Pajapita

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pajapita
Pajapita is located in Guatemala
Pajapita
Pajapita
Location in Guatemala
Coordinates: 14°43′00″N 92°02′00″W / 14.71667°N 92.03333°W / 14.71667; -92.03333
Country Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
Department Vlagsanmarcos.gif San Marcos
Government
 • Mayor (2016-2020) Walter López[1] (UCN)
Climate Am

Pajapita is a municipality in the San Marcos department of Guatemala.It was created on 31 May 1920, after the station of Vado Ancho on the Panamerican Railroad of Guatemala was built. Due to its privileged location on the way from Guatemala to Mexico, Pajapita enjoyed considerable development while the Guatemalan railways were owned by International Railways of Central America (IRCA}, an American company that belonged to the United Fruit Company. However, with the decline of the rail that followed the constructions of major highways in the country the importance of the town of Vado Ancho diminished, to the point that in the early 21st century it was completely abandoned.

Pajapita is called also "Land of the Almond trees".

Transport[edit]

Panamerican Railroad of Guatemala[edit]

Pajapita is located in Guatemala
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
Stations and stretches of the Panamerican Railroad that had been given in concession to Antonio Macías del Real in 1902.
  1. Vado Ancho, Pajapita, San Marcos
  2. Coatepeque, Quetzaltenango
  3. Caballo Blanco, Retalhuleu
  4. Las Cruces, Retalhuleu

Pajapita started developing with the construction of the Vado Ancho railroad terminal in the 1900s. On April 18, 1902, thanks to his excellent personal rapport with then president Manuel Estrada Cabrera, pharmacist and writer Antonio Macías del Real won the concession to build the Panamerican Railroad of Guatemala sections between Las Cruces, Retalhuleu and Vado Ancho in Pajapita; however, he could not finish the line to Coatepeque in Quetzaltenango Department and had to give away his rights to the Central Railway Company, who finished the section.[2] The original contract with Macías del Real had been extremely generous and had been signed by the lieutenant secretary of Economy, José Flamenco and approved by Estrada Cabrera; the contract authorized the exclusivity on the construction and usage of the railroad for twenty four years, counting from the moment the section was open to the public.[3] Besides, Macías del Real and his descendants would have enjoyed the revenue from the railway for 99 years, after which the line was supposed to go back to the State of Guatemala.[4]

Climate[edit]

Pajapita has tropical climate (Köppen: Am).

Climate data for Pajapita
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 33.7
(92.7)
34.1
(93.4)
35.0
(95)
34.7
(94.5)
34.2
(93.6)
32.7
(90.9)
33.2
(91.8)
33.4
(92.1)
32.8
(91)
32.6
(90.7)
32.8
(91)
33.0
(91.4)
33.52
(92.34)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.4
(79.5)
26.8
(80.2)
27.9
(82.2)
28.3
(82.9)
28.4
(83.1)
27.4
(81.3)
27.6
(81.7)
27.7
(81.9)
27.4
(81.3)
27.2
(81)
26.9
(80.4)
26.4
(79.5)
27.37
(81.25)
Average low °C (°F) 19.2
(66.6)
19.5
(67.1)
20.9
(69.6)
22.0
(71.6)
22.7
(72.9)
22.2
(72)
22.1
(71.8)
22.1
(71.8)
22.1
(71.8)
21.8
(71.2)
21.0
(69.8)
19.8
(67.6)
21.28
(70.32)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6
(0.24)
7
(0.28)
23
(0.91)
96
(3.78)
245
(9.65)
420
(16.54)
316
(12.44)
329
(12.95)
429
(16.89)
373
(14.69)
80
(3.15)
16
(0.63)
2,340
(92.15)
Source: Climate-Data.org[5]

Geographic location[edit]

Pajapita is surrounded by San Marcos Department municipalities, except by the southeast, where it borders Coatepeque, a Quetzaltenango Department municipality.[6]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "San Marcos elige autoridades municipales". Prensa Libre (in Spanish). Guatemala. 8 September 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 
  2. ^ Chavarría Smeaton 1970, p. 4.
  3. ^ Estrada Paniagua 1908, p. 24.
  4. ^ Estrada Paniagua 1908, p. 25.
  5. ^ "Climate: Pajapita". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 5 September 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c SEGEPLAN. "Municipios del departamento de San Marcos". Secretaría General de Planificación (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°43′N 92°02′W / 14.717°N 92.033°W / 14.717; -92.033