Pajala

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Pajala
Pajala Church, July 2004
Pajala Church, July 2004
Pajala is located in Sweden
Pajala
Pajala
Coordinates: 67°11′N 23°22′E / 67.183°N 23.367°E / 67.183; 23.367Coordinates: 67°11′N 23°22′E / 67.183°N 23.367°E / 67.183; 23.367
Country Sweden
Province Norrbotten
County Norrbotten County
Municipality Pajala Municipality
Area[1]
 • Total 3.78 km2 (1.46 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total 1,958
 • Density 518/km2 (1,340/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Pajala is a locality and the seat of Pajala Municipality in Norrbotten County, Sweden, with 1,958 inhabitants in 2010.[1]

History[edit]

Lars Levi Laestadius, the famous botanist, Lutheran minister, and founder of the revivalist movement Laestadianism, lived and worked in Pajala Municipality in the Mid-19th Century. He lived in Kengis, but in 1869 his house and grave and the whole church of Kengis were moved to Pajala.[2]

The town was mistakenly bombed by Soviet airplanes during the Finnish/Soviet Winter War, in spring 1940. Seven Soviet planes dropped 134 bombs, a mix of explosive and firebombs, which destroyed six buildings, badly damaging telephone wires, and making the streets impossible to drive on due to 43 big craters. No human deaths were recorded, although two persons were slightly injured.[3] Soviet officers later inspected the destruction and the Soviet Union paid damages to Sweden in 1940.

Literature about Pajala[edit]

The events in Mikael Niemi's book "Populärmusik från Vittula" (Popular Music from Vittula) occur mainly in Pajala. Vittula, or more properly Vittulajänkkä, is a colloquial name (vulgar in its Finnish-Sami etymology, at least) for a certain garden suburb in Pajala.

In another portrait of Pajala by Niemi, the crime novel "Mannen som dog som en lax" ("The Man who Died like a Salmon"), the author discusses the state of the minority language Meänkieli in Pajala today.

Climate[edit]

Pajala has a harsh subarctic climate[4] that is somewhat moderated by the influence of the North Atlantic. Its inland position and lower elevation cause warmer summers, and winters are a bit milder than most areas on similar parallels.

Climate data for Pajala, Sweden, 2002-2014
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 7.6
(45.7)
8.1
(46.6)
10.8
(51.4)
18.8
(65.8)
28.0
(82.4)
32.0
(89.6)
31.7
(89.1)
29.1
(84.4)
23.8
(74.8)
15.1
(59.2)
10.0
(50)
8.4
(47.1)
32.0
(89.6)
Average high °C (°F) −8.5
(16.7)
−7.4
(18.7)
−1.1
(30)
5.3
(41.5)
12.1
(53.8)
17.1
(62.8)
20.7
(69.3)
18.0
(64.4)
11.8
(53.2)
3.4
(38.1)
−3.0
(26.6)
−5.6
(21.9)
5.2
(41.4)
Average low °C (°F) −17.0
(1.4)
−17.5
(0.5)
−11.3
(11.7)
−5.0
(23)
0.9
(33.6)
6.5
(43.7)
9.5
(49.1)
6.8
(44.2)
2.3
(36.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
−10.8
(12.6)
−14.5
(5.9)
−4.4
(24.1)
Record low °C (°F) −45.2
(−49.4)
−43.2
(−45.8)
−40.0
(−40)
−29.1
(−20.4)
−14.3
(6.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
−1.7
(28.9)
−5.8
(21.6)
−13.9
(7)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−36.5
(−33.7)
−38.7
(−37.7)
−45.2
(−49.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 31.7
(1.248)
26.1
(1.028)
29.5
(1.161)
31.4
(1.236)
35.8
(1.409)
54.8
(2.157)
70.8
(2.787)
74.3
(2.925)
58.3
(2.295)
52.3
(2.059)
46.2
(1.819)
33.2
(1.307)
544.4
(21.433)
Source: SMHI[5]

References[edit]