Palatini identity

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In general relativity and tensor calculus, the Palatini identity is:

where denotes the variation of Christoffel symbols[1] and semicolon ";" indicates covariant differentiation.

Proof can be found in the entry Einstein–Hilbert action.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Christoffel, E.B. (1869), "Ueber die Transformation der homogenen Differentialausdrücke zweiten Grades", Jour. für die reine und angewandte Mathematik, B. 70: 46–70 


  • A. Palatini (1919) Deduzione invariantiva delle equazioni gravitazionali dal principio di Hamilton, Rend. Circ. Mat. Palermo 43, 203-212 [English translation by R.Hojman and C. Mukku in P.G. Bergmann and V. De Sabbata (eds.) Cosmology and Gravitation, Plenum Press, New York (1980)]
  • M. Tsamparlis, On the Palatini method of Variation, J. Math. Phys. 19, 555 (1977).