Palaquium gutta

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Palaquium gutta
Palaquium gutta - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-099.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Sapotaceae
Genus: Palaquium
Species:
P. gutta
Binomial name
Palaquium gutta
Synonyms[2]

Palaquium gutta is a tree in the family Sapotaceae. The specific epithet gutta is from the Malay word getah meaning "sap or latex".[3]

Description[edit]

Palaquium gutta grows up to 40 metres (130 ft) tall. The bark is reddish brown. Inflorescences bear up to 12 flowers. The fruits are round or ellipsoid, sometimes brownish tomentose, up to 2.5 centimetres (1 in) long.[3]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Palaquium gutta is native to Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Borneo.[1] Its habitat is lowland mixed dipterocarp, kerangas and limestone forests.[3]

Uses[edit]

The seeds of Palaquium gutta are used to make soap and candles, occasionally in cooking. The latex is used to make gutta-percha. The timber is logged and traded as nyatoh.[1]

Conservation[edit]

Palaquium gutta has been assessed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List. The significant threat to the species is deforestation: in Borneo for conversion of land to palm oil cultivation.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Olander, S.B. & Wilkie, P. (2018). "Palaquium gutta". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T61965223A61965225. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Palaquium gutta (Hook.) Baill". Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Mohtar, A.P. Abang Mohd. (April 2002). "Palaquium gutta (Hook.f.) Baill.". In Soepadmo, E.; Saw, L. G.; Chung, R. C. K. (eds.). Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. (free online from the publisher, lesser resolution scan PDF versions). 4. Forest Research Institute Malaysia. pp. 287–288. ISBN 983-2181-27-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013.