Pakistan Merchant Navy
Pakistan Merchant Navy refers to the fleet of state owned merchant vessels barring the flag of Pakistan National Shipping Corporation and Civil Ensign of Pakistan. Currently Pakistan Merchant Navy has a fleet of nine Vessels with the total of 611,411 DWT, which include one multipurpose General Cargo Ship, Three Aframax Oil Tankers and Six Bulk Carriers.
- 1 History
- 2 Muhammadi Steamship Company Limited
- 3 East and West Steamship Company
- 4 National Shipping Corporation
- 5 Pakistan Shipping Corporation
- 6 Pakistan National Shipping Corporation
- 7 Fleet
- 8 Pakistan Marine Academy
- 9 Merchant Navy Rank Insignia of Deck Officers and Engineer Officers
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Pakistan Merchant Navy was formed right after independence in 1947. Pakistan inherited a fleet of four privately owned cargo ships. Ministry of Port and Shipping, Mercantile Marine Department and Shipping Office established by the government of Pakistan were authorized to flag the ship and also ensured that the vessel is sea worthy.
In 1963, the National Shipping Ordinance was promulgated and National Shipping Corporation (NSC) was established which procured its first used ship, M.V. Rupsa in 1965. The national fleet comprised some 53 vessels which were owned by 10 private shipping companies. The national fleet strength grew to a record 71 vessels just prior to the separation of East Pakistan and its emergence as Bangladesh in 1971. The fleet strength declined to 57 vessels after the separation.
On 1 January 1974 President of Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto nationalized National Shipping Corporation (NSC) and Pakistan Shipping Corporation (PSC) and other private shipping companies. Nine private shipping companies with a total of 26 ships were nationalized. The national fleet strength increased to 51 vessels including 26 ships under the management of nine nationalized companies and 25 ships with the state-owned NSC. In 1977, 14 ships were inducted in the Pakistan Shipping Corporation (PSC) during the Fifth Five-Year Plan. Two years later, NSC and PSC were merged to form the Pakistan National Shipping Corporation (PNSC) which still remains the sole state-owned shipping corporation.
Later other nationalized companies were also merged into a single company as the Pakistan National Shipping Corporation, incorporated under the provisions of the Pakistan National Shipping Corporation Ordinance of 1979 and the Companies Ordinance of 1984, respectively. The total fleet strength increased to 60 ships with the induction of 14 vessels in late 1970s and early 1980s. PNSC enjoyed a complete monopoly till early 1990s when the shipping sector was deregulated by the Nawaz Sharif government.
Currently, the PNSC manages a fleet of 10 vessels which includes One Multipurpose General Cargo ship, 3 Aframax Oil Tankers, and Five Bulk Carriers with 660,411 DWT. Pakistan Tanker Company, a subsidiary of PNSC also has a single tanker for crude oil imports.
Muhammadi Steamship Company Limited
The company was nationalized by the Government of Pakistan under then President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. It was later merged with other Pakistani nationalized shipping companies to create the Pakistan National Shipping Corporation.
East and West Steamship Company
East & West Steamship Company was one of the oldest locally owned shipping line in Pakistan until it was nationalised in 1974. Its ship, SS Fatima was the first ship ever registered at the newly established Port of Registry at Karachi in August 1948. It was owned by the Cowasjee family. The company was restructured as the 'East and West Steamship Co. Ltd.' in 1961
National Shipping Corporation
The National Shipping Corporation (NSC) was established under the National Shipping Corporation Ordinance, 1963, with a view to provide efficient shipping services. The Corporation was managed by a Board of nine directors, out of which five including the Chairman, the Managing Director and the Financial Director were appointed by the Central Government and remaining four were elected by the share holders from each Province. The authorized capital of the Corporation was Rs. 250 million and the subscribed capital was to be Rs. 50 million. The share of Central Government in the capital was 25% and the balance of 75% was raised from the public in East and West Pakistan on the basis of parity.
Pakistan Shipping Corporation
In 1974 the Federal Government decided to take over the management and control of entire shipping in Pakistan, including NSC through promulgation of the Pakistan Maritime Shipping (Regulation and control) Ordinance, 1974 which later on became an Act. In September, 1976 the Federal Government established the Pakistan Shipping Corporation (PSC) under the Pakistan Shipping Corporation Act, 1976, to take charge of ten shipping companies and operate as a parallel corporation with the National Shipping Corporation (NSC).
Pakistan National Shipping Corporation
To develop and execute short-term and long-term business plans to ensure sustainable growth of the Corporation as the national flag carrier and a lead player in the shipping industry
|Industry||Shipping and Vessel Industry|
|Founder(s)||Prime minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto|
PNSC Building, Moulvi Tamizuddin Khan Road, Karachi – 74000 (Head Office)Karachi, Pakistan
|Number of locations||Gulberg Heights, Lower ground floor, Near sherpao bridge Gulberg, Lahore, Pakistan (Regional Office)|
|Key people||VAdm Muhammad Shafi 
|Products||Cargo Ships, Tankers, Container ships, and Bulk carriers|
|Revenue||PKR Rs. 2000 Million (2010)|
|Operating income||Rs. 1320.63 Million ,|
|Owner(s)||Government Share 77.13%
PNSC Employees Empowerment Trust (12%)
Financial institutions (3.80%)
|Parent||Pakistan National Shipping Corporation Ordinance of 1979|
Pakistan National Shipping Corporation is the national flag carrier managing a fleet of 09 vessels. The Corporation's head office is located in Karachi. A regional office based in Lahore caters for upcountry shipping requirements. The Corporation also has an extensive overseas network of agents looking after its world wide shipping business.
Pakistan National Shipping Corporation has the following nine subsidiary companies:
- Chitral Shipping (Private) Limited.
- Hyderabad Shipping (Private) Limited.
- Kaghan Shipping (Private) Limited.
- Malakand Shipping (Private) Limited.
- Multan Shipping (Private) Limited.
- Sibi Shipping (Private) Limited.
- Karachi Shipping (Private) Limited.
- Lahore Shipping (Private) Limited.
- Quetta Shipping (Private) Limited.
Muhammadi Steamship Company Limited
|Al Murtaza Ali||1942||7235 GRT||West Coast Shipbuilders, Vancouver as 'Fort Norman'||1948 - 1954||Sold in 1954 to United Oriental Steamship Company, Karachi and renamed ANWARBAKSH|
|Husaini later Al Husaini||1943||7157 GRT||North Vancouver Ship Repairers Ltd., North Vancouver as 'Fort Clatsop'||1948 - 1968||Broken up at Karachi in November 1968||Renamed in 1949|
|Ahmadi later Al Ahmadi||1920||5186 GRT||Todd Dry Dock & Construction Company, Tacoma as 'Pallas'||1948 - 1954||Broken up at Karachi in 1954||Renamed in 1949|
|Al Hasan||1943||7165 GRT||North Vancouver Ship Repairers Ltd., North Vancouver as 'Fort St. Antoine'||1949 - 1964||Broken up at Karachi in February 1964|
|Colima later Al Chisti||1917||1306 GRT||Sodra Varfvets Nya A/B, Stockholm as 'Svealand'||1949 - 1954||Broken up at Karachi in 1954||Renamed in 1950|
|Al-Sayyada||1944||7165 GRT||Victoria Machinery Depot Company, Victoria B.C. as 'Hastings Park'||1952 - 1967||Broken up at Karachi in November 1967||First ship to dry dock at Karachi Shipyard.|
|Al Ahmadi||1940||5361 GRT||Lithgows Ltd., Port Glasgow as 'Risaldar'||1958 - 1966||Broken up at Karachi in June 1966|
|Al-Abbas||1967||6087 GRT||Karachi Shipyard||1967 - 1971||Sunk on 16 August 1971 in Operation Jackpot by the Mukti Bahini commandoes at Chittagong||First merchant ship built at Karachi Shipyard.|
East & West Shipping Company
|Ship||Built||In service for Company||Type||Tonnage||Reference||Fate||Notes|
|SS Fatima||1942||1948 - 1956||Steel; cargo ship||671 GRT||||Scrapped in March 1962||Built as H.M.I.S. 'Shillong' (naval trawler) by Burn & Co. Ltd., Calcutta, converted in 1948|
|SS Figura||1943||1948 - post 1959||Steel; cargo ship||482 GRT||Built as H.M.I.S. 'Cuttack' (naval trawler) by Burn & Co. Ltd., Calcutta, converted in 1949|
|SS Firishta||1942||1948 - post 1959||Steel; cargo ship||467 GRT||Built as H.M.I.S. 'Poona' (naval trawler) by Hooghly Dkg. & Engineering Co. Ltd., Calcutta, converted in 1948|
|SS Fritha||1942||1948 - post 1959||Steel; cargo ship||467 GRT||Built as H.M.I.S. 'Agra' (naval trawler) by Hooghly Dkg. & Engineering Co. Ltd., Calcutta, converted in 1948|
|SS Forma||1941||1948 - post 1959||Steel; tug||471 GRT||Built as H.M.I.S. 'Travancore' (naval trawler) by Garden Reach Workshop Ltd., Calcutta, converted in 1952|
|SS Fravarta||1942||1948 - post 1959||Steel; tug||445 GRT||Built as H.M.I.S. 'Karachi' (naval trawler) by Alcock, Ashdwon & Co. Ltd., Bombay, converted in 1949|
|SS Firoza||1913||1947 - 1966||Steel; cargo ship||4279 GRT||Broken up at Karachi in October 1966||Built as 'Falls City' by Ropner & Co. Ltd., Stockton-on-Tees|
|SS Firdausa||1923||1949 - 1963||Steel; cargo ship||7938 GRT||Broken up at Karachi in April 1963||Built as 'London Importer' by Furness S.B. Company, Haverton Hill|
|SS Futura||1919||1951 - 1960||Steel; cargo ship||6869 GRT||Broken up at Karachi in October 1960||Built as 'Crosskeys' by Skinner & Eddy, Seattle|
|SS Fausta||1922||1951 - 1963||Steel; cargo ship||5055 GRT||Broken up at Karachi in October 1963||Built as 'Schwarzald' by Deutsche Werft, Tollerort|
|SS Fatakarda later Minocher Cowasjee||1920||1950 - 1957||Steel; cargo ship||6,640 GRT||||Foundered in 1957 Reported 24/01/1957 in distress in position, on passage Dairen for Cape Town and Antwerp||Built as 'Parisiana' by Irvine's Shipbuilding & Drydocks & Co., West Hartlepool. Renamed from 'Fatakarda' to 'Minocher Cowasjee' in 1955.|
|SS Fakirjee Cowasjee||1925||1952 - 1967||Steel; cargo ship||5328 GRT||Broken up at Karachi in June 1967||Built as 'Manchester Commerce' by Furness S.B. Company, Haverton Hill|
|SS Feronia||1940||1958 - 1970||Steel; cargo ship||5095 GRT||Broken up at Karachi in September 1970||Built as 'Orient City' by Furness S.B. Company, Haverton Hill|
|MV Rustom||1953||1961 - 1974||Steel; passenger & cargo liner||9547 GRT||Broken up at Gadani Beach in November 1980||Built as 'Santa Teresa' by Howaldtswerke, Hamburg|
|MV Ohrmazd||1968||1968 - 1974||Steel; passenger & cargo liner||11,046 GRT||||Broken up at Gadani Beach, arrived 6 July 1994||Built by Burntisland Shipbuilding Company, Fife, Scotland|
Pakistan National Shipping Corporation
|Ship||Built||In service for the company||Type||Tonnage||Reference||Fate||Notes|
|MV Islamabad||1983||1983–Present||Multi-Purpose General Cargo||12395 GRT||||Scrapped in 2013||Built at Karachi Shipyard, Pakistan.|
|MT Quetta||2003||2008–Present||Aframax Oil Tanker||58118 GRT||||Currently in use||Built by Imabari Shipbuilding Co. Ltd, Japan.|
|MT Lahore||2003||2010–Present||Aframax Oil Tanker||58157 GRT||||Currently in use||Built by Imabari Shipbuilding Co. Ltd, Japan|
|MT Karachi||2003||2010–Present||Aframax Oil Tanker||58127 GRT||||Currently in use||Built by Imabari Shipbuilding Co. Ltd, Japan|
|MV Kaghan||1986||2006–Present||Bulk Carrier||36098 GRT||||Currently in use||Built by Namura Ship Building Co., Japan|
|MV Chitral||2003||2010–Present||Handymax Bulk Carrier||26395 GRT||||Currently in use||Built by Oshima Shipbuilding Co. Ltd, Japan|
|MV Malakand||2004||2010–Present||Panamax Bulk Carrier||40040 GRT||||Currently in use||Built by Sasebo Heavy Industry Co. Ltd, Sasebo, Japan|
|MV Hyderabad||2004||2011–Present||Supramax Bulk Carrier||29364 GRT||||Currently in use||Built in Oshima Shipyard, Nagasaki, Japan|
|MV Sibi||2009||2011–Present||Handysize Bulk Carrier||17018 GRT||||Currently in use||Built by Imabari Shipbuilding Co. Ltd, Marugame, Japan|
|MV Multan||2002||2012–Present||Supramax Bulk Carrier||27986 GRT||||Currently in use||Built by Mitsui Engineering & Ship Building Co. Ltd. TAMANO Works, Japan|
|MV Bolan||1980||1980-2010||Multipurpose General Cargo||12395 GRT||||Scrapped in 2010||Built by Kawasaki Kobe Japan|
|MV Khairpur||1981||1981-2011||Multipurpose General Cargo||13402 GRT||||Scrapped in 2011||Built by Gdansk Shipyard|
|MV Sargodha||1980||1980-2012||Multipurpose General Cargo||12395 GRT||||Scrapped in 2012||Built by Oshima Shipbuilding Saikai, Japan|
|MV Makran||1979||1979-2009||Multipurpose General Cargo||16199 GRT||||Scrapped in 2009||Built by Nakskov Skibsvaerft Nakskov, Denmark|
|MV Chitral||1980||1980-2009||Multipurpose General Cargo||12395 GRT||||Scrapped in 2009||Built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries Kobe, Japan. Not to be confused with MV Chitral Bulk Carrier|
|MV Hyderabad||1980||1980-2009||Multipurpose General Cargo||12395 GRT||||Sold to M/S Blue Seas Marine||Mitsui Tamano Engineering & Shipbuilding Tamano, Japan. Not to be confused with MV Hyderabad Bulk Carrier|
|MV Malakand||1980||1980-2009||Multipurpose General Cargo||18224 GRT||||Sold to M/S Blue Seas Marine||Ihi Marine United Tokyo, Japan. Not to be confused with MV Malakand Bulk Carrier|
|MV Sibi||1981||1986-2009||Multipurpose General Cargo||13402 GRT||||Sold to M/S Blue Seas Marine||Built in GDANSK Shipyard Poland|
|MV Kaghan||1981||1981-2004||Multipurpose General Cargo||10246 GRT||||Sold to Cheer Glory Traders China||Built in Bremen. Not to be confused with MV Kaghan Bulk Carrier.|
|MV Multan||1980||1980-2012||Multipurpose General Cargo||12395 GRT||||Scrapped in 2012||Built in Japan.|
|MV Murree||1981||1981-1989||Multipurpose General Cargo||11940 GRT||||Sank at Plymouth, Bournemouth, Cardiff in strong typhoon, 1989. All crew rescued by Royal Air force, near by cities||Built by A&P Group, Sunderland, United Kingdom.|
|MT Johar||1985||2003-2009||Oil Tanker||49688 GRT||||Sold to Cheer Glory Traders, China||Built by Navantia Carenas Ferrol, Spain|
|MT Lalazar||1984||2005-2009||Oil Tanker||49688 GRT||||Scrapped in 2009||Built by Fincanteri Monfalcone Trieste, Italy.|
|MT Sawat||1985||2003-2010||Oil Tanker||49601 GRT||||Scrapped in 2010||Built by Fincanteri Monfalcone Trieste, Italy.|
|MT Shalamar||1981||2003-2007||Oil Tanker||54474 GRT||||Scrapped in 2007||Built in Sanoyas Mizushima Works & Shipyard Kurashiki, Japan|
Pakistan Marine Academy
Pakistan Marine Academy was established in 1962 in Chittagong, East Pakistan (now in Bangladesh) under Colombo Plan to produce qualified seafarers who can meet the standards set down by STCW Convention. It began functioning from 3 September 1962. After Indo-Pakistan War of 1971 the institution was shifted in Karachi and was housed temporarily in two blocks of Haji Camp. Later in 1973 Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto inaugurated a new campus at Mauripur, Karachi. Pakistan Marine Academy is the branch of World Maritime University, Malmö, Sweden and it is producing 170 Deck and Engine Cadets each year.
- Malik, Iftikhar Ahmed, "History of Pakistan Merchant Navy 1947- 2009" Karachi 2010 (privately published) pg 5
- Malik, Iftikhar Ahmed, History of Pakistan Merchant Navy 1947- 2009 Karachi 2010 (privately published) pg 6
- Malik, Iftikhar Ahmed, History of Pakistan Merchant Navy 1947- 2009 Karachi 2010 (privately published) pg 7
- Malik, Iftikhar Ahmed, History of Pakistan Merchant Navy 1947- 2009 Karachi 2010 (privately published) pg 12
- "Vice Admiral (Retd) Vice Admiral Muhammad Shafi HI (M) (Chairman/CEO)".
- Malik, Iftikhar Ahmed, "History of Pakistan Merchant Navy 1947- 2009" Karachi 2010 (privately published) pg 8
- || Broken up in March 1962 Malik, Iftikhar Ahmed, History of Pakistan Merchant Navy 1947- 2009 Karachi 2010 (privately published) pg 15
- Allen, Tony (2010-04-11). "SS Minocher Cowasjee (+1957)". The Wreck Site. The Wreck Site. Retrieved 2011-06-16.
- Malik, Iftikhar Ahmed, History of Pakistan Merchant Navy 1947- 2009 Karachi 2010 (privately published) pg 14