Pakistan–United States skirmishes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The border skirmishes between the United States and Pakistan were the military engagements and confrontations between Pakistan and the United States that took place along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border from late 2008 to late 2012 resulting in the deaths of 42 Pakistani personnel with no U.S. casualties. These incidents involved the U.S. Forces-Afghanistan Command and ISAF forces, who had been present in Afghanistan fighting Taliban and al-Qaeda insurgency, and the unified Western military command of the Pakistan Armed Forces against one another in a series of skirmishes that ceased shortly after the 2011 NATO attack in Pakistan. The two sides ultimately made peace and continued collaboration operations against insurgent groups in Pakistan following an official, however brief, apology from then-U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on 3 July 2012 over the loss of life suffered by the Pakistani military.

Background[edit]

Since the beginning of the Global War on Terrorism in late 2001 and the subsequent U.S. invasion of Afghanistan to oust the Taliban and al-Qaeda movement, the U.S. has launched several air strikes across into northwest Pakistan to target militants connected with the Afghanistan war who it alleges have fled the country and sought temporary shelter in Pakistan's bordering tribal areas. These strikes have been protested against by Pakistan, as a violation of national sovereignty, and have resulted in tense diplomatic relations between the two countries. They have also caused an uproar among Pakistan's civilian population and politicians and have fueled anti-American sentiments. Since June 2004,[1] the United States military has launched dozens of unmanned aerial vehicle strikes against presumed Taliban targets, killing hundreds[1] of militants and civilians,[2] increasing in intensity post-2009. These drone strikes have been subject to heavy criticism from Pakistan, which maintains that they are not the best way to fight terror and that they will have the inevitable result of uniting the tribesmen along the border with Taliban and against the U.S.

Pakistan has previously coordinated with the U.S. on missile strikes but the U.S. has since conducted strikes without informing Pakistani authorities.[3] Pakistani troops were then ordered to counteract. Several specific actions developed, although no serious diplomatic spats on either side have been reported yet. The actions are listed below.

Incidents[edit]

Gora Prai incident[edit]

On 10 June 2008, 10 Pakistani paramilitary troops from the Frontier Corps and a Pakistan Army major, were killed by a US airstrike in Pakistani tribal areas. The airstrike occurred following clashes between Taliban fighters and Afghan troops. Afghan troops ordered an airstrike against the Taliban which, according to the US, accidentally hit a Pakistani post. [4]

Standoff of September 15, 2008[edit]

CH-47 Chinook helicopters have been used to Pakistan army since 1998 troops up to and across the border between Afghanistan and South Waziristan

Pakistani troops fired warning shots into the air to deter Afghan troops from entering Pakistan. It occurred on the Afghan side of the Afghanistan-Pakistan border close to Angoor Ada, some 30 kilometers from Wana, the main town in South Waziristan in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan.

Seven US helicopter gunships and two troop-carrying Chinook helicopters landed on the Afghan side of the border, in the Afghan province of Paktika, where US troops then tried to cross the border into Pakistan. As they did so, Pakistani paramilitary soldiers at a checkpoint began firing warning shots into the air and the US troops decided not to continue forward. The firing reportedly lasted for several hours. Local tribesmen also evacuated their homes and took up defensive positions in the mountains after placing women and children out of harm's way.[5]

The standoff occurred less than two weeks after the 3 September 2008 Angoor Ada raid, during which U.S. Special Forces conducted a raid inside Pakistani territory. That incident caused much consternation and protests in Pakistan, over the violation of Pakistan's sovereignty.

Lowara Mandi incident[edit]

Two AH-64 Apache helicopters were intercepted over Pakistani territory

On 21 September 2008 at 10 pm local time, in the Ghulam Khan district of North Waziristan Pakistani soldiers fired on two American helicopter gunships, that entered Pakistani airspace, with 12.7 mm heavy machine guns. The helicopters stopped and hovered for a while, before returning over the border to Afghanistan without retaliation. It is unknown if any of the helicopters sustained any damage in this first incident.[6][7]

Thirty minutes later, two gunships attempted to cross the border again at the same place. Pakistani regular and Frontier Corps troops fired warning shots into the air and away from the helicopters, causing the helicopters to turn back without attacking any targets in Pakistan.[8]

Tanai incident[edit]

On 25 September 2008 Pakistani troops fired on two American OH-58 Kiowa reconnaissance helicopters; U.S. ground troops, who the helicopters were supporting, returned fire. No one was injured on either side and the helicopters were undamaged. American and NATO officials asserted that the helicopters were flying within Afghan territory to protect an armed patrol. Pakistani officials declared that the helicopters were inside Pakistani territory and were fired upon by "flares" as a warning.[9]

Kurram incident[edit]

On 30 September 2010. U.S. helicopters entered Pakistani airspace after ground troops determined that a mortar attack by militants in Pakistan was imminent, according to the Coalition. Pakistani Frontier Corps troops manning the Mandata Kadaho border post fired warning shots, and the helicopters responded by firing two missiles that destroyed the post. Three soldiers were killed and another three wounded. Pakistan responded by closing a key NATO supply route for eleven days.[10]

Datta Khel incident[edit]

On May 17, 2011, a skirmish between a U.S. helicopter and Pakistani forces took place in the Datta Khel area. According to NATO, an American base along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border took direct and indirect fire from Pakistan. Two U.S. helicopters flew into the area. According to the Pakistani military, the helicopters had breached its airspace. Pakistani forces fired at a helicopter twice, and the helicopter returned fire, injuring two soldiers. Pakistan reportedly deployed two attack helicopters, which arrived after the U.S. helicopters had left.[11][12]

Salala incident[edit]

AH-64 Apache (2233201139).jpg

On 26 November 2011, 28 Pakistani soldiers,[13] including 2 officers,[14][15][16] were killed and the remainder injured in an attack on two Pakistani border posts in Mohmand tribal region by NATO Apache helicopters, an AC-130 gunship and fighter jets.[17][18] There were a total of 40 soldiers present in the check post and the raid took place at night while most of them were sleeping or resting.[18][19][20] The attack was the deadliest strike to date on Pakistani soil by NATO.[21] Pakistan claimed that there was no militant activity along the Afghan border region when NATO conducted the attack.[22] Pakistan immediately suspended all NATO supplies to Afghanistan in the aftermath of the attack.[18][22][23] Pakistan later also ordered the U.S. to completely shut down operations and vacate the Shamsi Airfield in Balochistan, which the U.S. reportedly uses for launching drone attacks in Pakistan, within a time frame of 15 days.[2][24]

The retired Brigadier Mahmood Shah, former chief of security in the tribal areas (as well as thousands of local civilians in said areas as well), who all know how much he and his covert units working w/Russia's FSB and their GRU, and not just Iran and others, but proxy groups that have what most Western and Eastern alliances have used for "hybrid warfare"---though a much more Russian tactic than American--(a favorite tactic, though, especially used to "disappear" well-renowned journalists who support a free, vote-worth public in both neighbors) which supposedly are repeatedly being corroborated even in modern times (as well as corroborated by the poisoned ex-spy and his daughter later after Putin's GRU attacked him), while living in Britain. Being one of numerous (to say the least, as many Islamabad "independent journalists" have said, that he is one of too-many-to-count in regards to desires for a military coup). The men involved, led by Shah's circles (who are never penetrated by intelligence agencies outside of several "undocumented" Mi6/UK Special Reconnaissance Regiment units who were fortunate to get hard enough intelligence for Trump years later) to finally pull Pakistan's funding. Even, several unnamed sources inside Pakistan's most hardliners feel that it may be too late to continue a fight on several fronts (mainly, vs. India, certain Russian anti-Muslim elements, and the CIA's SAD/SOG which have, if anything, tried to assist them in stopping and eliminating the very methodically "genocidal" cells inside the main metro areas in Pakistan. It is also well known that the shadow supporters of such brazenly boastful jihadist networks have spoken in an "purposefully obtuse way in order that the U.S would fall back into the habit of trusting their ISI." (*Unnamed Source Inside Current Pakistani Parliament). Also, the very fact the attacks that have dwarfed most of the today's current Taliban/AQ networks run by groups like the L.E.T and others, which subordinate covert actions officers (many with the same opiate dependencies documented by VICE TV News and that are used to blackmail and/or extort normally secular assets in the ISI to have since swore in courts all over the globe, that Mahmood Shah's inner circle has even discussed (and planned "straightened asymmetric attacks, using anti Western anger among common tribes in the US/Coalition areas in the latter half of the new "Trump Strategy" of finding absolutely complicit and well-trained "former ISI covert 'Secret Services groups based in Karachi" to cause hundreds of disappearances of any civilian Pakistani citizens who reported any "strange military 'drills' in the area right before a major blast would take place.

   Worst of all, these were not just done w/the confirming "nod of approval" from what one could refer to as "the Paks' own version of Russian 'Oligarchs', and that their rehearsed test runs on NATO targets in the Af/Pak AOR, while also having located nearly unending funding. Ironically, hundreds of Al Jazeera lower-level reporters (who have requested to me relocated and given new identities for their families protection etc) have absolutely given irrefutable SIGNALS and Human Intel proof that, not only is he and many other older Generals that wanted previous Presidents and PMs killed in order to silence their dissidents, hee said that so far the U.S. has blamed Pakistan for all that is happening in Afghanistan... And that those around the main cities inside Pakistan's central regions have now "a blurred point of view and regardless of the supposed credibility of traitors and others inside the Pakistani Military, painstaking ISI efforts to cause the U.S to appear ready for more skirmishes with PakMil has not been shown in the international media, so the matter should be taken up by the United Nations Security Council. He has advised Pakistani authorities to shoot down NATO aircraft should a similar event take place in the future, despite "if a drone strike in, his admittedly agreeing position of their accuracy to stop civilian casualties, that all, not some, but all in these areas should keep the supply lines closed, even if choking off the Pakistani civilian LE (Law Enforcement officers on the ground and Rangers as well in the FATA) is necessary, on the argument that the U.S. cannot afford a war with Pakistan.[25][26][27][28][29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Year of the Drone An Analysis of U.S. Drone Strikes in Pakistan, 2004–2010". Counterterrorism.newamerica.net. Archived from the original on 30 August 2011. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  2. ^ a b "PressTV - Pakistan orders US vacate Shamsi drone base". Presstv.ir. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  3. ^ Pakistan Issues Threat Over U.S. IncursionsWall street Journal, 17 September 2008
  4. ^ http://www.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=50178
  5. ^ Pakistans soldiers 'confronts US' -BBC News, 15 September 2008
  6. ^ Pakistani troops twice repel US choppers: officials Archived 2008-09-25 at the Wayback Machine. AFP, 23 September 2008
  7. ^ Pakistan troops 'repel US raid' -BBC News, 22 September 2008
  8. ^ Pak troops fire at US helicopters in N Waziristan Archived 2009-07-07 at the Wayback Machine. – ExpressIndia.com, 22 September 2008
  9. ^ Schmitt, Eric (2008-09-25). "Pakistani and American Troops Exchange Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-09-25.
  10. ^ Brulliard, Karin (30 September 2010). "Pakistan blocks NATO's Afghan-bound supply trucks after airstrike kills 3". The Washington Post.
  11. ^ Daily Mail. London. 17 May 2011 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1387949/Pakistan-Nato-helicopter-injures-2-soldiers-attack-Afghan-border.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ ABC News http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/us-helicopter-pakistani-military-exchange-fire-border/story?id=13621329. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ Coleman, Jasmine (26 November 2011). "Pakistan halts Nato supplies after attack leaves soldiers dead". The Guardian. London.
  14. ^ "Pakistan cuts NATO supply lines after 'unprovoked' attack". Firstpost. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
  15. ^ "Pakistan protest NATO attack on check post". Thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  16. ^ "Radio Pakistan-At least twenty-five security officials including two officers were martyred when the NATO helicop". Radio.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  17. ^ "NATO attack fallout: Pakistan tells US to vacate airbase". Ndtv.com. 2011-11-26. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  18. ^ a b c "Pakistan outrage after 'Nato attack kills soldiers'". BBC News. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
  19. ^ "24 soldiers killed in NATO attack on Pakistan checkpost". Express Tribune. 26 November 2011.
  20. ^ Jon Boone. "Nato air attack on Pakistani troops was self-defence, says senior western official". the Guardian. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
  21. ^ Pakistan Deaths: US Offers Condolences
  22. ^ a b "Pakistan to review relations with U.S., NATO, ISAF in wake of attack - CNN.com". CNN. 27 November 2011.
  23. ^ "Pakistan blocks Afghanistan NATO supplies after checkpost attack". Express Tribune. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  24. ^ "Pakistan orders U.S. to shut major down air base". CBS News.
  25. ^ Daily Mail. London. 28 November 2011 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2066488/U-S-helicopter-attack-killed-28-Pakistan-troops-act-self-defence.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  26. ^ "Pakistan stops NATO supplies after deadly raid". Reuters. 26 November 2011.
  27. ^ The Times Of India https://archive.is/20120718232109/http://oneclick.indiatimes.com/article/0fP57Qp4yI16Z?q=Afghanistan. Archived from the original on 2012-07-18. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  28. ^ "Cross-border raid kills 28 Pakistanis". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  29. ^ Staff (2011-11-26). "NATO helicopters attack on Pakistan border post kills 26 soldiers - The Lahore Times". Lhrtimes.com. Retrieved 2011-12-17.