List of earthquakes in Pakistan

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Earthquakes in Pakistan
Sesimic hazard zones of-Pakistan.png
Earthquake zones of Pakistan.
(<6.0 in green, 6.0–6.9 in blue, 7.0–7.9 in orange, 8.0+ in red)
Largest 8.1 Mw 1945 Balochistan earthquake

Pakistan is one of the most seismically active countries in the world, being crossed by several major faults. As a result, earthquakes in Pakistan occur often and are destructive.

Geology[edit]

Pakistan geologically overlaps both the Eurasian and Indian tectonic plates. Balochistan, the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit-Baltistan provinces lie on the southern edge of the Eurasian plate on the Iranian Plateau. Sindh, Punjab and Azad Jammu & Kashmir provinces lie on the north-western edge of the Indian plate in South Asia. Hence this region is prone to violent earthquakes, as the two tectonic plates collide.

Earthquakes[edit]

Date Locality, district, or province Mag. MMI Deaths Injuries Notes
2018-01-31 Badakhshan Province 6.1 Mw 1 9-11
2015-12-25 Gilgit-Baltistan
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
6.3 Mw V 4 100
2015-10-26 Badakhshan Province 7.5 Mw VII 399 2,536
2014-05-08 Sindh 4.5 Mw 2 50
2013-09-28 Awaran District, Balochistan 6.8 Mw 400
2013-09-24 Awaran District, Balochistan 7.7 Mw VII 825 700
2011-01-18 Dalbandin, Balochistan 7.2 Mw VI 3 some
2008-10-29 Ziarat District, Balochistan 6.4 Mw 215 200
2005-10-08 Azad Kashmir 7.6 Mw VIII 86,000–87,351 69,000–75,266
1992-05-20 Kohat Division, North West Frontier 6.0 Mw 36 100 Moderate NGDC [1]
1983-12-31 Gilgit-Baltistan 7.2 Mw VII 12–26 60–483 Severe NGDC
1974-12-28 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 6.2 Mw 5,300 17,000
1945-11-28 Makran Coast, British Baluchistan 8.1 Mw X 300–400 Tsunami
1935-05-31 Ali Jaan, Balochistan 7.7 X 30,000–60,000
1931-08-27 Mach, Balochistan 7.4 [2]
1931-08-24 Sharigh Valley, Balochistan 7 [2]
1909-10-21 Sibi, Balochistan 7 100 [2]
1892-12-20 Qilla Abdullah, Balochistan 6.8 Chaman Fault [3]
1865-01-22 Peshawar 6 [3]
1852-01-24 Kahan, Balochistan 8 [4]
1827-09-24 Lahore, Punjab 7.8 1,000 [4]
1819-06-16 Allahbund, Sindh 7.7–8.2 Mw XI >1,543 Tsunami
1668-05-02 Shahbandar, Sindh 7.6 50,000 [5]
The inclusion criteria for adding events are based on WikiProject Earthquakes' notability guideline that was developed for stand alone articles. The principles described are also applicable to lists. In summary, only damaging, injurious, or deadly events should be recorded.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Satyabala, S. P.; Yang, Zhaohui; Bilham, R. (2012), "Stick–slip advance of the Kohat Plateau in Pakistan", Nature Geoscience, Nature Publishing Group, 5: 147–150, doi:10.1038/ngeo1373 
  2. ^ a b c Quittmeyer & Jacob 1979, p. 792
  3. ^ a b Quittmeyer & Jacob 1979, p. 807
  4. ^ a b Quittmeyer & Jacob 1979, p. 806
  5. ^ Quittmeyer & Jacob 1979, p. 805

Sources

External links[edit]