Pakistan Cricket Board
|Affiliation||International Cricket Council|
|Affiliation date||28 July 1952|
|Replaced||Board of Control for Cricket in Pakistan (B.C.C.P.)|
The Pakistan Cricket Board is a sporting organization that is responsible for governing all professional cricket, including Test cricket and One Day International matches played in Pakistan. It controls and organises all tours and matches undertaken by the Pakistan national cricket team.
Following the establishment of Pakistan as an independent dominion of the British Empire in 1947, professional and amateur cricket commenced in the same year, seeing as local infrastructure had already been established when the country was part of the British Indian Empire. Cricket matches were arranged informally until 1948, when a Board of Control was formally instituted. Pakistan was admitted to the International Cricket Council in July 1952, and has since been a full member, playing Test cricket. The team's first Test series took place in India between October and December 1952.
- 1 Inaugural Board of Control
- 2 Committees
- 3 Controversies
- 4 Governance of Pakistan cricket
- 5 PCB Annual Awards 2012
- 6 PCB initiative to Revive Cricket in Pakistan
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Inaugural Board of Control
The Pakistan Cricket Board was inaugurated on 1 May 1948 as the Cricket Control Board of Pakistan and was later renamed the Board of Control for Cricket in Pakistan or B.C.C.P. The first meeting, held in the committee rooms of Lahore Gymkhana, saw HE The Nawab of Mamdot made president and chairman, with Justice A. R. Cornelius as one of three vice-Presidents. The following year Cornelius became chairman of the working committee, until he relinquished his connection with the board in early 1953.
The working chairman was always one of the three vice-presidents. In April 1957 Ayub Khan imposed three more new vice-presidents (himself being one of them). Then between December 1958 and September 1969 the post of vice-president disappeared.
The response to turmoil within the board has on four occasions been to suspend the rules and appoint an ad hoc committee. The first ad hoc committee was appointed in September 1960 and did not disband until May 1963 having created a new constitution. The President of Pakistan would now nominate the board president who would in turn nominate the other members of the Executive Committee to sit for a period of three years. Representatives of the four provincial cricket associations and Government departments formed the Executive Committee. The BCCP was re-organised in the 1970s and was headed by former cricketers, professional administrators and trustees, who were often businessmen. In November 1976 players' demands for increased salaries reached a crisis and the Pakistan Sports Board took over running the B.C.C.P.'s affairs. Long-serving president, the formidable Kardar, was in the thick of the dispute. The revolt against Kardar forced him to resign in May 1977 and led to a new Ad Hoc Committee replacing the Board Council in 1978 running Pakistan cricket and again changing the constitution. Provincial Cricket Associations were eliminated and divisional and city CAs became members, giving most of the influence to the city Cricket Association of Lahore and Karachi.
The Board now governed a network of teams sponsored by corporations and banks, city associations and clubs. There is no province-based official team type organisation of domestic cricket in Pakistan and Lahore and Karachi cities are the two top tiers of all cricket, including reservoirs of fresh talent.
Pakistan cricket was involved by dissension and controversies over the national team's poor performance during the tour of India and a public uproar forced the end of the Ad Hoc Committee. The chairman and team captain Asif Iqbal had to step down. Air Marshal Nur Khan now became chairman and he saw the banks and other organisations increase their participation on the Board Council in the face of protests from the zonal organisations.
A third ad hoc committee under Javed Burki took charge of BCCP affairs in January 1994 and made a new constitution including giving a new name, the Pakistan Cricket Board (P.C.B.) It introduced a chairman and chief executive.
After taking heavy criticism on the grounds of corruption and match fixing, the Board was taken over by a fourth Ad Hoc Committee formed on 17 July 1999 which remains in place despite undertakings from Musharraf to bring it to an end. The Pakistan Cricket Board re-emerged by taking the initiative to sponsor the hugely successful 2004 tour of Pakistan by their rivals India. The Pakistan Cricket Board has competed and has associated itself with the Twenty20 cricket form and has also proven popular and hopes to similarly revive popular interest in domestic games. However, Pakistan's early exit from the 2007 World Cup cast a shadow and later Dr. Nasim Ashraf's resigned at the end of 2008.
Ejaz Butt was named the PCB Chairman in October 2008. Zaka Ashraf took over from Butt in October 2011.
On 28 May 2013, Zaka Ashraf was suspended as PCB Chairman by Islamabad High Court due to a dubious election. The newly sworn in Government of Nawaz Sharif named Najam Sethi as acting PCB Chairman. On 15 October 2013, the governing council of the Pakistan Cricket Board was dissolved by the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif, and an interim five man management committee was named consisting of acting chairman Najam Sethi‚ Shahryar Khan, two former players (Zaheer Abbas and Haroon Rasheed, and former team manager Naveed Cheema.
On 15 January 2014, Zaka Ashraf was reinstated as PCB Chairman. The PML-N Government was unhappy with the reinstatement (since Ashraf was a PPP appointee), and this led to Ashraf's sacking. In February, PCB Governing Board was dissolved and an eight-member management committee (comprising Shakil Sheikh, Shaharyar Khan, Zaheer Abbas, Iqbal Qasim, Naveed Akram Cheema, Yusaf Naseem Khokar and Faridullah Khan, the secretary IPC). Najam Sethi was elected as chairman by the management committee.
The major domestic competitions are Quaid-e-Azam Trophy, inaugurated in 1953–1954,Patron's Trophy now President’s Trophy Grade-I, Haier T20 Cup, Pakistan Super League, National One-day Championship and Haier Super 8 T20 Cup
The board is known to have constant rifts and conflicts with Pakistan player Shahid Afridi.
In 2011, Shahid Afridi announced he would retire and also resign as ODI captain. He said the PCB had mistreated him. He went on-record to say that the board was "dishonourable" and that he would "not play under this board" because it "doesn't respect its players". The PCB then announced that for Afridi to announce his retirement like that was a breach of his contract and he had 7 days to re-think his decision and reply. However, he insisted that he would not return until the board was replaced, which led to the PCB suspending his contract and fining him 4.5 million rupees ($52,300). Afridi's no-objection certificate (NOC) was also revoked, preventing him from playing for Hampshire. He filed a petition to overturn the sanctions but withdrew it in June from an out-of-court settlement with the PCB where they agreed to sign off his NOC. Afridi's ask for the replacement of the board was also soon partly completed when Ijaz Butt was replaced as PCB chairman, which prompted him to come out of retirement. Even after he came back, PCB highlighted that Afridi did not apologise.
In March 2016, Pakistan was eliminated from the 2016 ICC World Twenty20 after losing to India, New Zealand and Australia. Many were left disappointed after this and the PCB announced they would take action. There were initial talks that Ahmed Shehzad and Umar Akmal could face a potential 2-year ban following their poor performance but this was not verified. However, the focus was on Waqar Younis and Shahid Afridi. The highlight of this was that Waqar Younis had written up a 6-page report on recommendations along with discreet reasons he though contributed to the failure. However, the PCB were accused of leaking this report to the media, where all details were publicised, particularly popularising the fact Waqar thought it was Afridi's fault. The PCB then refused to meet with Younis, confirming to most that they were responsible in leaking the files. Younis announced his resignation due to this just after Afridi resigned as T20 captain in April 2016. He said the PCB's actions were a disgrace. The PCB apologised to Waqar Younis for the leak on 6 April 2016.
In September 2016, PCB leaked plans and rumours that Shahid Afridi was either being left out of the new 2-year contract or retiring out of choice. Afridi released a statement saying it was unfair for them to do so. He then asked for a farewell match, saying it was his right. However, PCB members said he cancelled a meeting about the issue and wanted him to have his farewell match but that he hadn't contacted them.
Governance of Pakistan cricket
Presidents and Chairmen of Pakistan Cricket Board
- Iftikhar Hussain Khan, Nawab of Mamdot - May 1948– March 1950
- Chaudhry Nazir Ahmad Khan - March 1950 – Sept 1951
- Abdus Sattar Pirzada - September 1951 – May 1953
- Mian Aminuddin - March 1953 – Jul 1954
- Muhammad Ali Bogra - July 1954 – September 1955
- Maj. Gen Iskander Mirza - September 1955 – December 1958
- Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan - Dec 1958 – June 1960
- Justice A.R.Cornelius - 1960 – May 1963
- Syed Fida Hassan - June 1963 – May 1969
- Ikram Ahmed Khan (President) - May 1969 – May 1972
- Abdul Hafeez Kardar - May 1972 – Apr 1977
- Chaudhry Muhammad Hussain - Apr 1977 – July 1978
- Lt Gen (Retd) Kh. Muhammad. Azhar - August 1978 – Feb 1980
- Air Marshal (Retd) Muhammad Nur Khan - February 1980 – Feb 1984
- Lt Gen. (Retd) Ghulam Safdar Butt - Feb 1984 – February 1988
- Lt Gen. (Retd) Zahid Ali Akbar Khan - Feb 1988 – Sep 1992
- Justice Dr Nasim Hasan Shah - Oct 1992 – Dec 1994
- Javed Burki - January 1994 – March 1995
- Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah Bukhari - March 1995 – Jan 1998
- Khalid Mahmood - Jan 1998 – Jul 1999
- Mujeeb ur Rehman - Aug 1999 – October 1999
- Dr. Zafar Altaf - October 1999 – December 1999
- Lt. Gen. Tauqir Zia - December 1999 – 2003
- Shaharyar Khan - December 2003 – October 2006
- Dr. Nasim Ashraf - October 2006 – August 2008.
- Ijaz Butt October - 2008 – October 2011
- Zaka Ashraf - October 2011 – 28 May 2013 (suspended by IHC)
- Najam Sethi - Jun 2013 - Jan 2014
- Zaka Ashraf - Jan-Feb 2014 (Reinstated as Chairman by IHC)
- Najam Sethi - Feb 2014- 16 May 2014
- Shaharyar Khan - May 2014 – Present
1) Bashir Ahmad 1965-1971 2) Dr Zafar Altaf 1972-1975 3) Khalid Mahmood 1975-1976 4) Lt Col Zafar Ahmad 1977-1978 5) Lt Col (Retd) Rafi Nasim 1978-1980 6) Zulfiqar Ahmad 1986 7) Muhammad Ijaz Butt 1986-1988 8) Arif Ali Khan Abbasi 1988-1991 9) Shahid Rafi 1991-1994 10) Ghulam Mustafa Khan 1995-1997 11) Waqar Ahmad 1997-1999 12) Shafqat Rana 1999-2000
Chief executive officers and directors: 1) Arif Ali Khan Abbasi 1995-1996 2) Majid Khan 1996-1999 3) Yawar Saeed 1999-2000 4) Brig Munawar Ahmad Rana 2000-2002 5) Chishti Mujahid 2002-2003 6) Ramiz Hasan Raja 2003-2004 7) Abbas Zaidi 2004-2006
Chief operating officers:
- Shafqat Hussain Naghmi 2007-2008
- Salim Altaf 2008-2009
- Wasim Bari 2009-2010
- Subhan Ahmad 2010–present
Pakistan Cricket Board announced Pakistan Super League (PSL) which was held in Feb 2016 in UAE which will continue on.[needs update]
PCB Annual Awards 2012
Pakistan Cricket Board for the first time held inaugural awards in 2012. This new PCB initiative is meant to recognize, acknowledge and honour Pakistan’s prime cricketing talent that has consistently stood out on the field of play. Saeed Ajmal sweeps inaugural awards with four awards including special prize for Best Bowler of the Year. The lists of other winners are as follows:
|PCB Curator of the year||Haji Muhammad Bashir|
|PCB Umpire of the year||Ahsan Raza|
|PCB Deaf Cricketer of the year||Mohammad Shakeel|
|PCB Blind Cricketer of the year||Mohammad Jamil|
|PCB Woman Cricketer of the Year||Sana Mir|
|PCB Most Valuable Domestic Bowler||Zulfiqar Babar|
|PCB Most Valuable Domestic Batsman||Haris Sohail|
|PCB Emerging Player of the Year||Junaid Khan|
|PCB T20I Bowler of the Year||Saeed Ajmal|
|PCB T20I Batsman of the Year||Nasir Jamshed|
|PCB ODI Bowler of the Year||Saeed Ajmal|
|PCB ODI Batsman of the Year||Nasir Jamshed|
|PCB Test Bowler of the Year||Saeed Ajmal|
|PCB Test Batsman of the Year||Azhar Ali|
|PCB Player of the Year||Mohammad Hafeez|
|PCB Life Time Achievement Award||Hanif Mohammad and Imtiaz Ahmed|
|Special Prize for Best Bowler of the Year||Saeed Ajmal|
PCB initiative to Revive Cricket in Pakistan
Australian envoy visits PCB Headquarters
The Australian Higher Commissioner to Pakistan, Peter Heyward, visited the PCB headquarters at Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore on 3 September 2012. He appreciated the board’s efforts to bring cricket back in Pakistan. He further said he always love to see the Australian team playing against Pakistan in front of Pakistani people and at their home grounds.
Asian Cricket Council Development Committee
The Asian Cricket Council Development Committee meeting was held in Islamabad on 24 September 2012 and was chaired by Zaka Ashraf. The Chairman PCB called on the members to come over to Pakistan to play cricket. ACC members assured the then Chairman of their support and Chief Executive of ACC Syed Ashraful Haq said they felt no security concern in Pakistan and considered playing cricket here to be safe as anywhere in the world.
ICC CEO visits NCA
David Richardson, the chief executive of International Cricket Council, visited National Cricket Academy on 12 January 2013. He said that Pakistan Cricket Board is working very hard to bring International Cricket back to Pakistan and it is our role to support Pakistan Cricket Board in its efforts to revive International Cricket whenever it is possible.
- unjustice in cricket
- Najam takes charge as acting chairman
- Farooq, Umar (15 October 2013). "PCB's governing board dissolved". cricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- Zaka ousted, Sethi in
- "Shahid Afridi 'quits' international cricket". Cricinfo. 2011-05-30. Retrieved 2016-04-06.
- "How things stand after Pakistan's loss to Australia in Mohali". The Indian Express. 2016-03-25. Retrieved 2016-04-06.
- "PCB committee recommends ban on Umar Akmal, Wahab Riaz, Shoaib Malik & Ahmed Shehzad". arynews.tv. Retrieved 2016-04-06.
- "Waqar Younis blames Shahid Afridi for World Twenty20 exit". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2016-04-06.
- "Whoever leaked my report should be punished: Waqar Younis". arynews.tv. Retrieved 2016-04-06.
- "PCB Chief apologizes to Waqar Younis over report leak". arynews.tv. Retrieved 2016-04-06.
- "Aggrieved Afridi complains about PCB's behaviour - Cricket - Dunya News". Retrieved 2016-09-30.
- "Dailytimes | All-rounder Afridi insists farewell match is his right". dailytimes.com.pk. Retrieved 2016-09-30.