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Palace Albanija in 2010.
|Architectural style||Modernist style|
|Design and construction|
|Other designers||Branko Bon
Palace Albanija (Serbian: Палата »Албанија«, Palata »Albanija«, English: Palace Albania) is a high-rise building in Belgrade, Serbia. Opened in 1940, it holds the distinction of being the first skyscraper built in Southeast Europe.
It is located at the north-west end of Terazije square. It was finished in 1940. It was designed by Miladin Prljević and Đorđe Lazarević, based on the 1938 project by Branko Bon and Milan Grakalić. It was the first highrise building in Belgrade and for a long time the tallest one, dominating the architecture of Belgrade of the time. The origin of its name is traced back to the period before it was built, since a kafana named Albanija previously occupied the same spot.
The project envisioned three floors bellow the ground. As the city government had no machinery required for the job, they invited the Kalmyks, emigrants from Russia, noted for their horses. With their horses and carts, the Kalmyks removed the rubble and earth from the foundation pit.
The building was hit during the heavy „Easter bombing“ of Belgrade by the Allies on 16 April 1944. On October 20, 1944, Yugoslav flag with red star placed on Palace Albanija declared that Belgrade was liberated from the Nazis by the Red Army and Yugoslav Partisan forces. To this day it is the highest reference point between Terazije and Slavija.
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