% Irish, 9.4% Italian, 8.3% English and 5.5% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 85.6% spoke English and 13.2% Spanish as their first language.
There were 6,525 households, out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.4% were married couples living together, 16.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.7% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,842, and the median income for a family was $41,000. Males had a median income of $31,082 versus $23,346 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,391. About 13.4% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.
Public education in the city of Painesville is provided by the Painesville City Schools.
Hershey Montessori School is Painesville's independent school option that educates students from Birth through sixth grade. Its seventh through twelfth grade campus is located in nearby Huntsburg, Ohio.
The largest employers are the city government, county government, and the public school systems.
Other notable employers include a number of high-tech manufacturing companies:
Mar-Bal Corp. – specializes in thermoplastics manufacturing, injection molding, and finishing. Its headquarters and R&D department are located in Chagrin Falls; its Painesville facility employs about 200 people. There are additional locations in China and there is a sales office in Shanghai. It was named on the Inc. magazine's fastest growing companies in 2013.
Lubrizol – a specialty chemical and petrochemical company wholly owned by Berkshire Hathaway since 2011. The Painesville plant employs 350 with an additional 1200 employees in nearby Wickliffe, Ohio (its corporate headquarters) and 4,700 nation wide. Among its product is the gelling agent used to make hand sanitizer.
AeroControlex – manufacturer of control valves, pumps and control assemblies for industries including aerospace, marine, and nuclear power generation. It is owned by TransDigm Group. The Painesville facility is the Aero Fluid Products division.
Eckart America - owned by German-based chemical company Altana, produces patented pigments for paints and coatings, graphic arts, pyrotechnical and other industries. The Painesville facility is Eckart’s Ink Manufacturing and Graphic Arts Center.
In popular culture
The area in and around Painesville was used as the location for the filming of the 1964 feature film One Potato, Two Potato. The film, which was selected at that year's Cannes Film Festival, provides a glimpse of the era in the city's downtown, featuring its central park and surrounding architecture. The Lake County Courthouse and Painesville City Hall remain today. The Parmly Hotel, which is seen in the opening credits and occasionally throughout the film, has since been replaced by a shopping plaza and office complex.
- Daniel Carter Beard, Boy Scouts of America co-founder
- John S. Casement, Civil War general
- Joe Dolce, singer-songwriter and poet
- Harlan Ellison, author
- Larry Foust, NBA player
- Emma Sheridan Fry, actor, playwright
- Shell Kepler, actor
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- Eschines P. Matthews, Wisconsin State Assemblyman
- Danny Nardico, boxer
- Tom Orosz, NFL player
- Byron Paine, Wisconsin Supreme Court justice
- Paul Ryczek, NFL player
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- Don Shula, NFL player, coach
- Charles W. Stage, Ohio state representative, baseball umpire
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