Bishop Paiute Tribe
Bishop Paiute women's Labor Day parade float, 1940
|Regions with significant populations|
|United States ( California)|
|Mono, Timbisha, English|
|Related ethnic groups|
|other Northern Paiute and Timbisha peoples|
The Bishop Paiute Tribe, formerly known as the Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Bishop Community of the Bishop Colony is a federally recognized tribe of Mono and Timbisha Indians of the Owens Valley, in Inyo County of eastern California. As of the 2010 Census the population was 1,588.
The Bishop Paiute Tribe has a federal reservation, the Bishop Community of the Bishop Colony (Bishop, California. The reservation is on the lower slopes and alluvial fan of the Eastern Sierra Nevada Mountains and is 877 acres (3.55 km2) in size. Approximately 1,441 tribal members live on the reservation. The reservation was established in 1912. In 1990, 934 people were enrolled in the federally recognized tribe. The reservation was a result of Executive Order due to watershed acts during 1932 when President Hoover downsized the size of the land from 67,000 acres to roughly 900 acres to help the city of Los Angeles obtain resources. This was necessary in order for the Department of Water&Power to construct pipelines to allow the water to travel from Bishop to Los Angeles county. The Bishop reservation also has their own casino, a health care system (Toiyabe Clinic), a student learning center (Barlow Gym), and even a gaming commission.), in the upper Owens Valley, above the city of
The tribe is governed by a democratically elected tribal council. The current administration is as follows:
- Council chairman: Deston Rogers
- Vice Chair: Brian Poncho
- Secretary: Earleen Williams
- Councilmember: Bill Vega
- Councilmember: Jeff Romero
The tribal council changes every 2 years. Sometimes there are 3 members who are appointed during odd numbers of the year. It is also co-ed. The tribal council has power to appoint authorities to certain members of the tribe to represent departments like TANF or Public Works. The tribal council has the power to remove members from departments and committees. They also have the power to make ordinances, policies, sanctions, and distribute land to its members.
The Bishop Community traditionally spoke both the Timbisha language and Mono language, both of which are part of the Numic branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family. Timbisha is in the Central Numic and Mono is in the Western Numic divisions.
The tribe's headquarters is located in Bishop, California. The tribe is governed by an elected five-member tribal council. With over 2000 enrolled members, the Bishop Community is the Fifth largest Native American tribe in California. The tribe has its own tribal court and many programs for its members. For economic development, the Bishop Community created the Paiute Palace Casino and Tu-Kah Novie restaurant in Bishop.
Owens Valley Paiute Shoshone Cultural Center
The tribe operates the Owens Valley Paiute Shoshone Cultural Center located in Bishop, California. The center displays art and artifacts from area Paiute and Timbisha tribes and has an active repatriation program through NAGPRA. Their museum store sells contemporary beadwork, basketry, jewelry, quillwork, and educational materials.
- "California Indians and Their Reservations: Bishop Reservation." San Diego State University Library and Information Access. 2011. Retrieved 4 Sept 2013.
- Pritzker, 241
- "Northern Paiute." Four Directions Institute. (retrieved 8 Dec 2009)
- "Tribal History." Archived March 9, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Bishop Paiute Tribe. 2009 (retrieved 8 Dec 2009)
- "Paiute Palace Casino Bishop." 500 Nations. (retrieved 8 Dec 2009)
- OVPSCC-Museum. Archived August 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. (retrieved 16 Dec 2009)
- Mono traditional narratives
- Mono language (Native American)
- Timbisha language
- Population of Native California
- Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.