Palace of the Holy Office

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This article is about the palace in Rome. For the one in Birgu, Malta, see Inquisitor's Palace.
Palace of the Holy Office
Palazzo del Sant'Uffizio
Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.jpg
Façade of the Palace of the Holy Office
Former names Palazzo Pucci
General information
Status Intact
Type Palace
Location Rome, Italy
Coordinates 41°54′4″N 12°27′22″E / 41.90111°N 12.45611°E / 41.90111; 12.45611Coordinates: 41°54′4″N 12°27′22″E / 41.90111°N 12.45611°E / 41.90111; 12.45611
Current tenants Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
Construction started c. 1514
Completed 1524–25
Renovated 1566–67 and 1921–25
Client Lorenzo Pucci
Owner Holy See
Design and construction
Architect Giuliano Leni
Pietro Roselli
Renovating team
Architect Pirro Ligorio
Giovanni Sallustio Peruzzi
Pietro Guidi

The Palace of the Holy Office (Italian: Palazzo del Sant'Uffizio) is a building in Rome which is an extraterritorial property of Vatican City. It houses the curial Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

The palace is situated south of St. Peter's Basilica near the Petriano Entrance to Vatican City. The building lies outside the confines of Vatican City at the south-eastern corner of the city-state. It is one of the properties of the Holy See in Italy regulated by the 1929 Lateran Treaty signed with the Kingdom of Italy. As such, it has extraterritorial status.

The palace was first built after 1514 for Cardinal Lorenzo Pucci, and it was called Palazzo Pucci. Its façade was rebuilt in 1524–25 by the architects Giuliano Leni, Pietro Roselli and even Michelangelo. When Pucci died in 1531, the building was still not fully completed.[1]

In 1566–67, the palace was purchased by Pope Pius V for 9000 scudi, and it was converted into the seat of the Holy Office. Renovation works were undertaken by Pirro Ligorio and Giovanni Sallustio Peruzzi. A complete renovation of the building was made by Pietro Guidi between 1921 and 1925.[1]

It is where Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger (now Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI) worked as Prefect of the Congregation.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Barbolla, Manuela; Firpo, Massimo; Marino, Mario; Petaccia, Anna Grazia; Ponziani, Daniel. Rari e preziosi. Documenti dell'età moderna e contemporanea dall'archivio del Sant'Uffizio: Catalogo mostra a Roma, Museo Centrale del Risorgimento. Gangemi Editore spa. pp. 86–87. ISBN 9788849290219. 
  2. ^ Jacobson Schutte, Anne (May 1999). "Palazzo del Sant'Uffizio: The Opening of the Roman Inquisition's Central Archive". American Historical Association. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016.