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Palaú is located in Mexico
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 27°55′0″N 101°25′0″W / 27.91667°N 101.41667°W / 27.91667; -101.41667
Country  Mexico
State Coahuila
Municipality Múzquiz
Elevation 440 m (1,440 ft)
Population (2005)
 • Total 16,133

Palaú is a town in the Mexican state of Coahuila. It is located on the eastern boundary of the Chihuahuan Desert, in the municipality of Múzquiz. Temperatures in the summertime can easily reach 45 degrees Celsius and the winters are mild but wet. The main industry is coal mining.

When an Austrian engineer discovered these energy riches in the late 19th century, the northern portion of Coahuila quickly transformed from a sparsely populated region of cattle ranchers to an industrial powerhouse. Thousands of Japanese immigrants came seeking work; some of their descendents, with Japanese surnames, are still here.

Coahuila coal feeds steel mills in Monclova and Monterrey, the country's third-largest city. Two coal-fired electric plants near the U.S. border supply as much as 8 percent of Mexico's electricity.

Population (INEGI 2005): 16,133 (men 8,063; women 8,070)


Coordinates: 27°55′N 101°25′W / 27.917°N 101.417°W / 27.917; -101.417