Palestine Airways (also: Palestine Air Transport) was an airline founded by Zionist Pinhas Rutenberg in British Palestine, in conjunction with the Histadrut and the Jewish Agency.In 1937 the airline was taken over by British Government's Air Ministry, with the intention of it eventually being transferred back into private hands.
Based in Haifa in July 1937 it commenced commercial flights 3 times a week to Lydda. This line operated for several months, but was discontinued when Arab hostilities worsened, and the danger to passengers travelling from Tel Aviv, the main Jewish population centre, to Lydda Airport through Arab majority territory overland, became too great  In October 1938 Palestinian Airways moved its main base to the newly built Tel Aviv Airport (in 1940 renamed Sde Dov) and commenced operations on the Tel Aviv to Haifa route, flying twice a day in their de Havilland Rapide.The route was later extended from Haifa to Beirut.
Initially in July 1937 the airline flew two twin-engine, five seat, cantilever Short Scion monoplanes. In 1938 two additional aircraft were acquired - a de Havilland Dragon Rapide and a Short Scion Senior landplane version of the float-plane (which later in Royal Air Force service was lost in action on 22 September 1943).
An advertising poster for the short-lived airline survives.
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