Pak Phanang District

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Pak Phanang

ปากพนัง
Beach in Pak Phanang
Beach in Pak Phanang
District location in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province
District location in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province
Coordinates: 8°21′30″N 100°12′24″E / 8.35833°N 100.20667°E / 8.35833; 100.20667Coordinates: 8°21′30″N 100°12′24″E / 8.35833°N 100.20667°E / 8.35833; 100.20667
CountryThailand
ProvinceNakhon Si Thammarat
SeatPak Phanang Fang Tawan-ok
Area
 • Total422.5 km2 (163.1 sq mi)
Population
 (2005)
 • Total107,505
 • Density254.4/km2 (659/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code80140
Geocode8012

Pak Phanang (Thai: ปากพนัง, pronounced [pàːk pʰā.nāŋ]) is a district (amphoe) of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, southern Thailand.

The name of district means 'sheltered mouth', referring to the mouth of the Pak Phanang River protected from the open sea by a long peninsula.

History[edit]

During the thesaphiban administrative reforms the district was created in 1895 with the name Bia Sad (เบิ้ยซัด). On 22 March 1903 it was renamed Pak Phanang,[1] a name first recorded for the area in 1665.

On 25 October 1962 Tropical Storm Harriet hit the district. The low Talumphuk peninsula to the north of the district was completely devastated, and even in the town Pak Phanang itself the storm surge made the water rise four metres. The flooding caused more than 1,000 fatalities and many more homeless.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Neighboring districts are (from the south clockwise): Hua Sai, Chian Yai, Chaloem Phra Kiat and Mueang Nakhon Si Thammarat. To the east is the Gulf of Thailand.

The most striking geographical feature is the long elongated peninsula Talumphuk, which is formed of sand deposited by the predominantly northward current interacting with the outflow of the Pak Phanang River (Thai: แม่น้ำปากพนัง). The shallow bay formed by the peninsula is about 3 km wide at the mouth of the river and 10 km at the top of the peninsula. Originally the coastline of the bay consisted of tidal flats and mangrove forests, however a lot of the western coast had been converted into shrimp farms.

Economy[edit]

"Bird's nest condos" are said to dominate the skyline of the district. The purpose-built buildings were constructed to encourage nest building by edible-nest swiftlets when the price of edible bird's nests boomed following the 1997 Asian financial crisis. Pak Phanang has more than 500 farm buildings and each can generate income of around 50 million baht per year. As of 2018 the export price of farmed nests is around 80,000 baht per kilo. Exported to China, the price doubles, selling for up to 160,000 baht per kilo. In Thailand, the number of nests extracted from caves is roughly 300 tonnes per year compared with just 100 tonnes from buildings, largely attributable to artificial birdhouses being illegal in Thailand. The business is "grey" and "underground".[2]

Administration[edit]

The district is divided into 18 sub-districts (tambons), which are further subdivided into 133 villages (mubans). Pak Phanang is a town (thesaban mueang) which includes tambon Pak Phanang and parts of tambon Hu Long, Pak Phanang Fang Tawan Tok, Pak Phanang Fang Tawan Ok, and Bang Phra. There are a further 17 tambon administrative organizations.

No. Name Thai name Villages Pop.
1. Pak Phanang ปากพนัง - 13,068
2. Khlong Noi คลองน้อย 19 12,002
3. Pa Rakam ป่าระกำ 11 4,780
4. Chamao ชะเมา 7 3,666
5. Khlong Krabue คลองกระบือ 13 6,609
6. Ko Thuat เกาะทวด 8 5,614
7. Ban Mai บ้านใหม่ 8 4,021
8. Hu Long หูล่อง 7 6,071
9. Laem Talumphuk แหลมตะลุมพุก 4 2,251
10. Pak Phanang Fang Tawan Tok ปากพนังฝั่งตะวันตก 4 9,444
11. Bang Sala บางศาลา 9 2,735
12. Bang Phra บางพระ 4 6,559
13. Bang Taphong บางตะพง 4 1,159
14. Pak Phanang Fang Tawan Ok ปากพนังฝั่งตะวันออก 8 11,648
15. Ban Phoeng บ้านเพิง 8 3,330
16. Tha Phaya ท่าพยา 10 5,274
17. Pak Phraek ปากแพรก 9 3,885
18. Khanap Nak ขนาบนาก 10 5,389
 Map of Tambon

References[edit]

  1. ^ แจ้งความกระทรวงมหาดไทย: เปลี่ยนชื่ออำเภอ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 19 (52): 1010. March 15, 1903.
  2. ^ Panyaarvudh, Jintana (11 October 2018). "An economic nesting ground". The Nation. Retrieved 12 October 2018.

External links[edit]

  • amphoe.com
  • Boromthanarat, S., Cobb, S., Lee, V. (1991). Coastal Management in Pak Phanang: A Historical Perspective of the Resources and Issues. Hat Yai, Thailand: Coastal Resources Institute, Prince of Songkla University [1]