Palaeanodonta

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Palaeanodonta
Temporal range: Paleocene - Oligocene
Metacheiromys DB152.jpg
Metacheiromys, a palaeanodont
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Suborder:
Palaeanodonta

Matthew (1918)

Palaeanodonta is an extinct suborder of pangolin. They were insectivorous, posssibly fossorial, and lived from the Middle Paleocene to Early Oligocene in North America, Europe and eastern Asia.

Taxonomy[edit]

  • Order Pholidota sensu lato[1][2][3][4]
    • Suborder Palaeanodonta Matthew 1918
      • Genus †Arcticanodon Rose, Eberle & McKenna 2004
        • Species †Arcticanodon dawsonae Rose, Eberle & McKenna 2004
      • Genus †Melaniella Fox 1984
        • Species †Melaniella timosa Fox 1984
      • Genus †Molaetherium Heissig 1982
      • Genus †Amelotabes Rose 1978
        • Species †Amelotabes simpsoni Rose 1978
      • Family †Escavadodontidae Rose & Lucas 2000
        • Genus †Escavadodon Rose & Lucas 2000
          • Species †Escavadodon zygus Rose & Lucas 2000
      • Family †Epoicotheriidae Simpson 1927
        • Genus †Alocodontulum Rose, Bown & Simons 1978
        • Genus †Auroratherium Tong & Wamg 1997
          • Species †Auroratherium sinense Tong & Wamg 1997
        • Genus †Pentapassalus Gazin 1952
          • Species †Pentapassalus pearcei Gazin 1952 [Tubulodon pearcei (Gazin 1952) Rose et al. 1991]
          • Species †Pentapassalus woodi (Guthrie 1967) Rose 1978 [Palaeanodon woodi Guthrie 1967; Tubulodon woodi (Guthrie 1967) Rose et al. 1991]
        • Genus †Dipassalus Rose, Krishtalka & Stucky 1991
          • Genus †Dipassalus oryctes Rose, Krishtalka & Stucky 1991
        • Genus †Tetrapassalus Simpson 1959a
          • Species †Tetrapassalus mckennai Simpson 1959a
          • Species †Tetrapassalus proius West 1973c
        • Genus †Epoicotherium Simpson 1927 [Xenotherium Douglass 1906 non Ameghino 1904; Pseudochrysochloris Turnbull & Reed 1967]
          • Species †Epoicotherium unicum Douglass 1904 [Pseudochrysochloris yoderensis Turnbull & Reed 1967]
        • Genus †Tubulodon Jepsen 1932 [Pentapassalus Gazin 1952, Alocodon Rose et al. 1977]
          • Species †Tubulodon atopum Rose et al. 1978
          • Species †Tubulodon pearcei Gazin 1952
          • Species †Tubulodon taylori Jepsen 1932
          • Species †Tubulodon woodi Guthrie 1967
        • Genus †Xenocranium Colbert 1942
          • Species †Xenocranium pileorivale Colbert 1942
      • Family †Metacheiromyidae Wortman 1903
        • Genus †Propalaeanodon Rose 1979
          • Species †Propalaeanodon schaffi Rose 1979
        • Genus †Palaeanodon Matthew 1918
          • Species †Palaeanodon parvulus Matthew 1918
          • Species †Palaeanodon ignavus Matthew 1918
          • Species †Palaeanodon nievelti Gingerich 1989
        • Genus †Brachianodon Gunnell & Gingerich 1993
          • Species †Brachianodon westorum Gunnell & Gingerich 1993
        • Genus †Mylanodon Secord et al. 2002
          • Species †Mylanodon rosei Secord et al. 2002
        • Genus †Metacheiromys Wortman 1903
          • Species †Metacheiromys marshi Wortman 1903 [Metacheiromys tatusia Osborn 1904]
          • Species †Metacheiromys dasypus Osborn 1904 [Metacheiromys osborni Simpson 1931]
      • Family †Ernanodontidae
        • Genus †Ernanodon
          • Species †E. antelios Ting 1979

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haaramo, Mikko (2007). "Manidae– Recent pangolins". Mikko's Phylogeny Archive. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  2. ^ "Taxonomic lists- Mammals". Paleofile.com. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  3. ^ "Palaeanodonta". fossilworks.org. Paleobiology Database. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  4. ^ Kondrashov, Peter; Agadjanian, Alexandre K. (2012). "A nearly complete skeleton of Ernanodon (Mammalia, Palaeanodonta) from Mongolia: morphofunctional analysis". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 32 (5): 983–1001. doi:10.1080/02724634.2012.694319. ISSN 0272-4634.