Palatovaginal canal

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Palatovaginal canal
Base of skull. Inferior surface. (Pharyngeal canal labeled at right, tenth label from the top.)
Latin c. pharyngeus, c. palatovaginalis
TA A02.1.00.064
FMA 54372
Anatomical terminology

The palatovaginal canal (also pharyngeal canal) is a canal between the sphenoid bone and the palatine bone that connects the nasopharynx with the pterygopalatine fossa. An inconstant vomerovaginal canal may lie between the ala of the vomer and the vaginal process of the sphenoid bone, medial to the palatovaginal canal, and lead into the anterior end of the palatovaginal canal. It transmits the pharyngeal branch of the third part of the maxillary artery.


The palatovaginal canal contains the pharyngeal branch of the maxillary nerve and the pharyngeal artery.


The opening to the palatovaginal canal in the nasal cavity is located near the lateral margin of the ala of the vomer, at the roots of the pterygoid process. The other opening to the palatovaginal canal is located inferiorly and posteriorly in the pterygopalatine fossa.


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 180 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

External links[edit]

  • Rumboldt Z, Castillo M, Smith JK (2002). "The palatovaginal canal: can it be identified on routine CT and MR imaging?". AJR Am J Roentgenol. 179 (1): 267–72. doi:10.2214/ajr.179.1.1790267. PMID 12076948.