Palais Berlitz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 48°52′13.63″N 2°20′3.96″E / 48.8704528°N 2.3344333°E / 48.8704528; 2.3344333

Palais Berlitz is located in Paris
Palais Berlitz
Palais Berlitz

The Palais Berlitz is an office building built in Paris in the 1930s on a block formed by the Boulevard des Italiens, the rue Louis-le-Grand (fr), the Rue de la Michodière (fr) and the rue du Hanovre.

It was built to replace the Pavillon du Hanovre (fr), which was dismantled and rebuilt in a park in a Paris suburb.

Le Pavillon de Hanovre[edit]

Le Pavillon de Hanovre on the boulevard des Italiens

Le Pavillon de Hanovre was built between 1758 and 1760 by the French architect Jean-Michel Chevotet (1698–1772) in the gardens of the Duke of Richelieu on the rue Neuve-Saint-Augustin (now the Boulevard des Italiens).

The Pavillon de Hanovre rebuilt in the Parc de Sceaux

During construction on the Palais Berlitz, the Pavilion de Hanovre was disassembled, and reconstructed in 1932 in a park in Sceaux. This work was performed under the direction of the architect Léon Azéma, assisted by Louis Plousey and Urbain Cassan.

33 boulevard des Italiens, c. 1907-1908

Le palais Berlitz[edit]

33 boulevard des Italiens, Present
Idem

Under the name of the Palace of Hanover, it was built as an office building in the 1930s by the French architect Charles Lemaresquier (1870–1972) who conceived other buildings in the same style such as the headquarters of Félix Potin.

At the ground floor were stores and a newsreel theatre that seated 200.

The building was renamed the Palais Berlitz after the English language school which located to the building. In the 1950s the ground floor and basement of the building were converted into a 1,500-seat cinema called the Berlitz, and the old newsreel theatre was turned into a restaurant.

It was one of the most important first run movie theatres in Paris at that time. The design featured a huge curved lobby with stained glass windows leading to the big auditorium which had club armchairs. However, due to two large columns in the auditorium space, the size of the screen was limited.

In the 1980s Gaumont took over and divided the Berlitz including the restaurant (the former newsreel house) into six small screens. The place lost its original design and was not attractive.

In the 1990s the building was entirely rebuilt with only the facade remaining. In the new building, the new six-screen multiplex run by Gaumont has a much nicer design and has a total seating capacity of 1,137.

After the fire of the Credit Lyonnais headquarters, the French bank LCL installed there its main branch.

Exhibition Le juif et la France (=The Jew and France)[edit]

Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1975-041-07, Paris, Propaganda gegen Juden.jpg

Palais Berlitz is especially sadly notorious for an antisemitic exhibition during Nazi occupation Le juif et la France (5 September 1941-15 January 1942).