Palantla Chinantec

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Palantla Chinantec
Tlatepuzco Chinantec
Native toMexico
RegionOaxaca
EthnicityChinantecs
Native speakers
25,000 (2007)[1]
Oto-Mangue
  • Western Oto-Mangue
    • Oto-Pame–Chinantecan
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
cpa – Palantla Chinantec
cvn – Valle Nacional Chinantec
Glottologpala1351  Palantla[2]
vall1253  Valle Nacional[3]

Palantla Chinantec, also known as Chinanteco de San Pedro Tlatepuzco, is a major Chinantecan language of Mexico, spoken in San Juan Palantla and a couple dozen neighboring towns in northern Oaxaca. The variety of San Mateo Yetla, known as Valle Nacional Chinantec, has marginal mutual intelligibility.

A grammar and a dictionary have been published.[4][5]

The language is unusual in having, for some speakers, a three-way contrast between non-nasalized, lightly nasalized, and heavily nasalized vowels.[6]

Phonology[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Front Central Back
Close i ɯ u
Mid ɛ ɤ o
Open a

Close vowels /i u/ typically are articulated as more open [ɪ ʊ] and are realized as more closed when represented by different tones. The close back vowel /ɯ/ tends to be articulated as [ə] when present in vowel clusters following /u/, or when preceding the /j/ consonant, and may also have a higher central sound. The mid back vowel /ɤ/ tends to be articulated as [ɜ] or [ɨ] when preceding a /w/ consonant. The low central vowel /a/ tends to be realized as [ɐ] following /i/ when one of the consonants /t l n/ occurs.

Each vowel can be nasalized as /ĩ ɯ̃ ũ ɛ̃ ɤ̃ õ ã/.

Stress tones may include either high or low /v́ v̀/ tones.[7][4]

Consonants[edit]

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Affricate voiceless t͡s
voiced d͡z
Rhotic r
Fricative ɸ s h
Nasal m n ŋ
Approximant w l j

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palantla Chinantec at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Valle Nacional Chinantec at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Palantla Chinantec". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Valle Nacional Chinantec". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ a b Merrifield, William R. 1968. Palantla Chinantec grammar. Papeles de la Chinantla 5, Serie Científica 9.México: Museo Nacional de Antropología.
  5. ^ Merrifield, William R. and Alfred E. Anderson. 2007. Diccionario Chinanteco de la diáspora del pueblo antiguo de San Pedro Tlatepuzco, Oaxaca. [2nd Edition]. Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves” 39. Mexico DF: Summer Linguistic Institute.[1].
  6. ^ Juliette Blevins (2004). Evolutionary Phonology: The Emergence of Sound Patterns. Cambridge University Press. p. 203.
  7. ^ Merrifield, William R. (1963). Palantla Chinantec Syllable Types. Anthropological Linguistics Vol. 5, No. 5: Anthropological Linguistics. pp. 1–16.CS1 maint: location (link)