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Pak Hon-yong in 1946
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
September 1948 – August 1953
|Preceded by||Position created|
|Succeeded by||Nam Il|
|General Secretary |
of the Workers' Party of South Korea
November 1946 – June 1949
|Preceded by||Position created|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
28 May 1900|
Yesan, South Chungcheong Province, Korean Empire
c. December 1955 (aged 55)|
Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
|Spouse(s)||Joo Se-juk, Jung Sunnyen, Yi Sunkeum, Yun Lena|
Daughter: Vivian Park, Nathesa Park|
Son: Park Byungsam
Lee Hakkyu (Mother)|
Park Hyin-ju (Father)
|Education||Kyŏngsŏng Ordinary High School(1919)|
|Alma mater||KyungKi High School|
Korean independence activists|
|Revised Romanization||Bak Heon-yeong|
|Hanja||而丁, 而靜, 而春|
|Revised Romanization||Ijeong, Ichoon|
Pak Heon-yeong (Hangul: 박헌영, Hanja:朴憲永, 28 May 1900 – December 1955?) was a Korean independence activist, politician, philosopher and Communist activist. One of the main leaders of the Korean communist movement during Japan's colonial rule (1910–45). His nickname was Ijung (이정) and Ichun (이춘), his courtesy name being Deokyeong (덕영).
During the Japanese occupation of Korea, he tried to organize the Korean Communist Party. However, when the Japanese authorities cracked down on the party, he went into hiding. After Korea's liberation, August 1945, he set up the Communist Party of Korea in the South, but under pressure from American authorities he moved to North Korea in April 1948. He attended a meeting with Kim Gu and Kim Kyu-sik on the subject of Korean reunification. He participated in collaboration with Kim Il-sung in the Korean War. In 1955, he was executed by Kim Il-sung's security forces as an American spy.
In 1921, he joined the Shanghai branch of the Communist Party of Korea, Irkutsk faction. At this time, he was secretary of the Korean Communist Youth League. In January 1922, he participated in the Comintern Far East People's Representative Council in Moscow.
Pak Hon-yong was arrested in Korea in April 1922 and was charged with being a Communist Party organizer. He was released in 1924 and became active as a reporter for the newspapers Dong-a Ilbo and Chosun Ilbo.
On 18 April 1925, Pak Hon-yong became one of the founders of the Communist Party of Korea. From this point until the end of World War II his activities were clandestine.
In 1926, he appeared in court. During the trial, he feigned insanity and ate feces, with the result that he was acquitted in November of that year. Afterwards, he was confined to his home due to his supposed ill-health, but in December he escaped by way of Manchuria to reach the Soviet Union. It was only then that the Japanese realized that he was feigning madness.
In the Soviet Union, he was educated in Communism, returning home in 1940. Back in Korea, he was active in the resistance to Japanese rule.
After World War II
Late in August 1945, the Communist Party of Korea was re-established, having been officially disbanded in 1928, and Pak became its secretary. On 5 January 1946, as its representative, he announced at a foreign and domestic press conference that, supporting the decision of the Moscow conference of great powers (UK, US, Soviet Union), Korea was now in the process of a "democratic revolution".
In December 1946, he organized the Workers Party of South Korea, and became its first secretary.
South and North Korea negotiations and life in North Korea
Pak Hon-yong became secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea when the North and South parties united in April 1950. Pak was the vice chairman of the Politburo of the DPRK from 1949 to 1953. Pak was Foreign Minister of the DPRK until he was ousted and arrested in 1953.
Arrest and death
Pak Hon-yong was arrested on 3 August 1953 in a purge of the formers members of the Workers' Party of South Korea by Kim Il-sung. On 15 December 1955, he was sentenced to death for espionage. The date of Pak's death is uncertain, though sources suggest that he was executed that same month.
- Modern society and our duty
- Historical viewed of Christian inner
- Communist Party of Korea
- Workers' Party of South Korea
- Workers' Party of Korea
- Kim Gu
- Kim Il-Sung
- Kim Kyu-sik
- Kim Won-bong
- Yuh Woon-Hyung
- Korean independence movement
- Politics of North Korea
- List of Korea-related topics
- Lankov, Andrei (2013). The Real North Korea. Oxford University Press. pp. 13 to 14. ISBN 978-0-19-996429-1.
- "영해박씨 박헌영". Bakssi Jokbo website. Retrieved 11 April 2006.[dead link]
- Suh, Dae-Sook (1988). Kim Il Sung: The North Korean Leader. New York: Columbia University Press. p. 136. ISBN 9780231065733.
- Paige, Glenn D.; Lee, Dong Jun (1963). "The Post-War Politics of Communist Korea". The China Quarterly (14): 17–29. JSTOR 651340.
- Deane, Hugh (1996). "Review of The Origins of the Korean War by Bruce Cumings". Science & Society. 60 (2): 252–254. JSTOR 40403565.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to:|
- Korea Times article by Andrei Lankov
- Brief profile
- Pak Hon-Yong:Nate
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- "박헌영이 미제 간첩? 제국주의와 맞서 싸운 애국자" 오마이뉴스 2010년 01월 04일자
- 부러져버린 ‘인민의 고무래’ 박헌영 ① 경향신문
- 부러져버린 ‘인민의 고무래’ 박헌영 ② 경향신문
- 이정식 교수, '여운형은 박헌영파에 암살' 주장 - 동아일보 매거진
- 조선공산당과 남로당 당수 박헌영 (1)[permanent dead link]
- 조선공산당과 남로당 당수 박헌영 (2)[permanent dead link]
| Leader of Joseon Communist Party