Palazzo Mozzi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Palazzo Mozzi

Palazzo Mozzi or Palazzo de' Mozzi is an early Renaissance palace, located at the end of the Piazza de' Mozzi that emerges from Ponte alle Grazie and leads straight to the palace where via San Niccolò becomes via de' Bardi in the Quartiere of Santo Spirito (San Niccolò) in the Oltrarno section of Florence, region of Tuscany, Italy. The 13th-century palace housed the gallery of the highly successful antiquarian Stefano Bardini, of which the remnants were left to the commune, where they assembled the Museo Bardini or Mozzi Bardini, displaying Florentine art and artifacts up to the early Renaissance. The gardens elaborated against the hillside behind the palace were added mainly by Bardini.

History[edit]

The palazzo was built by the Mozzi family between 1260 and 1273[1] as a fortification for the Ponte alle Grazie.[2] The prominent Mozzi family had been persecuted in the past for its Guelph leanings. The palace in the 13th and 14th-centuries hosted prominent visitors to Florence such as Pope Gregory X, Robert, Duke of Anjou, and the Duke of Athens at the palazzo.[1] This may have been due to its protected location, outside of the city center, near the Porta San Niccolo.[3]

The palazzo was modified in the 14th century to a Renaissance house. The site changed hands during the 1500s, and the Mozzi family repossessed the site by 1551. During the 1700s and early 1800s, the palace was refurbished by the architect Gasparo Maria Paoletti, including the additions of some frescoes (1778) on the first floor.

With the extinction of the Mozzi family, the palace fell into disrepair, and was bought in 1880 by the Princess Vanda Carolath von Beuthen, then in 1913, by Stefano Bardini. The palace served as a gallery for the objects he had for sale, and a studio for his restorers. His will in 1922, required his heirs to convert his remaining collection into a cultural institution.

However, feuding of heirs retarded any progress towards this purpose until 1996, when the palace was acquired by the Commune. The palace façade has been restored to how it was expected to resemble in the 13th-century. The main façade has a coat of arms of Mozzi with a Cross of Toulouse. The interior contains architectural elements including portals from various city structures dismembered during the 19th-century Risanamiento of the city.[4] The State of Italy currently owns the palazzo.[5] It was closed in 1999 for nearly a decade of restoration and re-opened in April 2009 to host the Bardini Museum (Museo Bardini).

In the 16th century, a plot of land was purchased behind the palazzo and was used to grow an olive grove. The grove was transformed into the Giardino Bardini in the 19th century when the palazzo was purchased by Stefano Bardini.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Zucconi, Guido (1995). Florence: An Architectural Guide (November 2001 Reprint ed.). San Giovanni Lupatoto, Verona, Italy: Arsenale Editrice. p. 38. ISBN 88-7743-147-4. 
  2. ^ a b "Palazzo Mozzi". Firenze-Oltrarno.net. March 12, 2004. Retrieved July 24, 2006. 
  3. ^ Florentine Palaces & Their Stories, by Janet Ross (1905), page 151-154.
  4. ^ Palazzo Spinelli, Repertorio delle Architettura Civili di Firenze, entry on Palazzo Mozzi.
  5. ^ "Gallery of Palazzo Mozzi-Bardini". Polo Museale Fiorentino. Ministry of Cultural Heritage. Retrieved July 24, 2006. 

Coordinates: 43°45′52.81″N 11°15′28.77″E / 43.7646694°N 11.2579917°E / 43.7646694; 11.2579917