Palestinian People's Party

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Palestinian People's Party

حزب الشعب الفلسطيني
LeaderBassam Al-Salhi
FounderBashir Barghouti
FoundedFebruary 1982
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism
Socialism
Palestinian nationalism[1]
Political positionFar-left
National affiliationPalestine Liberation Organization,
Democratic Alliance List
International affiliationInternational Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties
Legislative Council
1 / 132
Website
www.ppp.ps

The Palestinian People's Party (PPP, in Arabic: حزب الشعب الفلسطينيHizb al-Sha'b al-Filastini), founded in 1982 as the Palestinian Communist Party, is a socialist political party in the Palestinian territories and among the Palestinian diaspora.

History[edit]

The original-named Palestine Communist Party had been founded in 1919. After the foundation of the state of Israel and the Jordanian annexation of the West Bank, the West Bank communists joined as the Jordanian Communist Party, which gained considerable support among Palestinians. It established a strong position in the Palestinian trade union movement and retained considerable popularity in the West Bank during the 1970s, but its support subsequently declined. In the Gaza strip a separate Palestinian communist organization was established.

In February, 1982, prominent Palestinian communists held a conference and re-established the Palestinian Communist Party. The new party established relations with the Palestine Liberation Organization, and joined the PLO in 1987. A PCP member was included in the Executive Committee of the PLO in April that year.[2] PCP was the sole PLO member not based amongst the fedayeen organizations.

The PCP was one of the four components of the Unified National Leadership of the First Intifada, and played an important role in mobilizing grassroots support for the uprising.

The party, under the leadership of Bashir Barghouti, played an important role in reevaluating Marxism-Leninism as a political philosophy earlier than many other communist organisations in the region. It was renamed in 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, to the Palestinian People's Party, arguing that the class struggle in Palestine should be postponed as the Palestinian people are still waging a struggle of national liberation in which elements of all classes should unite.[3] The renaming also reflected a move by the party to distance itself from the image of communism, an ideology perceived as antagonistic to religion in the Muslim world; however, party members still identify with Marxism.[3]

The party was an enthusiastic advocate of the Oslo Accords; however, it now criticises the "failure" of the peace process, while still defending the goal of an independent Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.[3]

In 2002, the party's then general secretary, Mustafa Barghouti left it with some supporters to found the Palestinian National Initiative.

In the January 2005 presidential election, the party's candidate Bassam as-Salhi received 2.67% of the vote.[4]

At the Palestinian legislative election, 2006 PPP formed a joint list called Al-badeel for the left wing parties with Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Palestine Democratic Union and independents. It received 2.8% of the popular vote and won two of the Council's 132 seats.

Party leaders[edit]


Other notable members[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-11-26. Retrieved 2015-11-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Gresh, Alain. Review: Palestinian Communists and the Intifadah. Middle East Report, No. 157, Israel Faces the Uprising. (Mar - Apr., 1989), pp. 34-36. Gresh argues that the inclusion of PCP into the PLO leadership indicated an increased influence of the Soviet Union in intra-Palestinian politics.
  3. ^ a b c "Interview with Palestinian People's Party" The Terminator Line
  4. ^ "News". 12 January 2005. Archived from the original on 12 January 2005.

External links[edit]