Pak Je-ga

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This is a Korean name; the family name is Pak.
Pak Je-ga
Park Chega.jpg
Pak Je-ga (1790)
Korean name
Hangul 박제가
Revised Romanization Bak Je-ga
McCune–Reischauer Pak Che-ga
Pen name
Hangul 초정
Revised Romanization Chojeong
McCune–Reischauer Ch’ojŏng

Pak Je-ga (Hangul박제가; Hanja朴齊家; 1750–1815) was a scholar of school of Practical learning (Silhak) in the late Joseon Dynasty.[1] He was a student of Park Ji-won.


Pak Je Ga was a famous Silhak scholar in the late Joseon Dynasty. He was a student of another famous Silhak scholar, Park Ji Won. Pak Je Ga was born in 1750 and died in 1815. Pak Je Ga went to Qing (also referred to as "Ching"), which was the name of China at that time, after becoming a student of Park Ji Won. He learned about China’s modern culture, advanced techniques, and its economic system while there. After returning from Qing, Park Ji Won worked in Jiphyeonjeon, a place where important scholars and scientists worked, during the time of King Jeongjo.


Because the Joseon government supported ‘Yuhak', a neo-Confucianist conservative ideology, Pak Je Ga had an important role and his desire was to make Joseon rich in science and commerce.

He authored several books; the compilation is titled, Jeongyungyp. He wrote about making the commerce system stronger in Umyoungnomchogo and Gunyeonjib. At that time, it was quite shocking to believe in Silhak, whose ideas opposed Yuhak.

Pak Je Ga developed the way of agriculture, and he also enhanced some of the farming machinery to cultivate plants.


  • Bukhakui (북학의 北學議)
  • Chungyujip (정유집 貞否集)
  • Myungnongchogo (명농초고 明農草稿)
  • Hangaekgunyeonjip (한객건연집 韓客巾衍集)
  • Shigo (시고 詩稿)
  • Muyedobotongji


  1. ^ Pyŏng-man An (2003). Elites and political power in South Korea. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-84064-971-0. 

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