|• Mayor (2016-2020))||Mario Vitelio Yantuchi Albizures (LIDER)|
|• Municipality||88 km2 (34 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,147 m (3,763 ft)|
|Population (census 2002)|
|• Density||420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|• Ethnicities||Ladino, Poqomam|
|• Religions||Roman Catholicism, Evangelicalism|
Palín is a municipality in the Escuintla department of Guatemala. The town of Palín, which is the municipal seat, is located on the foothills of the Sierra Madre volcanic chain, south of Guatemala City.
- 1 History
- 2 Climate
- 3 Geographic location
- 4 See also
- 5 Notes and references
- 6 External links
According to the ancient oral traidition, Palín was settled by the Spanish conquistadores on 30 July 1535, although there is not any written documentation on the exact date that would have taken place. There is, though, a property title from 1751, that references the loss of the original document of the foundation of San Cristóbal Palín.[a]
Monastery and doctrine of Order of Preachers
After the Spanish conquest of Guatemala, the Spanish crown focused on the Catholic indoctrination of the natives. Human settlements founded by royal missionaries in the New World were called "Indian doctrines" or simply "doctrines". Originally, friars had only temporary missions: teach the Catholic faith to the natives, and then transfer the settlements to secular parishes, just like the ones that existed in Spain at the time; the friars were supposed to teach Spanish and Catholicism to the natives. And when the natives were ready, they could start living in parishes and contribute with mandatory tithing, just like the people in Spain.
But this plan never materialized, mainly because the Spanish crown lost control of the regular orders as soon as their friars set course to America. Shielded by their apostolic privileges granted to convert natives into Catholicism, the missionaries only responded to their order local authorities, and never to that of the Spanish government or the secular bishops. The orders local authorities, in turn, only dealt with their own order and not with the Spanish crown. Once a doctrine had been established, the protected their own economic interests, even against those of the King and thus, the doctrines became Indian towns that remains unaltered for the rest of the Spanish colony.
The doctrines were founded at the friars discretion, given that they were completely at liberty to settle communities provided the main purpose was to eventually transfer it as a secular parish which would be tithing of the bishop. In reality, what happened was that the doctrines grew uncontrollably and were never transferred to any secular parish; they formed around the place where the friars had their monastery and from there, they would go out to preach to settlements that belong to the doctrine and were called "annexes", "visits" or "visit towns". Therefore, the doctrines had three main characteristics:
- they were independent from external controls (both ecclesiastical and secular)
- were run by a group of friars
- had a relatively larger number of annexes.
The main characteristic of the doctrines was that they were run by a group of friars, because it made sure that the community system would continue without any issue when one of the members died.
In 1638, the Order of Preachers split their large doctrines —which meant large economic benefits for them— in groups centered around each one of their six monasteries, including the Amatitlán monastery, to which Palín belonged:
After independence from Spain: Amatitlán Department creation
After the independence of Central America, and during governor Mariano Rivera Paz time in office, a decree issue on 6 November 1839, created a new independent Departament called Amatitlán which also included Palín and Villa Nueva. The decree says:
- "The city of Amatitlán, San Cristóbal Palín, Villa Nueva, San Miguel and Santa Inés Petapa and all the annexed locations to these settlements will form an independent district for its political government and will be in charge of a Lieutenant Corregidor, who will act according to the applicable law starting on 2 October of this year and will earn a thousand pesos a year".
- "In the same district there will be a local court to impart justice".
Amatitlán Department dissolution and creation of the Palín municipality
Amatitlán Department was abolished by decree 2081 of 29 April 1935 of president general Jorge Ubico regime. This decree literally reads:
|Climate data for Palin|
|Average high °C (°F)||26.4
|Daily mean °C (°F)||20.7
|Average low °C (°F)||15.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||2
||Villa Canales, Guatemala Department municipality|
|Escuintla||San Vicente Pacaya|
|Escuintla||Escuintla and San Vicente Pacaya||San Vicente Pacaya|
Notes and references
- "Alcaldes electos en el departamento de Escuintla". Municipalidades de Guatemala (in Spanish). Guatemala. 10 September 2015. Archived from the original on October 7, 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- "XI Censo Nacional de Poblacion y VI de Habitación (Censo 2002)". Insituto Nacional de Estadística (INE). 2002.
- Municipalidad de Palín 2007
- van Oss 1986, p. 53.
- van Oss 1986, p. 54.
- Belaubre 2001, p. 39
- Juarros 1818, p. 338.
- "Climate: Palin". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- SEGEPLAN (n.d.). "Municipios de Escuintla, Guatemala". Secretaría General de Planificación y Programación de la Presidencia de la República. Guatemala. Archived from the original on 13 July 2015. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
- Arévalo Martínez, Rafael (1945). ¡Ecce Pericles! (in Spanish). Guatemala: Tipografía Nacional.
- Belaubre, Christopohe (2001). "Poder y redes sociales en Centroamérica: el caso de la Orden de los Dominicos (1757-1829)" (PDF). Mesoamérica (in Spanish). 41. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 January 2015.
- Fuentes y Guzmán, Francisco Antonio de (1883) . Zaragoza, Justo; Navarro, Luis, eds. Recordación Florida. Discurso historial y demostración natural, material, militar y política del Reyno de Guatemala (in Spanish). II. Madrid, Spain: Central.
- Juarros, Domingo (1818). Compendio de la historia de la Ciudad de Guatemala (in Spanish). Guatemala: Ignacio Beteta.
- Municipalidad de Palín (2007). "Municipalidad de Palín - Historia". Municipalidad de Palín (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 9 December 2007. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- van Oss, Adriaan C. (1986). Catholic Colonialism: A Parish History of Guatemala, 1524-1821. Cambridge,UK: Cambridge University Press.