|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2015)|
Kirti Stambh, a tower commemorating the history of the town and its former ruling dynasty
|Elevation||209 m (686 ft)|
|• Official||Gujarati, Hindi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Palanpur in early times is said to have been called Pralhadan Patan, and to have been founded by Pralhadan Dev, brother of Dharavarsh Parmar of Paramara dynasty of Chandravati; it is said to have been desolate two centuries before the beginning of the Samvat era (57 B.C.). It was afterwards re-peopled by Palansi Chauhan from whom it took its modern name. Others say that it was founded by Pal Parmar whose brother Jagdev founded nearby Jagana village.
The history of Palanpur starts with its mention in its relation to historic city of Chandravati ruled by Paramara dynasty. The town was re-peopled ruled by Chauhans around thirteenth century. At the start of the seventeenth century, the Palanpur State was taken over by Jhalori dynasty of Pashtun Lohani tribe which was founded in 1373 and ruled from Jhalor. The dynasty came into historical prominence during the period of instability that followed the demise of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in the early 18th century. It was overrun soon afterwards by the Marathas; the Lohanis followed the trend of seeking recourse in the British East India Company against them and finally entered the subsidiary alliance system in 1817, along with all other neighbouring states, becoming a British protectorate. After independence of India in 1947, Palanpur State was dissolved in 1949 and merged with Union of India as a part of Bombay State. Subsequently Palanpur became the capital of Banaskantha district of Gujarat.
Geography and climate
Palanpur is located at  It has an average elevation of 209 metres (685 ft)..
In Summer, it is hot and humid with an average temperature of 42 Degrees with hot sandy winds. The temperature sometimes reaches 46 Degrees. However just before monsoon it becomes swelteringly hot along with humidity. In Winter, it's 5 to 15 degrees, which is quite cold as compared to other cities in Gujarat and in Monsoon, the average rainfall is about 20 to 30 inches per season.
As of 2011[update] India census, Palanpur had a population of 1,40,344. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Palanpur has an average literacy rate of 86%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 94%, and female literacy is 78%. In Palanpur, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
|Population Growth of Palanpur|
Places of interest
In 1760, Bahadur Khan built the Nagarkot, the city-walls of Palanpur. It was 3 miles long, 18.5 feet high and 6 feet broad. The gates of the city-walls were Delhi Darwaja, Gathaman Darwaja, Malan Darwaja, Mira Darwaja, Virbai Darwaja, Salempura Darwaja, Sadarpur Darwaja or Shimla Darwaja. Only Mira Darwaja survives today.
Sher Muhammad Khan attended the coronation ceremony of King George V in Delhi in 1910 and built a club named after him in 1913. His successor Tale Muhammad Khan constructed Kirti Stambh, a 22 metre tower near railway station commemorating the gallantry of his father and the history of town and his dynasty, in 1918. He also built Balaram Palace between 1922 to 1936 and later Jorawar Palace (Currently used as Judicial Court) also. In 1939, he also built Shashivan, formerly Jahanara Baug, a garden to commemorate his second marriage with a daughter of an Australian businessman.
The old marketplaces are Nanibazar, Moti Bazar and Dhalvas. Apart from Shahshivan, Chaman Bag is a major public garden in the town. Early Jhalori ruler Malik Mujahid Khan built Mansarovar, a lake dedicated to his queen Manbai Jadeja, in 1628.
The Solanki dynasty ruler Siddharaj Jaisinh of Anhilwad Patan is believed to be born in Palanpur. His mother Meenaldevi built Pataleshwar Temple dedicated to Shiva. Other Hindu temples are Lakshman Tekri temple, Mota Ramji Mandir, Ambaji Mata Mandir.
The major Jain temples include Motu Derasar and Nanu Derasar. The Pallaviya Parshwanath Temple, also known as Mota Derasar, was built by King Prahaladan which is dedicated to Parshwanath.
Dairy, textile, diamond polishing and marble are major industries of Palanpur. Banas Dairy is one of the largest dairy in the state. The diamond polishing and evaluation industry across India and abroad is dominated by Palanpuri Jain diaspora. Palanpuri Ittars are popular for their fragrance and earned the nickname 'city of flowers' to the town.
Surmandir is the first Multiplex of north Gujarat and is now operated by Big Cinemas. Other single screen cinemas are City Light and Movie World.
Education and culture
Palanpur is an educational hub of Banaskantha; students from nearby villages come to schools and colleges.
Several notable persons hails from Palanpur:
- Pranav Mistry, famous computer scientist and the inventor, well known for his work of SixthSense, Samsung Galaxy Gear and many other technologies.
- Rohit Jivanlal Parikh, mathematician, logician and philosopher. He holds the position of distinguished Professor at Brooklyn College, New York (1982–present).
- Chandrakant Bakshi, (1932–2006) A well known Gujarati author.
- B. K. Gadhvi, politician
- Bharat Shah, a diamond merchant, Hindi film financier and distributor
- Kalidas Narshidas Karnavat, social servant who established several institutes in the town such as Karnavat School, Karnavat Hostel, Banaskantha Merchantile Cooperative Bank, Brahmapuri Ashram
Several Gujarati Ghazal poets like Shunya Palanpuri, Amar Palanpuri, Saif Palanpuri, Aaagam Palanpuri, Musafir Palanpuri, Baagi Palanpuri, Khamosh Palanpuri, Sufi Palanpuri belonged to the town. Saiyyad Brothers are popular photographers belonged to the town.
- Musafir Palanpuri, (1948) A well known Gujarati shayar Musafir Palanpuri. His original name is Amir Mohammad Deen Mohammad Sindhi.Born on June 21, 1948 in Palanpur, had many hardships in childhood and lost his mother at the age of 12. Musafirbhai is a very well known and established shayar of Gujarati literature. He belongs to the traditional school of ghazals. He was always considered a high calibre teacher and received a National Award for ‘Best Teacher’ in 1998.
The town being the headquarters of Banaskantha district is well-connected by road and rail.
Palanpur Railway Station, on the Jaipur-Ahmedabad line, comes under the administrative control of Western Railway zone of the Indian Railways. It has direct rail links on the broad gauge to the cities of Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Mysore, Bangalore, Pune, Mumbai, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Delhi, Dehradun, Muzaffarpur, Bareilly and Jammu. It is connected to most of the cities and towns in Gujarat such as Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodra, Bhuj, Rajkot, Jamnagar and Porbandar.Indian Railways’ proposal to double the broad gauge line between Palanpur and Samakhiali has received government backing.The doubling will benefit the districts of Kutch, Patan and Banaskantha in the state of Gujarat.
National Highway 14 connecting Beawar in Rajasthan with Radhanpur in Gujarat passes through Deesa-Palanpur ,thus connecting it with the cities of Pali, Sirohi and Abu Road. State Highways SH 712, SH 132 pass through Palanpur and connect it with nearby towns in Gujarat. State Highway SH 41 connects it with Mehsana & Ahmedabad.
The nearest Airport is the Deesa Airport, originally built to serve the princely state of Palanpur. It is just 26 km from Palanpur city. The nearest International Airport is Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport, Ahmedabad which is 139 km far from Palanpur city.
Nearby places of interest
- Jessore Sloth Bear Sanctuary, a reserve forest sprawling over 180 km² is located in Jessore is about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) away.
- Rani ki vav, Patan
- Sun Temple, Modhera
- Dantiwada Dam
- Balaram Palace Resort
- Kedarnath Mahadev Temple, located in Jessore, about 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Palanpur and Balaram Mahadev temple, located about 14 km from the town are major temples dedicated to Shiva. A temple of Dharmata, who is a patron goddess of Sundhiya family is situated near Balaram Mahadev Temple.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Palanpur.|
- Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Cutch, Palanpur, and Mahi Kantha. Government Central Press. 1880. pp. 318–324.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Palanpur
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Historical Census of India".
- "Census of Palanpur".
- "Helipad in every taluka headquaters [sic]". The Times of India. 28 December 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2012.