The municipality of Palauig is the nearest mainland to the Philippine-claimed EEZ Panatag Shoal, or Scarborough Shoal, and by virtue of proximity, the latter is a designated part of the municipality.
At present, Palauig is headed by Honorable Mayor Generoso F. Amog, with the Municipal Council called Sangguniang Bayan with 8 members, particularly 7 regular Councilors and the Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) President Elenita Reyes del Fierro.
Most of the local populations in the town proper, known locally as 'Poblacion' speaks sambal followed by Tagalog and Ilocano. But most of the present generation are speaking and more fluent in using the Filipino (Tagalog) the country's national language. The barangays of Alwa, Bato, Salaza, San Vicente and Pangolingan were known to be a majority Ilocano speakers except the rest of the barangays were majority of sambal speakers with minority of Tagalog to most of the barangays.
Palauig is home to the mountain climbing resort of Mount Tapulao. Because of cold climate on its summit similar to Baguio City, it has become an attraction to many local and foreign mountaineering groups and tourists. The Municipal Tourism Authority of the Palauig Municipal Government also promotes the Magalawa Island Resort and Famous Beach Resorts along the coastal Barangay of Locloc.
Due to the municipal government's aggressive tourism campaign, local and foreign tourist arrivals in the municipality is on the rise and bringing Palauig as another Tourist destination in Zambales Province.