Pak Noja

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Pak Noja
Prof. Vladimir Tikhonov (Pak Noja) San-Peterbur Khanon-214.jpg
Pak Noja (Vladimir Tikhonov)
(photo: Yuri Khanon, 2014)
Vladimir Tikhonov

February 5, 1973
NationalitySouth Korean
Other namesVolodja
Known forJournalist, Historian, Socialist
TitleProfessor of University of Oslo[1]
Political partyLabor Party[2]
Spouse(s)Paik Myong-jong
Pak Noja
Revised RomanizationBak Noja
McCune–ReischauerPak Noja

Pak Noja (born Vladimir Tikhonov on February 5,[4] 1973) is a Russian-born South Korean academic of Korean studies, and columnist.


Pak Noja was born to a Jewish family in Leningrad, Soviet Union. His Russian name is Vladimir Tikhonov (Russian: Владимир Тихонов),[5] but after immigrating to South Korea in 1997, he changed his name into a Korean name, Pak Noja and became naturalized as a South Korean citizen in 2001.[3]

Fascinated by Korean movies and classical literature during his high school days, he decided to study Korean history.[3] In his 16th year, he entered the department of Korean studies at St. Petersburg National University of Russia, and he made his first visit to Korea as an exchange student in 1991 and stayed in Seoul for about 3 months.[3]

After his bachelor's degree, Pak kept studying Korean history and was granted a doctorate from Moscow State University with his thesis about Gaya,[6] a combination of city states which lasted until the 6th century in southern part of Korea.

While working on his degree, in 1992, Pak met a Korean violinist, Paik Myong-jong (백명정, 1971- ) who was at that time studying at the Leningrad University of Russia; they married in 1995.

Pak worked on translating Korean literature into Russian and wrote several liberal arts and sociology books about Korean culture and politics, including his best-selling book, ‘your Korea (당신들의 대한민국)’. His writings made him known as one of Korea’s influential progressive intellectuals, and brought on many controversial issues within Korea by sharp criticism.[7]

Pak has taught Russian at Kyunghee University of Korea, and is currently teaching Korean studies as a professor at the Department of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages, University of Oslo in Norway.[3]

Statements on China[edit]

In 2009, he made the remark that the "Korean economy will be annexed by the Chinese economic zone within 5–10 years". The Korean left responded critically to this claim, but Pak went on to clarify his thesis. According to his column, "it is not proper, I just said inescapable".[8]

Moreover, he supported the Chinese government with respect to Liu Xiaobo's Nobel Peace Prize. Pak criticized Liu Xiaobo as a "follower of Western countries" and "a supporter of colonialism in China". According to Pak, "the process of democratization in China is not only elite, but also working-class".

Pak suggests that Liu's support in his Charter 08 of 'legislative democracy' and the 'protection of private property' raises doubts on whether "Liu Xiaobo wants a 'non-communist, dictatorial China' or a 'worker-friendly China'". Pak claims that "true reform must be undertaken by the working class".[9]


  • Your Korea 2 (당신들의 대한민국2, 2006)[10]
  • I Accuse of the Century of Violence (나는 폭력의 세기를 고발한다, 2005)
  • The History which Betrayed Me (나를 배반한 역사, 2003)[7]
  • There are Right and Left but not High and Low (좌우는 있어도 위아래는 없다 (박노자의 북유럽 탐험), 2002)[7]
  • Your Korea 1 (당신들의 대한민국1, 2001)[10][11]
  • Imaginative Power Changing the 21st Century (6인 6색 21세기를 바꾸는 상상력, 2005)
  • Surviving in a Swirl of the Great Powers (열강의 소용돌이에서 살아남기, 2005)
  • Realization in My Early Days (젊은 날의 깨달음, 2005)
  • The Age of Anxieties, in the Middle of Pain (불안의 시대 고통의 한복판에서, 2005)
  • The Empire of a White Mask (하얀 가면의 제국 (오리엔탈리즘, 서구 중심의 역사를 넘어), 2003)
  • Outsiders 6,8,10,12,13 (아웃사이더 6,8,10,12,13, 2002~2003)
  • In the Front Line of Our History (우리 역사 최전선, 2003)
  • Monuments of Deserters (탈영자들의 기념비, 2003)


  1. ^ "Vladimir Tikhonov". University of Oslo (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2014-03-11.
  2. ^ 박노자, 진보신당 입당의 변[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d e Jeon, Ju-hui (전주희). 당신들의 대한민국]열심히 사랑한 그대, 떠나라! - 귀화 러시아인 박노자가 바라본 한국 사회의 초상 (in Korean). Retrieved 2010-01-21.
  4. ^ 중앙선거관리위원회 선거통계시스템|후보자상세정보|기본정보[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ 제2회 한중일 천태학술대회 外 (in Korean). 1999-11-19. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
  6. ^ 옛 소련 사학자가 쓴 ‘…고대불교사’ 譯刊 (in Korean). 1999-01-02. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
  7. ^ a b c (온라인 인기 도서) 5월 둘째주(종합, 비즈니스와 경제) (in Korean). 2003-05-21. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
  8. ^[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ 노벨 평화상 유감 - 유효파 선생, 서구의 화려함에 넋을 잃으셨나요? "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2012-01-04.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ a b 화제의 책] 왼쪽으로 더 왼쪽으로 - 당신들의 대한민국 세 번째 이야기 (in Korean). Archived from the original on 2011-10-06. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
  11. ^ khan (2009-10-29). (지령 20000호 특집) 압축성장 ‘다면체의 삶’ (in Korean). Retrieved 2010-01-21.

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