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Temporal range: Late Eocene–Early Oligocene
Palaeomastodon beadnelli.jpg
P. beadnelli skull
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Eutheria
Superorder: Afrotheria
Order: Proboscidea
Illiger, 1811
Family: †Palaeomastodontidae
Genus: Palaeomastodon

Palaeomastodon an extinct genus of Proboscidea. Palaeomastodon fossils have been found in Africa, lived some 36-35 million years ago. They are believed to be the ancestors of elephants or mastodons.[1]

Artistic representation by Heinrich Harder
Life reconstruction of Palaeomastodon beadnelli

Palaeomastodon had tusks, both upper and lower, and it had a trunk. It was about 2.2 meters tall at the shoulder and weighed about 2.5 tonnes.[2] The lower tusks were flat rather than pointed cones, and were probably used to scoop plants from swampy water.

Artistic representation


  • Chased By Sea Monsters by Nigel Marven and Jasper James (Pg.128)



  1. ^ The genus Palaeomastodon
  2. ^ Larramendi, A. (2016). "Shoulder height, body mass and shape of proboscideans" (PDF). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 61. doi:10.4202/app.00136.2014.