Pakanic languages

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Palyu, Mangic
Linguistic classification: Austroasiatic
  • Pakanic
Glottolog: mang1377  (partial match)[1]

The Pakanic languages, also known as Palyu and often including Mangic, are a tentative, recently identified branch of Austroasiatic languages. They are spoken in southern China and northern Vietnam.


Paul Sidwell's tentative classification is as follows.[2]

In 1990, Paul K. Benedict had argued for the Mangic languages to be a separate Mon-Khmer branch. However, Gérard Diffloth later suggested an affinity with Palaungic. Nguyen Van Loi also classified Mangic within the Samtau group of Waic with Palaungic, although he later classified Mangic as a sister of Waic (Sidwell 2009:133). Peiros (2004) includes Mang within Pakanic. However, Paul Sidwell questions whether and how many of the languages will prove to be a new branch of Austroasiatic, since many languages classified as Mangic may in fact be Palaungic and Khmuic.

However, Li Yunbing (2005) separates these languages into a Pakanic branch and Mangic branch (Li 2005:307). According to Li (2005), Mangic is sometimes merged into Palaungic.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Mangic". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^
  • 李云兵 / Li Yunbing. 2005. 布赓语研究 / Bugeng yu yan jiu (A Study of Bugeng [Bugan]). Beijing: 民族出版社 / Min zu chu ban she.

Further reading[edit]

  • Dao Jie 刀洁. 2007. Bumang yu yanjiu 布芒语研究 [A study of Bumang]. Beijing: 民族出版社 [Nationalities Publishing House].
  • 李旭练 / Li Xulian. 1999. 倈语硏究 / Lai yu yan jiu. Beijing: 中央民族大学出版社 / Zhong yang min zu da xue chu ban she.
  • 高永奇 / Gao Yongqi. 2003. 莽语硏究 / Mang yu yan jiu (A Study of Mang). Beijing: 民族出版社 / Min zu chu ban she.
  • 高永奇 / Gao Yongqi. 2004. 布兴语研究 / Buxing yu yan jiu (A Study of Buxing). Beijing: 民族出版社 / Min zu chu ban she.
  • 陈国庆 / Chen Guoqing. 2005. 克蔑语研究 / Kemie yu yan jiu (A Study of Kemie). Beijing: 民族出版社 / Min zu chu ban she.

External links[edit]