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The Palais Schaumburg is a castle-like building in Bonn, Germany, which served as the first official seat of the German Federal Chancellery and the primary official residence of the Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949 until 1999. As the headquarters of the Federal Chancellery it was simply known as the House of the Federal Chancellor (German: Haus des Bundeskanzlers).
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The late neoclassical palais was built between 1858 and 1860 for the cloth manufacturer Wilhelm Loeschigk. Bought by Prince Adolf of Schaumburg-Lippe it was enlarged during the following years. On January 31, 1939, the army bought the palaces from Ernst Wolrad, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe.
After World War II the Belgian Army staff used the building until it became the official seat of the first chancellor of the Federal Republic, Konrad Adenauer, in November 1949. Two months later, he greeted the new republic’s first state guest Robert Schuman.
Hans Schwippert rebuilt the building for the use as a Federal Chancellery in 1950. It was also extended by the so-called houses 2 and 3. By 1976 more space was needed, so a new building was planned . Some departments remained, however, in the palais which remained in use for ceremonial purposes. In 1963 the Wohn- und Empfangsgebäude des Bundeskanzlers, the so-called Chancellor bungalow (Kanzlerbungalow), in the modern style of architect Sep Ruf was built in the spacious park as a semi-official residence for the Chancellors.
The Palais Schaumburg became home to the federal ministry for environment, conservation and reactor safety (Bundesministeriums für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit) when it was formed in 1986. After the reunification of Germany in 1990 five "Federal Ministers for Special Affairs" kept offices in the palais.
The palais was used at the signing of the treaty about the creation of a currency, economy and social union in 1990 by representatives of both German states.
Since the government move in 1999 the Palais Schaumburg has served as a secondary official seat of the Federal Chancellery and secondary official residence for the Chancellor in which different departments are accommodated.
The palais is not publicly accessible. Usually the Haus der Geschichte provides the opportunity to book guidances and to visit the historical place. But since August 2013 the palais has been closed because of building restoration, estimated for three years. Instead of that the Haus der Geschichte offers an Online-Panorama-Tour. The virtual tour shows all exhibition rooms as well as three views from the outside getting a look on the building and on the park.
A tree has been planted for every former Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic in the Park Schaumburg in memory of his periods of office:
|Konrad Adenauer||CDU||1949-1963||Empress Tree||Replaced in 1992 after storm|
|Ludwig Erhard||CDU||1963–1966||giant redwood|
|Kurt Georg Kiesinger||CDU||1966–1969||Norway maple||Planted 1978|
|Willy Brandt||SPD||1969–1974||Ginkgo||Planted 1979|
|Helmut Schmidt||SPD||1974–1982||Weeping willow|
|Helmut Kohl||CDU||1982–1998||European beech||Planted 1987|
|Gerhard Schröder||SPD||1998–2005||English oak||Planted 2006|
- Online-Panorama to the Palais Schaumburg on the official Websites of the Stiftung Haus der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland