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Duchy of Palatinate-Neuburg
Herzogtum Pfalz-Neuburg
State of the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806)
1505–1808 Electorate of the Palatinate

Coat of arms

Capital Neuburg an der Donau
Languages Austro-Bavarian
Religion Calvinism
Government Principality
Count Palatine
 •  1505–59 Otto Henry
 •  1653–90 Philip William
 •  1742–99 Charles Theodore
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Established July 30, 1505
 •  Ceded to Zweibrücken 1557
 •  Sulzbach separated 1614
 •  Merged with the Electorate of the Palatinate 1685
 •  Disestablished 1808

Palatinate-Neuburg (German: Herzogtum Pfalz-Neuburg) is a former territory of the Holy Roman Empire, founded in 1505 by a branch of the House of Wittelsbach. Its capital was Neuburg an der Donau. Its area was about 2,750 km², with a population of some 100,000.


Timeline of Palatinate-Neuburg
view • discuss • edit
1500 —
1520 —
1540 —
1560 —
1580 —
1600 —
1620 —
1640 —
1660 —
1680 —
1700 —
1720 —
1740 —
1760 —
1780 —
1800 —
1505 - Duchy was created
1557 - Ceded to another family
1608 - Joined the Protestant Union
1808 - Duchy was abolished

The Duchy of Pfalz-Neuburg was created in 1505 as the result of the Landshut War of Succession and existed until 1799 or 1808. After the so-called Kölner Spruch (Verdict of Cologne) the Duchy was created from the territories north of the Danube for Otto Henry and Philipp, the sons of Ruprecht of the Palatinate. While they were minors, their grandfather Philipp ruled the Duchy until his death in 1508, followed by Frederick II. In 1557 Otto Henry ceded his duchy (the so-called Young Palatinate) to Wolfgang of Pfalz-Zweibrücken. The eldest son of Wolfgang, Philipp Louis, founded in 1569 the elder line of Pfalz-Zweibrücken-Neuburg, from which the Palatinate-Sulzbach lineage was separated in 1614. Pfalz-Neuburg joined the Protestant Union in 1608. In 1800, the Duchy was invaded by the France and on June 26, 1800, the Habsburg, Württemberg and Bavarian armies fought a battle there. After fighting for most of a day, the Coalition armies withdrew. Neuburg was occupied by the French, and General Ney established his headquarters in the castle there.[1]

The Duchy of Pfalz-Neuburg was abolished in 1808. In the partition of Bavaria in 1837 Pfalz-Neuburg was joined with Swabia but became a part of Upper Bavaria in the 1970s.

Dukes of Palatinate-Neuburg[edit]

House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Neuburg[edit]

With the death of Elector Charles Philip in 1742 all his territories including the state of Palatinate-Neuburg passed to the Palatinate-Sulzbach line of the Wittelsbach dynasty. Charles Theodor of the Sulzbach line was a descendant of Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach, a brother of Wolfgang Wilhelm.

House of Palatinate-Sulzbach[edit]

House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Marceau, p 105.