Pakistan Day

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Not to be confused with Independence Day (Pakistan).
Pakistan Day
یوم پاکستان
Pakistan Day Parade - 23 March.jpg
Pakistani soldiers during the Pakistan Day Parade in 2016.
Official nameUrdu: یوم پاکستان
lit. Yaum-e-Pakistan[Note 1]
Observed by Pakistan
SignificanceCommemoration of Pakistan Resolution and Constitution
CelebrationsFull Joint Inter-Services military parade, conferring of national decorations
ObservancesPakistan (Diplomatic missions of Pakistan in other countries)
Date23 March
Next time23 March 2019 (2019-03-23)
FrequencyAnnual

Pakistan Day (Urdu: یوم پاکستان‎, lit. Yaum-e-Pakistan) or Pakistan Resolution Day, also Republic Day, is a national holiday in Pakistan commemorating the Lahore Resolution passed on 23 March 1940[1] and the adoption of the first constitution of Pakistan during the transition of the Dominion of Pakistan to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on 23 March 1956 making Pakistan the world's first Islamic republic.[2] A Republic Day parade by the armed forces is often part of the celebrations.[3]

The day celebrates the adoption of the Pakistan resolution by the Muslim League at the Minar-e-Pakistan (lit. Pakistan Tower) that called for establishing an independent federation comprising provinces with Muslim majority located in north-western and north-eastern region of British controlled territories in India (excluding autonomous princely States) on 23 March 1940.[4][5][2][6] Since then, the day is celebrated annually throughout the country as a public holiday. The Armed forces of Pakistan usually hold a military parade to celebrate the event.[3][7]

History[edit]

Group photo of Muhammad Ali Jinnah (in centre) and other Founding Fathers of Pakistan in Lahore, c. 1940.

The Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park in Lahore, Punjab, that lasted from the 22nd of March to the 24th of March 1940.[8] During this event, the Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and other Founding Fathers narrated the events regarding the differences between Hindus and Muslims, and introduced the historical resolution that cemented the formation of a nation-state in South Asia as Pakistan, even though it did not actually mention Pakistan at all.[9]

The resolution was passed on 23 March and had its signatures from the Founding Fathers of Pakistan. It reads as:

[Quoting Resolution:] No constitutional plan would be workable or acceptable to the Muslims unless geographical contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be so constituted with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary. That the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in majority as in the North-Western and Eastern zones of India should be grouped to constitute independent states in which the constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign.

The British plan to partition Indian subcontinent into two dominion- Hindustan and Pakistan was announced on Jun 3 1947. In the event Pakistan was created on 14 August 1947 and Hindustan independence came a day later. Pakistan was immediately identified as migrant state born amid bloodshed. Muhammad Ali Jinnah the founder of Pakistan became first Governor General of Pakistan and Mr. Liaqat Ali Khan, The first Prime Minister of Pakistan. The Indian Act of 1935 provided the legal framework for Pakistan until 1956, when the state passed its own constitution.[10] While Pakistan's Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates of coming into force of its constitution.

Works and efforts by Basic Principles Committee drafted the basic outlines of the constitution in 1949.[11] After many deliberations and years of some modifications, the first set of the Constitution of Pakistan was enforced in the country on 23 March 1956. This marked the country's successful transition from Dominion to Islamic Republic. The Governor-General was replaced with President of Pakistan as ceremonial head of state.[12]

Celebrations[edit]

The main celebration is held in Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan.[13] The President of Pakistan is usually the Chief Guest; also the attended in public are Prime Minister of Pakistan alongside the Cabinet ministers, military chiefs of staff, and chairman joint chiefs.[14]

A full inter-services joint military parade is rehearsed and broadcast live by the news media in all over the country.[14] Pakistan military inter services also shows a glance of its power and capabilities during this parade.

The celebrations regarding the holiday include a full military and civilian parade in the capital, Islamabad.[3] These are presided by the President of Pakistan and are held early in the morning.[14] After the parade, the President confers national awards and medals on the awardees at the Presidency.[14] Wreaths are also laid at the mausoleums of Muhammad Iqbal and Muhammad Ali Jinnah founder of Pakistan.[3] In very rare times and significance, foreign dignitaries have been invited to attend the military parade.[15]

Parade Commanders[edit]

From 1956–2018, the following officers from the army have lead the joint services parade:

Year Officer Unit Notes
1983 Brigadier Nasir Mehmood 1st Punjab Regiment .
1987 Brigadier Afzal Janjua SJ FF Regt Later Lt. Gen.
1989 Brigadier Yasub Dogar 2 FF Regiment (Guides)
1996 Brigadier Naveed Nasr 17 Punjab Regiment Also commanded 70 Punjab
1997 Brigadier Javed Iqbal 18 Field Regiment MS to Nawaz Sharif in 1999
1998 Brigadier Akram Sahi FF Regt Later Maj. Gen.
1999 Brigadier Khalid Nawaz Janjua 3 Baluch Regt Later Lt. Gen.
20xx Brigadier Badar Munir AK Regt
2005 Brigadier Naushad Kiani Punjab Regt Later Maj. Gen.
2007 Brigadier Tariq Ghafoor FF Regt Later Maj. Gen.
2008 Brigadier Ihsan ul Haq Later Maj. Gen.
2015 Brigadier Khurram Sarfaraz 27 Baluch Regt
2016 Brigadier Amir Majeed 29 AK Regt
2017 Brigadier Amer Ahsan Nawaz 3 Baluch Regt
2018 Brigadier Amer Amin 19 FF Regt

Foreign dignitaries who have attended the parade[edit]

From 1956–2000, the following foreign dignitaries who have attended parade are:

Year Foreign dignitary
Chief Guest
Country Notes
1985 General Rudini[15] Indonesia Indonesia Chief of staff of Indonesian Army
1987 Robert Mugabe Zimbabwe Zimbabwe President of Zimbabwe
1996 Cassam Uteem[15] Mauritius Mauritius President of Mauritius
2018 Maithripala Sirisena[16] Sri Lanka Sri Lanka President of Sri Lanka

Foreign contingents[edit]

Year Contingent Country
1956 Janissary Military band Turkey Turkey
1956 Iran Military Contingent Iran Iran
1956 Turkish Military Contingent Turkey Turkey
1997 Janissary Military band Turkey Turkey
2017
2018
Beijing Garrison Honor Guard Battalion China China
2018 Janissary Military band[17] Turkey Turkey
2018 Saudi Arabian Special Forces Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
2018 UAE elite unit[18] United Arab Emirates UAE

Galleries[edit]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official name is (Urdu: Urdu: یوم پاکستان‎, lit. Yaum-e-Pakistan) or Pakistan Day in English. The day also commemorates The Pakistan Resolution Day, Republic Day (Urdu: يوم جمهوريه) or as Joint Inter-Services parade. Unofficially, the day is also known as 23 March

Citations

  1. ^ Stacy Taus-Bolstad (April 2003). Pakistan in Pictures. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-8225-4682-5. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
  2. ^ a b John Stewart Bowman (2000). Columbia chronologies of Asian history and culture. Columbia University Press. p. 372. ISBN 978-0-231-11004-4. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d Agencies (23 March 2012). "Nation celebrates Pakistan Day today". The Nation.
  4. ^ Olson, Gillia (2005). "Holidays". Pakistan : a question and answer book. Mankato, Minn.: Capstone Press. ISBN 0736837574.
  5. ^ Singh, Sarina; et al. (2008). Pakistan & the Karakoram Highway (7th ed.). Footscray, Vic.: Lonely Planet.
  6. ^ Rizvi, Hasan Askari (23 March 2015). "Pakistan and March 23" (Special works published by Dr. H.A. Rizvi). Express Tribune, Rizvi. Express Tribune. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
  7. ^ DAWN.com (23 March 2015). "Pakistan holds first Republic Day parade in seven years". Dawn News, 2015. Dawn. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
  8. ^ Programme of the All India Muslim Leagues 27th Annual Session, to be held at Lahore 21 to 24 March 1940, at the National Archives of Pakistan, Islamabad, the Quaid i Azam Papers, File 1354
  9. ^ Syed Iftikhar Ahmed (1983), Essays on Pakistan, Alpha Bravo Publishers, Lahore, OCLC 12811079
  10. ^ Cohen, Stephen P. The idea of Pakistan. Brookings Institution Press, 2004.
  11. ^ Hussain, Rizwan. Pakistan. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World.
  12. ^ Ghazali, Abdus Sattar. "The First Islamic Republic". Islamic Pakistan: Illusions and Reality. Islamabad: National Book Club. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  13. ^ Staff work (22 March 2015). "Preparations complete for Pakistan Day parade on March 23". NewsTribe, 2015. NewsTribe. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
  14. ^ a b c d DAWN.com (24 March 2015). "Pakistan holds first Republic Day parade in seven years". Dawn Newspapers, 2015. Dawn Newspapers. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
  15. ^ a b c Dawn.com (24 March 2015). "Relive Pakistan Day: 1940 – 2000". Dawn archives, 2015. Dawn archives. Archived from the original on 24 March 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
  16. ^ "Sri Lankan President arrives in Pakistan". The Hindu. 2018-03-22. Retrieved 2018-08-20.
  17. ^ "Saudi Arabia, Chinese and Turkish Military contingents to participate in Pakistan Day parade on". Timesofislamabad.com. 2018-03-07. Retrieved 2018-08-20.
  18. ^ "UAE troops to participate in Pakistan Day parade". Arab News. 2018-03-20. Retrieved 2018-08-20.

External links[edit]