Pak Tai

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This article is about the "Northern Emperor" known as Beidi (北帝). For the "Northern Barbarians" (北狄), see Beidi.
Pak Tai Temple in Wan Chai, Hong Kong.
Pak Tai Temple in Cheung Chau, Hong Kong.
Construction of a pavilion for the bun festival in Cheung Chau.

Pak Tai is the Cantonese name of the Chinese god 北帝 (pinyin: Běidì, lit. The Northern Emperor). Many Chinese celebrate his birthday on April 21.[citation needed]


Pak Tai, also known as Yuen Tin Sheung Tai (玄天上帝, lit. "Dark" or "Mysterious Supreme Emperor of Heaven"), is said to have been a prince[which?] of the Shang Dynasty. During the fall of the Shang, the Demon King[which?] ravaged the world. The Taoist god Yuen Chi Tin Chuen (元始天尊) ordered the Jade Emperor to appoint Pak Tai as the commander of twelve heavenly legions to fight this evil. Pak Tai defeated the Demon King and was subsequently granted the title of Yuen Tin Sheung Tai. In Pak Tai temples, the bronze tortoise and serpent under the feet of Pak Tai's image signifies that the good always prevails over evil.[1]


In Hong Kong, it is worshipped among other places in:[1]


  • A festival is held on the island of Taipa in Macau. The celebration at the Pak Tai Temple includes an opera-styled performance
  • Annual Bun Festival in Cheung Chau Island, Hong Kong, held in front of the Pak Tai Temple.

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