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'Palaelodus ambiguus.jpg
Reconstructed skeleton of Palaelodus ambiguus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Phoenicopteriformes
Family: Palaelodidae
Stejneger, 1885


Palaelodidae is a family of extinct birds in the group Phoenicopteriformes, which today is represented only by the flamingos.[1] They have been described as "swimming flamingos."

They can be considered evolutionarily, and ecologically, intermediate between flamingos and grebes.[2]

Three genera are recognised:[3][4]


  1. ^ Mayr, Gerald (2004). "Morphological evidence for sister group relationship between flamingos (Aves: Phoenicopteridae) and grebes (Podicipedidae)" (PDF). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 140 (2): 157–169. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2003.00094.x. ISSN 0024-4082. Retrieved November 3, 2009.
  2. ^ Mayr, Gerald (2006). "The contribution of fossils to the reconstruction of the higher-level phylogeny of birds" (PDF). Species, Phylogeny and Evolution. 3: 59–64. ISSN 1098-660X. Retrieved 12 August 2009.
  3. ^ Haaramo, Mikko (2007). "Phoenicopteriformes – flamingoes". Mikko's Phylogeny Archive. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  4. ^ "Taxonomic lists- Aves". (net, info). Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  5. ^ Gál, Erika; Hir, János; Kessler, Eugén; Kókay, József; Venczel, Márton. "Középsõ-miocén õsmaradványok a Mátraszõlõs, Rákóczi-kápolna alatti útbevágásból. II. A Mátraszõlõs 2. lelõhely" [Middle Miocene fossils from the section of the road at the Rákóczi Capel, Mátraszõlõs. II. Locality Mátraszõlõs 2.] (PDF). Folia Historico Naturalia Musei Matraensis (in Hungarian and English): 39–75. Retrieved 28 July 2011.