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For other uses, see Paju (disambiguation).
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Paju-si
 • McCune-Reischauer P'aju-si
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country  South Korea
Region Sudogwon
Administrative divisions 5 eup, 9 myeon, 2 dong
 • Total 672.78 km2 (259.76 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Total 427,668
 • Density 640/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Dialect Seoul

Paju is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. Paju was made a city in 1997; it had previously been a county (gun).[1]

The city area is 672.78km2,[2] and it is located just south of Panmunjeom on the 38th parallel. In 2015, the population of Paju has increased to 427,668.[2] To defend the South Korean capital, Seoul, many U.S. and South Korean army bases are set up in the city.[3] In 2002, the northernmost South Korean railway station, Dorasan, was opened. North Korean territory and Kaesong City can be seen from Mount Dora in the city.

City symbols[edit]


• Cosmos is Paju City's representative of flowers growing wild in Spring. It has very strong vitality, and symbolize unity and harmonious life as a citizen of Paju City. The flowers are neat and beautiful with different colors such as pale pink and red.


• Ginkgos are large and beautiful trees which are usually planted as street trees. People can obtain high-quality wood from them. Also, their leaves and fruits are used as a valuable medicine. Magnificent view of the trees means prosperity and eternal peace in Paju City.


• Pigeons are meek and gentle with soft feathers which follow humans well. They symbolize the peace and security of mankind, and they mean to desire the unification of the Korean Peninsula and the well-being of citizens .

Badge of Paju City

• The badge brings the look of Paju implicitly. Semiconductors, which symbolize high-tech industry, high-quality culture and books, and life based on the shape of the rice industry have represented the badge with the symbol Paju logo.[4]

Natural environment[edit]

Paju city has east and west low type of geographic trait. Many mountains are located in eastern Paju, assemble to create the border with Yangzhou. In northern Paju, mountains form the border with Goyang. Moreover, in central Paju some lower mountains spread toward south. For the major rivers in Paju, there are Imjin River and Han River. Imjin River flows between northern west and west, and Han River flows in western south of Paju. The average annual temperature of Paju is 10.5 ℃, the average January temperature is -4 ℃ and the average temperature is 25 ℃ in August. Lastly, annual precipitation of Paju is around 1,300㎜.[2]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Heyri Art Valley

Heyri Art Valley.jpg

•Heyri Art Valley is the largest art village in South Korea. People visit the village to see Korean culture and lots of genres of art. The area includes residences, workrooms and galleries for artists, museums and performance spaces designed by lots of artistic people. It was planned from 1998 and its name Heyri is derived from a traditional farming song of Paju. Architects tried to combine the view of nature with the valley when they make plan. The valley provides lots of entertaining art performances which are diverse to all ages. The attractive theme brings people to visit every weekend, and more people visit the valley in spring and autumn because it holds art festival during the seasons.[5]


Jangdan bean

Jangdan bean.jpg

• Jang dan beans is one of Paju’s famous traditional specialties. From a long time ago, crops have been important for Korean people’s livelihood because their land and environment were good for agriculture. Therefore, two major crops, rice and bean, have been developed time by time. Jangdan bean is one of them which has been harvested in Paju. Its name Jangdan is from a name of a village in Paju, which existed before the Korean War. Even the village is gone, people still call the bean as Jangdan bean because the place was used to mainly provide beans. However, in nowadays, Jangdan beans are only can be seen in unification village which is located between South Korea and North Korea. It attracts people to visit because the place is usually limited for civilians.[6]


Paju English Village

Paju Englush Village.jpg

• Paju English Village is a huge area which was constructed to teach children English and let them experience western culture. Hundreds of foreign teachers are hired in the village. The educational village pushes ahead various curriculum to provide several educational programs called "English Camp". To attend the programs, kids parents have to pay and send children to the village for several days. The length of the program is depending on the type of program. On the other hand, normal people also like to visit the village because of its visual and new cultural atmosphere.[7]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Paju is divided as follows:

  • Beobwon-eup (법원읍)
  • Paju-eup (파주읍)
  • Munsan-eup (문산읍)
  • Jori-eup (조리읍)
  • Wollong-myeon (월롱면)
  • Papyeong-myeon (파평면)
  • Jeokseong-myeon (적성면)
  • Gwangtan-myeon (광탄면)
  • Tanhyeon-myeon (탄현면)
  • Gunnae-myeon (군내면)
  • Jangdan-myeon (장단면)
  • Jinseo-myeon (진서면)
  • Jindong-myeon (진동면)
  • Gyoha-dong (교하동)
  • Geumchon1(il)-dong (금촌1동)
    • Geumchon-dong (금촌동)
    • Adong-dong (아동동)
    • Yadong-dong (야동동)
    • Geomsan-dong (검산동)
    • Maekgeum-dong (맥금동)
  • Geumchon-2(ii)-dong (금촌2동)
    • Geumchon-dong (금촌동)
    • Geumneung-dong (금능동)
  • Unjeong 1(il)-dong (운정1동)
    • Gyoha-dong (교하동)
    • Dangha-dong (당하동)
    • Wadong-dong (와동동)
  • Unjeong 2(i)-dong (운정2동)
    • Mokdong-dong (목동동)
  • Unjeong 3(Sam)-dong (운정3동)
    • Dongpae-dong (동패동)
    • Yadang-dong (야당동)

Military bases[edit]

  • Camp Bonifas and Camp Liberty-Bell (home to US/ROKA Joint Security Area)
  • Camp Dodge – closed
  • Camp Edwards – closed
  • Camp Garry Owen – closed
  • Camp Giant – closed
  • Camp Greaves – closed
  • Camp Howze – closed
  • Camp Irwin – closed
  • Camp Pelham – closed
  • Camp Semper Fidelis (home of 1st Provisional DMZ Police Co., 1st Marine Div. 1953-1956)
  • Camp Stanton – closed
  • Multi-Purpose Live Fire Complex (MLFC), also called Rodriguez Range or Rodriguez Live Fire Complex

Military cemetery[edit]

The Cemetery for North Korean and Chinese Soldiers was established in 1996 to hold the remains of Korean People's Army and Chinese People's Volunteer Army soldiers killed during the Korean War.[8] In March 2014 the Chinese remains were repatriated for reburial in Shenyang, China.[9]


Notable people[edit]

In media[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Paju is twinned with the following places:[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Welcome to Paju City
  2. ^ a b c Naver. "Paju(Gyeonggi-do Province)." Naver Encyclopedia of Knowledge. Naver, 2015. Web. 04 Mar. 2016.
  3. ^ South Korea's Paju Thrives Near the DMZ, WSJ 12 December 2012, retrieved 4 March 2015
  4. ^ Paju City. "Symbols of Paju." PAJU. Paju City, 2016. Web. 4 Mar. 2016.
  5. ^ Website Manager. "Notice." 100 Must-Visit Tourist Attractions. GyeongGi-Do, 19 May 2015. Web. 04 Mar. 2016.
  6. ^ Hwang, Gyoik. "Paju Jangdan Bean." A Loaf of Bread Is Better than the Song of Many Birds. Naver Cast, 3 Nov. 2009. Web. 4 Mar. 2016.
  7. ^ Yi, Hunbeomn. "Paju English Village Is Going To Open On Next Monday." Korea Joongang Daily [Seoul] 25 June 2010. Print.
  8. ^ "Remains of NK Soldiers Buried at Enemy Cemetery". Korea Times. Seoul. June 10, 2000. Retrieved May 13, 2014.   – via Questia (subscription required)
  9. ^ "S. Korea, China to hold talks on remains of Chinese war dead". GlobalPost. Yonhap. January 20, 2014. ; "China to build new site for burial of its war dead from S. Korea". GlobalPost. Yonhap. February 16, 2014. 
  10. ^ Lee, Cin Woo (16 March 2012). "Beyond Seoul: 19 reasons to explore Korea". CNN Go. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  11. ^ Lee Tae-hoon (February 20, 2012). "Business booms for illegal brothels on South Korea border". The Korea Times. Retrieved June 22, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Sister cities of Paju". Paju. Retrieved 2 September 2010. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°52′N 126°48′E / 37.867°N 126.800°E / 37.867; 126.800